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8699.0 - Zoos, Parks and Gardens Industry, Australia, 1996-97  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/09/1998   
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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION
This publication presents results, in respect of the 1996-97 financial year, from the first Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) census of organisations engaged in the operation of zoological gardens and aquaria, botanic gardens, and national and recreational parks.

The scope of the census was all employing businesses and statutory authorities classified to Class 9231, Zoological and Botanic Gardens and Class 9239, Recreational Parks and Gardens of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC). In addition, the botanic gardens, national parks and recreational parks and gardens activities of Commonwealth, State and local government authorities were included in the census even though these organisations are defined to another class of ANZSIC.

The publication has three parts, the first part presents data about zoological gardens and aquaria, the second about botanic gardens and the third national parks and recreational parks and gardens.

The publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 1996-97 covering cultural industries, which were partially funded by the Cultural Ministers' Council. Other publications in this series are:

  • Commercial Art Galleries, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8651.0)
  • Film and Video Production and Distribution, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8679.0)
  • Libraries and Museums, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8649.0)
  • Motion Picture Exhibition, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8654.0)
  • Performing Arts Industry, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8697.0)
  • Radio and Television Services, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8680.0)
  • Sound Recording Studios, Australia, 1996-97 (Cat. no. 8555.0)

    The ABS welcomes comments and suggestions from users recommending industries and data items for inclusion in future service industries surveys. These comments should be addressed to:

    The Director, Service Industries Surveys, PO Box 10, Belconnen, ACT, 2616.



1. ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS AND AQUARIA

INTRODUCTION

This part of the publication presents information about zoological gardens and aquaria. The information relates to employing private sector businesses and statutory authorities whose main activity was the operation of a zoological garden or aquarium. These businesses and organisations are classified to Class 9231 (Zoological and Botanic Gardens) of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification.

SIZE OF INDUSTRY

At the end of June 1997, there were 65 businesses in this industry comprising 53 zoological gardens and 12 aquaria. These businesses operated from 69 separate locations covering an area of 3,631 hectares.




1.1 KEY AGGREGATES
Value

Organisations at end June
Zoological gardens (no.)
53
Aquaria (no.)
12
Total (no.)
65
Locations at end June (no.)
69
Hectares at end June (ha)
3 631
Paid admissions ('000)
7 979
Employment at end June
Full-time (no.)
1 268
Part-time (no.)
677
Total (no.)
1 946
Volunteers during month of June (no.)
1 591
Income
Admissions income ($m)
69.2
Other income ($m)
73.2
Total ($m)
142.4
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
57.8
Other expenses ($m)
69.1
Total ($m)
126.9
Operating surplus ($m)
16.3
Industry gross product ($m)
74.4


2. BOTANIC GARDENS

INTRODUCTION
This part of the publication presents information about botanic gardens, herbaria and arboreta. The information relates to employing businesses and statutory authorities whose main activity was the operation of a botanic garden, herbarium or arboretum. These businesses and organisations are classified to Class 9231 (Zoological and Botanic Gardens) of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

In addition, botanic garden activities of local government authorities which employ staff to operate and maintain botanic gardens were included in the survey, even though local government authorities are defined to another class of ANZSIC. However, non-employing businesses and organisations operating botanic gardens were excluded from this survey.


SIZE OF INDUSTRY
At the end of June 1997, there were 53 employing organisations operating botanic gardens. These organisations operated 92 separate locations, of which 64 were mainly botanic gardens, 8 were arboreta and 20 were herbaria.

The operations of these organisations covered an area of 2,971 hectares, of which 2,905 hectares were botanic gardens and 66 hectares were arboreta. The average area per location was 41 hectares, with the 6 largest botanic gardens (i.e. those employing 50 or more persons) averaging 75 hectares per location.


2.1 KEY AGGREGATES
Value

Organisations at end June
53
Locations at end June
Botanic gardens (no.)
64
Arboreta (no.)
8
Herbaria (no.)
20
Total (no.)
92
Hectares at end June
Botanic gardens (ha)
2 905
Arboreta (ha)
66
Total (ha)
2 971
Employment at end June
Full-time (no.)
948
Part-time (no.)
182
Total (no.)
1 129
Income
Government funding ($m)
70.9
Other income ($m)
11.8
Total ($m)
82.6
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
40.7
Other expenses ($m)
29.5
Total ($m)
70.2
Industry gross product ($m)
48.2


3. NATIONAL PARKS AND RECREATIONAL PARKS AND GARDENS

INTRODUCTION
This part of the publication presents information about national parks and recreational parks and gardens. The information relates to employing private sector businesses and statutory authorities whose main activity was the operation of parks and gardens such as flora and fauna reserves, national parks, tourist caves or wild-life sanctuaries. These businesses and organisations are classified to Class 9239 (Recreational Parks and Gardens) of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

In addition, some Commonwealth and State government departments and local government authorities also employ staff to operate and maintain parks and gardens and these organisations were included in the survey even though they are defined to another class of ANZSIC.


SIZE OF INDUSTRY
At the end of June 1997, there were 684 private and government organisations operating national parks and recreational parks and gardens. These organisations operated 462 individual national parks, 52,164 separate recreational parks and gardens, 270 wildlife sanctuaries, 42 tourist caves and 24 marine parks at the end of June 1997.

The operations of these organisations covered an area of 72 million hectares. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park accounted for 34 million hectares of this total area. Of the remaining 38 million hectares, national parks comprised 26 million hectares (i.e. 56,000 hectares per national park).



3.1 KEY AGGREGATES
Value

Organisations at end June
684
Locations at end June
National parks (no.)
462
Recreational parks and gardens (no.)
52 164
Wildlife sanctuaries (no.)
270
Tourist caves (no.)
42
Marine parks (no.)
24
Total (no.)
52 963
Hectares at end June
National parks (ha)
25 964 351
Recreational parks and gardens (ha)
3 386 354
Wildlife sanctuaries (ha)
81 970
Tourist caves (ha)
8 454
Marine parks (ha)
42 605 725
Total (ha)
72 046 854
Employment at end June
Full-time (no.)
15 035
Part-time (no.)
1 611
Total (no.)
16 646
Volunteers during month of June (no.)
10 679
Income
Government funding ($m)
1 197.4
Other income ($m)
149.5
Total ($m)
1 346.9
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
528.3
Other expenses ($m)
591.6
Total ($m)
1 119.9
Industry gross product ($m)
542.9


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