3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
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STATE AND TERRITORY COMPOSITION OF COUNTRY OF BIRTH

Australia's estimated resident population (ERP) by country of birth at the state and territory level is only available for Census years, with the latest being 2016. Table 1.3 shows the composition by country of birth for each state and territory, for the top 15 countries ranked at the national level.

Western Australia recorded the highest proportion of the population born overseas at 35.0% (895,400 persons). Victoria recorded the second highest proportion with 30.7% of its residents born overseas (1,892,500 persons). Tasmania (13.1% or 67,900 persons) had the lowest proportion of the population that were overseas-born, well below the Australian level of 28.6% recorded in 2016 (6.9 million persons). The Northern Territory had the second-lowest proportion of overseas-born (22.6% or 55,400 persons), but had the largest percentage point increase in the proportion of residents that were born overseas, up from 18.9% in 2011.

In 2016, Western Australia had the highest proportion of residents that were born in England of any state or territory (8.4%), more than twice the Australian proportion of 4.1%. Western Australia also recorded the highest proportions of people born in South Africa (1.8%), Malaysia (1.3%) and Scotland (1.2%). Queensland had the highest proportion of the population that were born in New Zealand (4.5%).

New South Wales had a higher proportion of residents born in China (3.3%) and South Korea (0.8%) than any other state or territory. Victoria had the highest proportions of residents born in India (3.0%), Vietnam (1.5%), Italy (1.3%), Sri Lanka (1.0%) and Greece (0.9%). The Northern Territory had the highest proportion of people born in the Philippines (2.8%), while South Australia had the highest proportion of residents born in Germany (0.7%). The Australian Capital Territory had the highest proportion of people born in the United States of America (0.8%), ahead of the Northern Territory (0.7%).

1.3 ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, State and territory composition(a) - Top 15 countries of birth(b) - 30 June 2011 and 2016(c)

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.(d)
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

2011
Australia
5 175.4
3 948.1
3 471.5
1 250.7
1 566.9
447.3
187.7
272.0
16 321.8
Overseas-born
England
248.6
184.6
194.8
108.4
213.4
20.9
6.4
13.8
991.0
New Zealand
128.8
89.3
215.6
14.1
81.0
5.5
4.8
4.8
544.0
China(e)
190.0
112.8
33.2
19.3
20.5
2.3
1.1
8.0
387.4
India
109.1
126.8
34.9
21.0
34.6
1.7
2.4
6.5
337.1
Vietnam
80.6
76.2
18.3
13.4
14.6
0.3
0.8
3.3
207.6
Italy
56.8
82.7
14.6
22.1
21.7
1.1
0.5
2.2
201.7
Philippines
79.4
42.3
33.1
9.8
19.9
1.4
4.4
2.7
193.0
South Africa
44.8
26.6
39.4
6.7
39.8
1.7
0.9
1.7
161.6
Scotland
34.9
31.0
25.5
14.3
29.6
2.9
0.9
2.2
141.2
Malaysia
31.4
45.7
14.8
8.0
29.4
1.4
0.8
2.5
134.1
Germany
36.5
32.2
24.6
12.8
13.2
2.5
1.2
2.6
125.7
Greece
39.0
60.1
4.2
11.4
3.2
0.6
1.4
1.3
121.2
Sri Lanka
27.5
50.4
9.0
3.0
6.3
0.3
0.6
2.6
99.7
USA
31.4
19.4
18.4
4.6
10.4
1.7
1.4
2.8
90.1
Lebanon
66.5
18.5
1.6
1.7
1.2
0.1
0.1
0.4
90.0
Total overseas-born
2 043.1
1 589.8
1 005.3
388.9
786.5
64.2
43.6
96.0
6 018.2
Total
7 218.5
5 537.8
4 476.8
1 639.6
2 353.4
511.5
231.3
368.0
22 340.0
2016
Australia
5 406.4
4 280.6
3 705.1
1 294.0
1 660.6
449.7
190.3
289.6
17 278.8
Overseas-born
England
250.7
192.7
200.4
103.7
213.9
20.5
6.7
13.3
1 002.1
New Zealand
127.9
102.7
219.9
13.8
87.4
5.4
5.6
5.0
568.2
China(e)
256.0
176.6
51.6
26.8
30.0
3.3
1.4
11.9
557.7
India
153.8
182.8
53.1
29.0
53.4
2.1
4.2
10.9
489.4
Philippines
94.1
56.0
43.1
13.3
33.4
1.8
7.0
4.0
252.7
Vietnam
92.9
89.9
21.8
15.7
17.6
0.4
1.2
3.6
243.2
Italy
56.0
79.1
14.8
20.2
22.0
1.0
0.6
2.1
195.8
South Africa
47.7
30.3
44.7
7.1
45.5
1.7
1.1
2.1
180.5
Malaysia
34.9
55.3
16.4
8.4
32.3
1.6
0.8
2.6
152.9
Scotland
33.1
30.3
25.2
13.3
30.4
2.6
0.9
2.0
137.8
Sri Lanka
32.6
63.2
11.1
4.2
8.9
0.4
1.0
3.1
124.5
Germany
33.7
30.0
23.1
11.2
12.8
2.4
1.2
2.5
116.7
Greece
36.0
57.0
4.0
10.1
2.8
0.6
1.8
1.2
113.4
Korea, South
58.0
16.9
21.0
4.1
7.9
0.7
0.5
2.5
111.6
USA
36.9
24.3
20.9
5.2
11.5
2.0
1.7
3.3
105.7
Total overseas-born
2 326.4
1 892.5
1 140.0
418.8
895.4
67.9
55.4
113.5
6 912.1
Total
7 732.9
6 173.2
4 845.2
1 712.8
2 556.0
517.5
245.7
403.1
24 190.9

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Country of birth is available at the state and territory level in Census years only.
(b) The top 15 countries of birth are at the Australia level for 2011 and again for 2016.
(c) Estimates are final rebased for 2011 and 2016.
(d) Includes Other Territories. See paragraphs 69-70 of the Explanatory Notes.
(e) Excludes SARs and Taiwan.