2900.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia , 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 08/11/2017  First Issue
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Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago (PUR1P)

This variable records the geographic area in which a person usually lived one year ago (i.e. at August 9, 2015). This variable is applicable for all usual residents of Australia, except for persons aged less than one year.

How this variable is created

Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago is coded to Statistical Area 2 (SA2) level based on the response to the question of where the person lived one year ago. An image of this question is provided below. If Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago cannot be coded to the SA2 level, it is assigned to a 'capital city undefined' category, or a 'state undefined' category. The proportion of records coded to these categories was 0.1% in 2016 compared with 0.2% in 2011.

For the 76.4% of persons whose place of usual residence one year ago was the same as their place of usual residence on Census night, their Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago is automatically derived from Place of Usual Residence. A further 1.7% of persons usually lived overseas one year ago, and their Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago is therefore coded as such. For the 13.6% of persons who lived elsewhere in Australia one year ago, the address details provided on the form were coded using automatic or clerical processes.

Variable history

This question relating to Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago was first asked in the 1976 Census and has been asked at every census since then. Geographic classifications have been changed for the 2016 Census so that they match the updated Australian Statistical Geography Standard. The date listed for one year ago was also updated.

Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago is a hierarchical classification, ranging from the broadest geographical level (Australia) at the top of the hierarchy, to the finest level (SA2). The categories in this variable have changed to reflect the updated Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) used for the 2016 Census. Provision is also made for persons who indicated that they had no usual place of residence one year ago.

Non-response rate

The majority of item non-response is attributable to the people who did not respond to the Census at all. Refer to item non-response rates for more information. The second and smaller contributor to item non-response is when people return a Census form but may not answer a particular question(s). For more information, refer to Understanding Census data quality.

Item non-response rates are a measure of how many people did not respond to a particular question as a proportion of the total number of people the question was applicable to. In this instance the response is left as not stated.

The non-response rate for this variable was 8.6% in 2016 (5.3% in 2011).

Further information

A definition of Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago is available in the 2016 Census Dictionary.
For related information on Place of Usual Residence One Year Ago, see data quality statements for Place of Usual Residence, Place of Usual Residence Five Years Ago and Usual Address One Year Ago Indicator.

Household form question image

Question 9 as it appeared on the 2016 Census Household Paper Form:

Image: 2016 Household Paper Form - Question 9. Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 9 August 2015)?
A text only version of the online Census Household form is available from the Downloads tab.


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