6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Jun 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/07/2019   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

This document was added 12/08/2019.



The ABS has discovered an irregularity in the seasonally adjusted series for fruit in the CPI since December 2017, and have corrected the issue. There is no impact on the headline CPI measures.

This has negligible and sporadic impact on the key analytical series, including the Trimmed mean and Weighted median, and CPI seasonally adjusted. Revisions have been made to the affected series, as necessary, back to the December quarter 2017.

For full details of the affected series, see the History of Changes page.



June Key Statistics

The All groups CPI
  • Rose 0.6% this quarter, following no movement (0.0%) in the March quarter 2019.
  • Rose 1.6% over the twelve months to the June quarter 2019, following a rise of 1.3% over the twelve months to the March quarter 2019.

Overview of CPI movements
  • The most significant price rises this quarter are automotive fuel (+10.2%), medical and hospital services (+2.6%) and international holiday, travel and accommodation (+2.7%).
  • The most significant price falls this quarter are fruit (-4.1%), electricity (-1.7%) and domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-1.5%).


All Groups CPI, Quarterly change
Graph: All Groups CPI, Quarterly change

Mar Qtr 2019 to Jun Qtr 2019
Jun Qtr 2018 to Jun Qtr 2019
Weighted average of eight capital cities
% change
% change

All groups CPI
0.6
1.6
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
-0.4
2.4
Alcohol and tobacco
1.1
5.9
Clothing and footwear
1.6
0.2
Housing
-0.2
0.5
Furnishings, household equipment and services
0.7
-0.4
Health
1.8
3.0
Transport
3.4
1.7
Communication
-1.1
-4.4
Recreation and culture
0.6
1.8
Education
0.0
2.8
Insurance and financial services
0.3
0.9
CPI analytical series
All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted
0.8
1.6
Trimmed mean
0.4
1.6
Weighted median
0.4
1.3



Contribution to quarterly change

Graph: Contribution to quarterly change


Changes in this and future releases

The ABS has ceased publishing a PDF as part of the release of Consumer Price Index, Australia (cat. no. 6401.0) as of this quarter. CPI data will be presented in HTML format only on the ABS website. Should you have any concerns regarding this transition, please contact the ABS via email on client.services@abs.gov.au.


Use of Price Indexes in Contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts that sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.


Frequently Asked Questions

The Frequently Asked Questions page that has answers to a number of common questions to do with price indexes and the Consumer Price Index, in particular.