4820.0.55.001 - Diabetes in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 16/09/2011
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The prevalence of diabetes varies according to age, individual health, genetic make-up, ethnicity, sex, socio-economic conditions and the presence or absence of lifestyle risk factors. This section examines the age, sex and socio-economic characteristics of persons with diabetes. Lifestyle behaviours are examined in the next section. This analysis is based on a person's current circumstances and behaviours, which may not reflect their pre-diagnosis characteristics.
AGE AND SEX
In 2007–08, a higher proportion of men had diabetes than women (5% and 3% respectively). The rate of diabetes for men increased markedly around the age of 45 years, peaking at 19% for men aged 65 to 74 years. While rates for women did not rise as steeply as those of men, they also showed an increase around the age of 45 years. The rate of diabetes for women was highest for those aged 75 years and over (13%). Studies show insulin resistance increases and glucose tolerance declines with age, which may be reflected in the distribution of rates in Graph 2, below [6,7].
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