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NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION
3.1 INTERSTATE MIGRATION FLOWS - 2016-17(a)
Net interstate migration can be a source of population gain or loss for a state or territory. In the year ended 30 June 2017, NIM was a source of net population loss for New South Wales (-15,200 persons), Western Australia (-13,900 persons), South Australia (-6,800 persons) and the Northern Territory (-2,900 persons). Those states and territories where NIM contributed positively to population growth were Victoria (18,200 persons), Queensland (17,800 persons), Tasmania (1,500 persons) and the Australian Capital Territory (1,200 persons).
Over the decade ending June 2017, Queensland has been the only state to maintain annual NIM gains. The gain of 17,800 persons in 2016-17 is the second highest increase for Queensland, after a gain of 19,400 persons in 2007-08.
In contrast, New South Wales and South Australia have both recorded annual NIM losses each year for the past decade. New South Wales has continually recorded the largest annual losses, ranging between 20,800 persons in 2007-08 and 6,800 persons in both 2013-14 and 2014-15, with an annual average net loss of 13,500 persons. South Australia recorded an annual average net loss of 4,400 persons, with losses ranging between 7,200 persons in 2015-16 and 2,600 persons in 2010-11.
Gains in NIM for Western Australia increased from 5,000 persons in 2007-08 to peak at 8,600 persons in 2011-12 before decreasing to a net loss of 13,900 persons in 2016-17.
Over the past decade, Victoria recorded an annual NIM loss in 2007-08 of 1,900 persons, followed by annual NIM gains in the nine years from 2008-09 to 2016-17 resulting in an annual average net gain of 7,200 persons. In 2016-17, Victoria recorded its largest NIM gain in the last ten years with 18,200 persons.
NIM in the remaining State and Territories has fluctuated throughout the past decade resulting in an annual average net loss in the Northern Territory (1,200 persons) and annual average net gains in the Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania (380 persons and 120 persons respectively).
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