8106.0 - Not-for-profit Organisations, Australia, 2006-07 (Re-Issue) Quality Declaration
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/06/2009 Reissue
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For information about the institutional environment of the ABS, including its legislative obligations, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.
The identification of not-for-profit organisations on the ABS Business Register provides the opportunity for improved not-for-profit estimates from ABS business surveys. The ability to identify all not-for-profit organisations in the population, rather than relying on self-identification in the sample, allows the ABS to use alternative estimation techniques to improve the quality of its statistics for the not-for-profit sector.
Most ABS business surveys use the ABS Business Register of employing and non-employing businesses/organisations to draw a sample frame. The ABS Business Register includes only those businesses/organisations registered with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) for an Australian Business Number (ABN). There are many small not-for-profit organisations in Australia that do not have an ABN. These organisations were out-of-scope of this survey. In addition, there are a large number of small, non-employing not-for-profit organisations and although included on the ABS Business Register, these were out of scope of this survey. Further information is available in the Explanatory Notes.
Two types of error can occur in estimates that are based on a sample survey: non-sampling error and sampling error.
Non-sampling error arises from inaccuracies in collecting, recording and processing the data. Every effort was made to minimise reporting error by careful design of questionnaires, intensive training of collection analysts and efficient data processing procedures.
Non-sampling error also occurs when information cannot be obtained from all organisations selected in the survey. For the 2006-07 Not-for-profit Organisations Survey, there was a 93% response rate. Data were imputed for the remaining 7% of operating organisations. Imputed responses contributed 5.4% to the estimate of total income.
Sampling error occurs because a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed. It reflects the difference between estimates based on a sample and those that would have been obtained had a census been conducted. One measure of this difference is the standard error. There are about two chances in three that a sample estimate will differ by less than one standard error from the figure that would have been obtained if all organisations had been included in the survey, and about nineteen chances in twenty that the difference will be less than two standard errors.
Another measure of sampling error is the relative standard error, which is obtained by expressing the standard error as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers. The relative standard error is a useful measure in that it provides an immediate indication of the sampling error in percentage terms, and this avoids the need to refer also to the size of the estimate. Relative standard errors of key estimates are available in the Explanatory Notes of Not-for-profit Organisations, Australia (cat.no. 8106.0).
Overall, the ABS considers that the survey estimates are of good quality, especially at the most aggregated level, such as total not-for-profit sector. However, some care should be exercised in the use of the finer level components. The sampling variability for estimates at the individual International Classification of Non-Profit Organisations (ICNPO) Group and data item level was generally higher than for total not-for-profit sector aggregates. Survey estimates for individual ICNPO Group and individual data items should therefore be viewed with more caution than estimates for the total not-for-profit sector (refer to Appendix 1 for details of the complete ICNPO classification and Appendix 2 for the version of the ICNPO classification used in this survey).
Data for not-for-profit organisations are also published in Australian National Accounts: Non-Profit Institutions Satellite Account (cat. no. 5256.0). There are important differences between the statistics published in the Australian National Accounts: Non-Profit Institutions Satellite Account and Not-for-profit Organisations publications and users should exercise caution when making comparisons between the two sets of estimates.
Australian National Accounts: Non-Profit Institutions Satellite Account presents data for the not-for-profit sector which were compiled from a variety of existing economic and social collections conducted by the ABS and other agencies.
Not-for-profit Organisations is a dedicated survey of not-for-profit organisations and supplements Australian National Accounts: Non-Profit Institutions Satellite Account statistics with a detailed examination of the structure and performance of not-for-profit organisations for the reference year of the survey.
Further information on terminology and other technical aspects associated with statistics from the Not-for-profit Organisations Survey can be found in the
Explanatory Notes, Glossary, the ICNPO classification (Appendix 1) and the ICNPO-ANZSIC concordance (Appendix 2).
Inquiries about these statistics can be made by contacting the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Julie Cole on (03) 9615 7562.
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