1200.0.55.001 - Disability Variables, 2006  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/10/2006  First Issue
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COLLECTION METHODS


STANDARD QUESTION MODULES

24. The method of obtaining data on 'Core activity need for assistance' is by derivation (see the 'Derivation procedures' section below). The standard question modules are as follows:

Interviewer-based collections - Disability Module

25. For personal interviewer-based collections, a concept relatable to 'Core activity need for assistance', profound or severe core activity limitation, may be derived from the Disability Module. Note that the 'Core activity need for assistance' concept which is collected using the Disability Module will be a subset of the broader 'Severity of disability' data collected using the same module. A series of questions is used first to determine the presence or absence of various health conditions (Questions 1-4). Subsequent questions on the need for assistance of the respondent (Questions 6-8), and the respondent's possible use of aids (Question 9), follow. In the Disability Module, further questions are asked on difficulties with education and employment (Questions 11-12). However, if the respondent is aged less than 65 years these questions are not necessary to derive 'Core activity need for assistance'. As the questions on the presence or absence of individual health conditions provide for multiple responses, the module does not enable separate identification of the individual conditions for which the severity is ascertained to be made. The standard question module is as follows:


Q1I would now like to ask about any conditions you may have, that have lasted, or are likely to last, for six months or more.
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 1
Do you have any of these conditions?
YesGo to Q2
NoGo to Q3

Prompt card 1:

10 - Sight problems not corrected by glasses or contact lenses
11 - Hearing problems
12 - Speech problems
13 - Blackouts, fits or loss of consciousness
14 - Difficulty learning or understanding things
15 - Limited use of arms or fingers
16 - Difficulty gripping things
17 - Limited use of legs or feet
18 - Any condition that restricts physical activity or physical work (e.g. back problems, migraines)
19 - Any disfigurement or deformity
20 - Any mental illness for which help or supervision is required



Q2Which ones?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 1
The responses are:
10 - Sight problems not corrected by glasses or contact lensesGo to Q3
11 - Hearing problemsGo to Q3
12 - Speech problemsGo to Q3
13 - Blackouts, fits or loss of consciousnessGo to Q3
14 - Difficulty learning or understanding thingsGo to Q3
15 - Limited use of arms or fingersGo to Q3
16 - Difficulty gripping thingsGo to Q3
17 - Limited use of legs or feetGo to Q3
18 - Any condition that restricts physical activity or physical work (e.g. back problems, migraines)Go to Q3
19 - Any disfigurement or deformityGo to Q3
20 - Any mental illness for which help or supervision is requiredGo to Q3

Q3Still thinking of conditions lasting 6 months or more, are you restricted in everyday activities by any of these?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 2
YesGo to Q4
NoGo to Q5

Prompt card 2:

1 - Shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing
2 - Chronic or recurring pain
3 - A nervous or emotional condition
4 - Long term effects as a result of a head injury, stroke or other brain damage
5 - Any other long term condition that requires treatment or medication
6 - Any other long term condition such as arthritis, asthma, heart disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia etc.



Q4Which ones?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 2
More than one response is allowed:
1 - Shortness of breath, or difficulty breathingGo to Q5
2 - Chronic or recurring painGo to Q5
3 - A nervous or emotional conditionGo to Q5
4 - Long term effects as a result of a head injury, stroke or other brain damageGo to Q5
5 - Any other long term condition that requires treatment or medicationGo to Q5
6 - Any other long term condition such as arthritis, asthma, heart disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia etc.Go to Q5

Q5Sequence guide:
If no conditions or restrictions reported (Q1 = No and Q3 = No)End
ElseQ6

26. The module ends here if the respondent answers No to both Q1 and Q3. Otherwise it continues as follows:


Q6Because of the [condition/conditions] you have told me about, do you ever need help or supervision with any of these tasks?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 3
YesGo to Q7
NoGo to Q8


Prompt card 3:

Self-care
For example:
- Bathing / showering
- Dressing / undressing
- Eating / feeding
- Going to toilet
- Bladder / bowel control
Mobility
For example:
- Moving around away from home
- Moving around at home
- Getting in or out of a bed or chair
Communication in own language
For example:
- Understanding / being understood by strangers, friends or family, including use of sign language / lip reading

Q7Do you always need help with any of these tasks?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 3
YesGo to Q10
NoGo to Q10


Q8Because of the [condition/conditions] you have told me about, do you ever have difficulty with any of these tasks?
Interviewer: Show Prompt card 3
YesGo to Q10
NoGo to Q9

Q9Even though you can do these self-care, mobility and communication tasks without difficulty, do you use any aids to assist with these tasks?
YesGo to Q10
NoGo to Q10

Q10Sequence guide:
If age less than 65 (age <65)Q11
ElseEnd


27. If the respondent is aged 65 years or more, the module ends after Q9. If the respondent is aged less than 65 years, two further questions may be asked on difficulties with education and employment. See the ABS Standard Variable 'Severity of disability' for more information.


Self-completed collections


1Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self care activities?
  • For example: doing everyday activities such as eating, showering, dressing or toileting.
Yes, always
Yes, sometimes
No

2Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?
  • For example: getting out of bed, moving around at home or at places away from home.
Yes, always
Yes, sometimes
No

3Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?
  • For example: understanding, or being understood by, others
Yes, always
Yes, sometimes
No

4What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision shown in questions 1, 2 and 3?
  • Mark all applicable reasons
No need for help or supervision
Short-term health condition (lasting less than six months)
Long-term health condition (lasting months or more)
Disability (lasting months or more)
Old or young age
Difficulty with English language
Other cause




Administrative Collections

28. There is no standard question module for administrative collections for 'Core activity need for assistance'.


STANDARD INPUT CATEGORIES

29. For interviewer-based collections, the standard input categories for 'Core activity need for assistance' are the 7 base level categories of the 'Severity of disability' classification and also include the supplementary category, 'Not stated'.

Base level categories:

Profound core activity limitation
Severe core activity limitation
Moderate core activity limitation
Mild core activity limitation
Education/employment restriction only
No specific restriction or limitation
No disability or long-term health condition

Supplementary category:

Not stated

30. For self-completed collections, the standard input categories are the responses to the three questions on Core activities and the question on Reason for need for assistance, and also the supplementary category, 'Not stated'.

Yes, always
Yes, sometimes
No

No need for help or supervision
Short-term health condition (lasting less than six months)
Long-term health condition (lasting six months or more)
Disability (lasting six months or more)
Old or young age
Difficulty with English language
Other cause

Supplementary category:

Not stated


DERIVATION PROCEDURES

Interviewer-based collection module

31. The relatable profound or severe core activity limitation concept derived from the interviewer-based collection module uses the same procedures which derive 'Severity of disability' from the Disability Module. In summary, responses categorised to two categories of the 'Severity of disability' classification, the categories 1111 Profound core activity limitation, and 1112 Severe core activity limitation, both indicate a Need for assistance. All other responses, categorised to any other codes of the 'Severity of disability' classification, indicate No need for assistance. For more information see the 'Derivation procedures' section of the 'Severity of disability' standard.


Self-completed collection module

32. The derivation process applied to the self-completed collection module is undertaken after a basic categorisation of responses to the questions in the module into positive responses, negative responses or no response ('Not stated') (ie no box is marked in that question.) This categorisation is as follows:

For the three questions on Core activities (Q1 Self care activities, Q2 Body movement activities, Q3 Communication activities):
  • Positive: responses of 'Yes, always' and 'Yes, sometimes'
  • Negative: responses of 'No'
  • No response: no box marked
For the question on Reason for need for assistance (Q4):
  • Positive: responses of 'Long-term health condition', 'Disability', and 'Old or young age' (where the age of the person is 40 years or more)
  • Negative: responses of 'No need for help or supervision', 'Short-term health condition', 'Old or young age' (where the age of the person is less than 40 years), 'Difficulty with English language', and 'Other cause'
  • No response: no box marked
33. The following rules are then applied sequentially:
  • All negative or no response to a Need question and any response to Reason = No need for assistance
  • Any positive to a Need question and no response to reason = Not stated
  • Any positive to a Need question and any positive to Reason = Need for assistance
  • Any positive to a Need question and no positive to Reason = No need for assistance


EDITING PROCEDURES

Self-completed collection module

34. The module uses the final question on Reasons for need for assistance to determine whether the reason is regarded as an indicator of the respondent's need for assistance with a disability lasting 6 months or more. In the case of the response category 'Old or young age', an edit is required to determine whether or not the respondent meets this criterion. Responses are crossclassified by 'Age'; provided other responses to the question module are appropriate, the respondent will be determined as having a need for assistance with core activities if the age of the person is 40 years or more.

35. This edit is applied during processing of other responses to the module.



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