New 2011 Census data reveals more about Queensland

30 October 2012 | QLD/39

New data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing announced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today has added to the snapshot of Queensland revealed by the release of initial Census results in June.

ABS Queensland Regional Director Dr AJ Lanyon said the latest release of 2011 Census data marked an important time for the ABS, Australia, and Queensland.

“2011 Census data released earlier this year has already shed some light on who we are as a nation and a state, and where we live,” Dr Lanyon said.

“The latest tranche of Census data now paints a picture of what we do and how we live, helping to further shape Queensland over the next five years, and providing a brighter future for our state.

“In particular, Census data provides a valuable insight into the growth and development of Queensland, our people and our workforce.”

Today’s second Census release provides data on the following topics at all geographic levels, from Australia and states and territories, to capital cities and suburbs:
  • Labour force as reported
  • Hours worked
  • Industry and occupation
  • Method of travel to work
  • Highest level of education and fields of study
  • Place of work
  • State and territory migration.

Dr Lanyon encouraged everyone to make use of Australia’s richest statistical resource, which provides a comprehensive snapshot of Queensland and all areas within it.

“Census data is available free online and can be used for a wide range of purposes. Our range of new, easy-to-use tools, including QuickStats, makes searching Census data quick and easy,” she said.

Data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing is now available on the ABS website. Visit www.abs.gov.au/census.

Key second release Census data for Queensland is detailed below.

2011 Census of Population and Housing second release data – Queensland

Labour force and hours worked

The latest figures show Queensland’s total labour force consisted of 2,171,074 people aged 15 years and over at the time of the last Census on 9 August 2011, an increase of 255,126 people from 1,915,948 in 2006.

Consistent with its total population, Queensland had the third largest number of full-time employed people and people who reported they were not in the labour force.

More than half (60 per cent) of Queensland’s labour force reported being employed full-time, with 63.4 per cent of this workforce male. In comparison, of the 28.2 per cent of Queensland’s labour force who reported being employed part-time, 68.5 per cent were female, a drop from 69.4 per cent in 2006.

In 2011, less than one third (31.2 per cent) of the population aged 15 years and over reported not being in the labour force compared to 31.4 per cent in 2006. This represented an increase of 107,473 people who included retirees, students, and stay at home parents.

The number of people who reported being unemployed increased from 90,952 in 2006 to 131,800 people in 2011, an increase of 40,848 people.

There has also been a decline in the proportion of people who reported working 40 hours or more the week before Census night, from 47.8 per cent in 2006, to 45.8 per cent in 2011, a decrease of two percentage points.

Industry

Consistent with the national trend, Queensland has experienced a shift in its primary employment industry, with more people now reporting employment as doctors, nurses, dentists, physiotherapists, child care workers and aged care providers in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry than in the traditional Manufacturing and Retail industries.

The Queensland Health Care and Social Assistance industry accounts for 11.9 per cent of the State’s employment, an increase of 1.7 percentage points since 2006, while Retail Trade, which was the primary employment industry in Queensland in 2006, is now the second most reported industry of employment. It accounted for 10.7 per cent in 2011, a 0.9 percentage point decrease since 2006.

Construction (nine per cent) was the third most reported industry of employment in Queensland in 2011.

Occupation

In terms of occupation, the Queensland population were still working in the same top five occupations as in 2006: Professionals (18.9 per cent); Technicians and Trades Workers (14.9 per cent); Clerical and Administrative Workers (14.7 per cent); Managers (12 per cent); and Labourers (10.6 per cent).

However, Professionals showed the largest proportionate increase since 2006, from 17.1 per cent to 18.9 per cent, reflecting a faster rate of growth compared to other occupations. There was a slight decline in the proportion of people reporting the occupations of Clerical and Administrative Workers, Managers, Technician and Trades Workers and Labourers.

Of those who reported working as Technicians and Trades workers, 85.8 per cent were males, while of those who reported their occupation as Clerical and Administrative Workers, 79 per cent were females.

Method of travel to work

The latest Census data further revealed that people in Queensland still prefer to travel to work by car than any other means, with 67.3 per cent of the population reporting this as their primary method of travel to work (either as the driver or passenger).

While the household car is still the preferred method of travel to work for most people, the actual number of those who walked to work has increased from 72,983 in 2006 to 75,561 in 2011. However, the proportion of people who walked to work declined from four per cent in 2006 to 3.7 per cent in 2011 (reflecting a slower rate of growth compared to other forms of travel).

Highest level of education

Turning to education, there has been an increase in the proportion of people in Queensland undertaking additional studies, with increases in the number of people who reported completing Postgraduate and Bachelor Degrees, Graduate Diplomas and Graduate Certificates, Advanced Diplomas and Diplomas, and Certificates III/IV.

In 2011, there was a significant increase in number of people who reported completing a Postgraduate Degree. This increased from 60,399 in 2006 to 94,645.

There was significant growth in those who reported completing a Bachelor Degree as their highest level of education, from 309,327 in 2006 to 404,771 in 2011.

There has also been significant increase in number of those who reported completing a Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate as their highest level of education. This increased from 36,177 in 2006 to 49,477 in 2011.

Meanwhile, there has been a decline in number of people who reported Year 11 and below, including Certificate level I/II, as their highest level of education, from 1,041,162 in 2006 to 1,026,518 in 2011.

Fields of study

Engineering and Related Technologies (16.8 per cent) and Management and Commerce (16.6 per cent) were the two most commonly reported fields of study in 2011, as they were in 2006. The number of people reporting these fields of study increased between 2006 and 2011.

However, there has been a decline in the proportion of people who reported Engineering and Related Technologies (0.5 percentage point) and a proportionate increase in people who reported Management and Commerce (1.9 percentage points).

There have been increases in the proportions of people studying both Society and Culture (up from 8.2 per cent in 2006 to 9.6 per cent in 2011) and Health (up from 8.5 per cent to 9.3 per cent).

State and territory migration

Internal migration is the movement of people from one place of residence to another within Australia. These figures are traditionally used for infrastructure and community planning.

The latest figures from the 2011 Census have shown a continued decline in the proportion of people in Queensland who moved within the State in the five years prior to Census night. This is consistent with the national trend.

Just less than three-quarters (73.4 per cent) of Queensland residents who moved five years prior to Census night moved within the State, while there were 238,591 people (13.1 per cent) who moved to Queensland from overseas five years prior to 2011.

Of the Queensland residents who moved in the year prior the Census, most moved within the State (80.6 per cent), while 63,185 people (8.3 per cent) moved to Queensland from overseas in the year prior to the 2011 Census.

The Census collects information on where people lived, one year ago and five years ago prior to Census night. This information only reflects movements which coincide with these particular points in time, even though there may have been multiple movements during this period.