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LABOUR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS
For the majority of employment related items, data relate to the respondent's main job. For respondents who had more than one job at the time of the interview, main job was defined as the paid job in which they usually worked the most hours.
Information was collected for all persons aged 15 years and over in the NHS and NNPAS.
Information was collected using the short-form version of the questions used in the ABS Monthly Labour Force Survey.
Labour force status
Status in employment
This item refers to a respondent's position in relation to the main employment (job) in the enterprise in which they work and is determined by the following criteria:
This item refers to the working or payment arrangements of the respondent in their current main job. Data are recorded as reported by respondents against the following categories:
The output data item does not include unpaid voluntary work, as people who respond to this category are not considered employed.
For this survey, occupations have been classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, Revision 1, 2009 (cat. no. 1221.0). An occupation is a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation, which have been grouped together for the purposes of classification. An occupation code was assigned, based on the description of the type of work performed by the respondent in their main job.
The major groups of occupations according to ANZSCO are:
For most output purposes, occupation is classified to these eight major groups or to sub-major group level (see Appendix 3: ABS Standard Classifications of this Users' Guide).
Industry of employment
For this survey, industry of main job was office coded to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (Revision 1.0) (cat. no.1292.0) based on the description provided by the respondent of the business or activity carried out by their business/employer, and the name of the business/employer. Industry was classified to the 3 digit Group level of the ANZSIC, and details can be made available at this level on request, although for many groups observations in the survey are relatively few, and therefore the reliability of that data would be significantly reduced.
For most output purposes, industry is classified to the following divisions:
For more details on ABS standard classifications used in the AHS, see Appendix 3: ABS Standard Classifications of this Users' Guide.
This item was coded for respondents who were wage and salary earners or owners of a limited liability company in their main job, and refers to the sector (public or private) in which their business/employer operates.
Refers to reported hours usually worked (in all jobs) per week by persons currently employed. Hours in single units are recorded and are available for output. Standard groupings of hours are:
For NHS the continuous variable is a 2-digit item. For NNPAS this is a 3-digit item. The difference is due to different length restrictions for responses in the surveys. The combined sample file (the core) has been restricted to 2-digit to reflect the NHS collection methodology, with NNPAS respondents top-coded at 99.
Type of shift work
Recorded for employed persons who reported doing any shift work in their main job, in the 4 weeks prior to interview. Categories available are:
Reason absent from work
For employed respondents who identified that they were not at work in the week prior to interview, the reason they were absent was asked. Categories available are:
Duration of unemployment
Derived for persons classified as unemployed at the time of the survey.
To collect data for the items related to duration of unemployment respondents were asked to provide the date they began looking for work, and date they last worked in a job of 35 hours or more. The format of the date was dependent on how long ago this date was and some date components were standardised as follows:
Duration of unemployment refers to the period from the time a person began looking for work or was stood down, to the date of interview. For persons who began looking for work while still employed, the item refers to the period from the time the person last worked full-time for two weeks or more until the date of interview. The item is a continuous variable, measured in completed weeks.
For standard output, periods are grouped as follows:
Long-term unemployment is defined as unemployment for a period of 52 weeks or more.
Information on 'Time since last worked full-time' is also available separately for persons classified as unemployed.
Defence Force Service
Respondents in the NHS were asked whether they had ever served in the Australian Defence Force and were classified as:
Points to be considered in interpreting for this topic include the following:
Comparability with 2007-08
Labour force characteristics is considered comparable between the 2007-08 NHS and 2011-12 surveys.
Defence force service is a new item added to the 2011-12 NHS.