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Special Article - Short-term visitor arrivals to Australia: age and sex
COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE
The top 10 source countries of short-term visitor arrivals to Australia in 1999-2000 were New Zealand, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Singapore, Hong Kong, Germany, Malaysia, Taiwan and South Korea. These countries comprised 75% of all short-term visitor arrivals to Australia in 1999-2000, with New Zealand, Japan and the United Kingdom accounting for 44%.
The median age and sex ratio of short-term visitors varied according to their country of residence. In 1999-2000, the median age of short-term visitors from the top 10 source countries ranged from 31.1 years (Japan) to 42.6 years (the United States of America). The sex ratio for visitors from the top 10 source countries differed markedly, between 78 males per 100 females (Taiwan) and 118 males per 100 females (Germany). Overall, short-term visitors from the United States of America, New Zealand, and Germany were older and predominantly male. In contrast, visitors from Japan, Taiwan and Malaysia were younger and predominantly female. For most of the top 10 source countries, the trend during the past two decades has been that of decreasing median age and decreasing sex ratio. New Zealand was a notable exception. Between 1979-80 and 1999-2000, the sex ratio of short-term visitors from New Zealand rose from 103 to 108 males per 100 females, and their median age also increased (from 36.0 to 40.5 years).
TOP TEN SOURCE COUNTRIES
MAIN REASON FOR JOURNEY
The three main reasons for journey in 1999-2000 remained unchanged compared to 1979-80. In 1999-2000, the majority of all short-term visitors to Australia came for a holiday (56%), to visit friends or relatives1 (19%), or for business reasons (10%). In 1979-80, these proportions were 39%, 29%, and 13%, respectively. Overall in 1999-2000, holiday-makers were younger (a median age of 35.8 years) compared to those visiting friends or relatives (43.9 years) or those who came for business (40.8 years). For short-term visitor arrivals from each of the top 10 source countries, a similar age pattern was noted, except for Japan, the United States of America and South Korea, where those visiting friends or relatives had the youngest median age. In the same year, holiday-makers and people visiting friends or relatives were largely female, except for holiday-makers from the United Kingdom and Germany, where males exceeded females. Those who came for business were predominantly male, with the sex ratio as high as 898 males per 100 females among visitors from Germany.
1 In 1994, changes to the incoming passenger card resulted in 'Visiting relatives' reason for journey expanding to include 'Visting friends'.
MEDIAN AGE AND SEX RATIO, By Main Reason For Journey
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