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Feature Article - International Tourism and its worth to Australia
There were 4.2 million international visitors to Australia in 1997-98 and their average per head consumption on goods and services purchased in Australia was $3,031. The total average per head expenditure on trips to Australia by international visitors was $3,946. The difference between the two averages is the amount spent on goods and services provided by non-resident businesses (foreign carriers etc.).
INTERNATIONAL VISITOR CONTRIBUTION TO TOTAL EXPORTS
International tourism is an important contributor to Australia's export earnings, with 11.2% or $12.8 billion of total exports of goods and services attributed to international visitors. The contribution of tourism products to total exports is comparable with traditional exports of primary products. In 1997-98, tourism products were a higher export earner than coal (8.4%) and petroleum and gas (5.1%), but a lower export earner than food and live animals (14.1%).
SELECTED EXPORTED COMMODITIES, 1997-98,
As a percentage of total exports
Australia is one of only a few countries to have released an official TSA. Some other countries that have published official TSAs are Canada, New Zealand and the United States. Comparisons can be made between different countries although there are some conceptual differences, particularly in the scope of what is covered in tourism consumption. As far as possible the differences in scope have been adjusted for in the table below, although the irregular release of TSAs means that the reference year for each country is different. The table shows that international visitors contributed a significantly lower proportion to total tourism expenditure in Australia than in both New Zealand and Canada but contributed about the same as in the United States of America. %
INTERNATIONAL VISITOR SHARE OF TOURISM CONSUMPTION
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts: Tourism Satellite Account, 1997-98. (Cat.No.5249.0), ABS, Canberra. Kass D. and Okubo S. July 2000, 'US travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 1996 and 1997', Survey of Current Business, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington. Statistics Canada, Tourism Statistical Digest 1999, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, 1999. Statistics New Zealand, Tourism Satellite Account 1995, Statistics New Zealand, Wellington, 1999.
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