2901.0 - Census Dictionary, 2011
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 23/05/2011
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Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO)
The 2006 Census used the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition to classify occupation question responses. In 2009, ANZSCO, First Edition was updated. Consequently, for the 2011 Census, ANZSCO, First Edition, Revision 1 is used.
The structure of ANZSCO has five hierarchical levels - major group, sub-major group, minor group, unit group and occupation. The classification as used by the Census can be seen in the Classifications section of this Dictionary listed under the mnemonic OCCP Occupation.
The categories at the most detailed level of the ANZSCO structure are called 'occupations'. An 'occupation' is defined as a set of jobs that require the performance of similar or identical sets of tasks. As it is rare for two actual jobs to have identical sets of tasks, in practical terms, an 'occupation' is a set of jobs whose main tasks are characterised by a high degree of similarity.
A 'job' is defined as a set of tasks designed to be performed by one person for an employer (including self-employment) in return for payment or profit.
The complete ANZSCO classification, conceptual basis of ANZSCO and the differences between ANZSCO, First Edition and ANZSCO, First Edition, Revision 1 are published in ANZSCO - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, Revision 1 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Alternative ANZSCO views
Alternative views are ways of looking at subsets of occupations on the basis of the primary goods and services produced or provided by the employee. For instance, payroll clerks working in hospitals are not included in a view of health occupations even though they work in the health 'industry', as the goods and services produced by payroll clerks are not health-related.
Alternative views are a means of outputting data on a range of related occupations which span different parts of ANZSCO.
A standard set of alternative views to facilitate meaningful and consistent comparison of employment in various 'industry' sectors between different data sources and across time has been developed. Alternative views are available for the following subsets of occupations:
See also Occupation (OCCP).