6540.0 - Microdata: Household Expenditure, Income and Housing, 2015-16 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/10/2017   
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About the CURF

The 2015-16 SIH and HES Basic CURF contains information at Household, Income Unit, Person and Loan levels for HES and SIH, plus the Expenditure and Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP) levels for HES. More information can be found at the File Structure section of this publication.

CURFs allow users to interact with survey data to their own, unique specifications. Uses include:

  • Investigating data
  • Producing tabulations
  • Undertaking statistical analysis

While CURFs provide a great deal of flexibility, limitations on analysis can be impacted by factors such as sample size, the data classifications used, and conditions of use for the file.

More information on the additional detail and data items on Basic CURF can be found at the Data Item section of this publication.

Protective Provisions

The 2015-16 SIH and HES CURF are released under the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The Act allows for the release of unit record data, provided this information is not likely to identify an individual person or organisation. As a result there are no names or addresses of survey respondents on the CURF. Other steps, including the following list of actions, have been taken to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The 2015-16 SIH and HES CURF contain unit records relating to most survey respondents.

Protective provisions include:
  • On the Basic CURF, households with seven or more persons were reduced to a maximum size of six persons. This reduction also resulted in the deletion of several whole income units, mainly single person records.
  • Most income items, and some wealth and loan data items have been protected using perturbation. During this process, selected item values are adjusted to prevent identification of survey participants while preserving the overall statistical validity of the data.
  • Some variables have had values ranged or collapsed, or had maximum values reduced. The latter is a process called topcoding whereby all variable values that exceed a threshold value are reduced.
  • For records with unusual combinations of characteristics, a household or person level item was changed to decrease the chance of identification. Details that were commonly changed include geography, age, country of birth, industry or occupation.

As a result of these protective measures, population estimates obtained from the CURF are slightly different to the other 2015–16 SIH and HES publications. Variation in key items and populations are addressed in the CURF sample reconciliation tabulations document available from the Downloads tab. These tables provide a guide to the difference between CURF and the unconfidentialised file, using indicators such as mean, median and population estimates.

Steps to confidentialise the datasets that are available on the CURFs are taken for three main purposes:
  • Maintain the confidentiality of survey respondents
  • Ensure the integrity of the datasets
  • Maximise the value of survey content

Prospective users should first ensure that SIH and HES CURF product will suit their data needs. Prior to purchase, you can review whether the topics and level of detail you require are available on the 2015-16 SIH and HES Basic CURF. As an alternative measure, data that has been obtained in the SIH and HES but is not contained on the CURF files may be available via DataLab or a tailored service request to client.services@abs.gov.au. The ABS Privacy Policy outlines how the ABS handles any personal information that you provide to us.