3301.0 - Births, Australia, 2017 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2018   
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11 December 2018
Embargo: 11.30 am (Canberra time)

Australian women are now having children older than ever

The fertility rate of Australian women aged 35 years and over continues to rise, however the rate is falling in most other age groups according to the latest figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

In the past 30 years, the fertility rate of women aged 35-39 has more than doubled in 2017, and for women aged 40-44 it has tripled. In contrast, teenage fertility nearly halved during this period.

Current figures also show women aged 30-34 continue to have the highest fertility, followed by women ages 25-29.

ABS Director of Demography, Anthony Grubb, said: "The long-term decline in fertility of younger mums as well as the continued increase in fertility of older mums reflects a shift towards late childbearing. Together, this has resulted in a rise in median age of mothers and a fall in Australia's total fertility rate.”

A total of 309,142 births were registered in Australia in 2017, resulting in a total fertility rate (TFR) of 1.74 babies per woman, the lowest since 2001.

The Northern Territory recorded the highest TFR (1.91 babies per woman) closely followed by the Australian Capital Territory and Western Australia (both 1.83 babies per woman), while South Australia recorded the lowest rate (1.68 babies per woman).

In 2017, the total fertility rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers was 2.33 babies per woman. There were 20,400 births registered (7 per cent of all births) where at least one parent was an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian.

More details, including state and sub-state information, can be found in Births, Australia, 2017 (cat. no. 3301.0) available for free download from the ABS website https://www.abs.gov.au

Age specific fertility rates 1987 to 2017
(a) Births per 1,000 women.

Media Notes

  • Birth records are provided electronically to the ABS by state and territory registrars on a monthly basis for compilation into aggregate statistics on a quarterly and annual basis.
  • Annual estimates on a year of registration basis are published within 12 months of the reference year in Births, Australia (cat. no. 3301.0), the source of this media release. Quarterly estimates of births on a preliminary basis are published five to six months after the reference period in Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) and revised 21 months after the end of each financial year.
  • One dimension of timeliness in birth registrations data is the interval between the occurrence and registration of a birth. Some births occurring in one year are not registered until the following year or later. This can be caused by either a delay by the parent(s) in submitting a completed form to the registry, or a delay by the registry in processing the birth (for example, due to follow up activity due to missing information on the form, or resource limitations). More information available in Explanatory notes in Births, Australia (cat. no. 3301.0).
  • When reporting ABS data, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (or ABS) must be attributed as the source.
  • For media requests and interviews, contact the ABS Media Team on 1300 175 070 or media@abs.gov.au (8.30am - 5pm Monday - Friday AEDT).
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