Life expectancy continues to improve

Released
30/10/2019

Life expectancy in Australia has reached record highs with a boy born today expected to live to 80.7 years and a girl to 84.9 years, according to the latest figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

"Male life expectancy has increased by 0.2 years over the 2015-2017 to 2016-2018 period, and by 1.5 years in the past ten years. Female life expectancy has increased by 0.3 years during the same period, and by 1.2 years in the past decade," ABS Demography Director Beidar Cho said.

In recent years, life expectancy for males has improved at a faster rate than that for females. Around 50 years ago (1965-67), life expectancy at birth in Australia was 67.6 years for males and 74.2 years for females, a gap of 6.6 years. The gap has now narrowed to 4.2 years in 2016-2018.

"Australians have a higher life expectancy than similar countries, such as New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA," Ms Cho said.

And for those Australians who make it as far as the traditional retirement age of 65 years, males can expect to live a further 19.9 years and females a further 22.6 years.

States and territories

Victoria recorded the highest male life expectancy (81.7 years), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (81.2 years), New South Wales (80.6 years), Western Australia (80.5 years), South Australia (80.4 years), Queensland (80.2 years) and Tasmania (79.3 years).

Both Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory recorded the highest female life expectancies (85.3 years), closely followed by Western Australia (85.1 years), then New South Wales (84.9 years), Queensland and South Australia (both 84.7 years) and Tasmania (83.2 years).

The Northern Territory recorded the lowest life expectancy for both males and females (75.5 years and 80.2 years, respectively). Despite this, male and female life expectancies in the Northern Territory showed the greatest gains of all the states and territories, over the last decade (2.9 years and 1.8 years).

Further details are in Life Tables, States, Territories and Australia, 2016-2018 (cat. no. 3302.0.55.001). Australia, state, territory and sub-state information is also available for free download from the ABS website http://www.abs.gov.au.

Life expectancy at birth, states, territories and Australia - selected years
200820172018Change: 2008-2018Change: 2017-2018
Australia(a)
Malesyears79.280.580.71.50.2
Femalesyears83.784.684.91.20.3
New South Wales
Malesyears79.280.380.61.40.3
Femalesyears83.984.684.91.00.3
Victoria
Malesyears79.681.381.72.10.4
Femalesyears83.985.085.31.40.3
Queensland
Malesyears78.980.080.21.30.2
Femalesyears83.784.484.71.00.3
South Australia
Malesyears79.280.380.41.20.1
Femalesyears83.884.584.70.90.2
Western Australia
Malesyears79.380.380.51.20.2
Femalesyears84.084.985.11.10.2
Tasmania
Malesyears77.778.779.31.60.6
Femalesyears82.382.983.20.90.3
Northern Territory
Malesyears72.675.975.52.9-0.4
Femalesyears78.479.480.21.80.8
Australian Capital Territory
Malesyears80.181.181.21.10.1
Femalesyears84.085.285.31.30.1
  1. Includes Other Territories.
     

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