Healthcare and Social Assistance our largest industry

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MEDIA RELEASE
23 October 2017
129/2017

Healthcare and Social Assistance our largest industry



The Health Care and Social Assistance industry was the largest industry by employment in the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, reveals latest data.

The industry, spanning sectors such as hospitals, GPs and aged and child care, grew by around 16 per cent. The industry now accounts for 12.6 per cent of Australia’s working population, increasing from 11.6 per cent in 2011 and 10.5 per cent in 2006.

Although the number of overall employees fell slightly, Retail Trade was our second largest industry in the Census, followed by Education and Training.

The Accommodation and Food Services industry also saw impressive growth of around 14 per cent over the past five years.

Census Program Manager, Bindi Kindermann said the data released today painted a picture of the changing face of Australia’s dominant industries.

“The Health Care and Social Assistance industry, which took over as our most commonly reported industry of employment in 2011, goes from strength to strength,” Ms Kindermann said.

“Conversely, the Manufacturing industry has shown a decline in numbers since 2011 with a decline of 24 per cent in the five years to 2016.”

The Health Care and Social Assistance industry was the largest in each of our six states with Tasmania and South Australia – the two states with the highest median ages – recording the largest proportions of the working population employed in the industry at 14.2 per cent and 14.8 per cent respectively.

Following a boom in employment between the 2006 and 2011 Censuses, the Mining industry has still seen a little growth, with the 2016 Census revealing a 0.6 per cent increase in counts.

The change in size of employment in different industries also had some relationship to changes in the numbers of men and women in the labour force, Ms Kindermann said.

“Some of the traditionally male-dominated industries such as manufacturing and mining have shown little growth or some reductions in the workforce, while some of the fastest-growing fields such as health care, social assistance and education have large numbers of female workers,” Ms Kindermann said.

“Alongside this, we are seeing the proportion of men in employment decrease over time while for women it is increasing.”

Census data also offers some fascinating insight into the ages of workers in certain industries, particularly Australia’s aging Agricultural sector.

The Census found that 37 per cent of workers in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry are aged 55 or over, the most of any industry, followed by Transport, Postal and Warehousing (25 per cent) and Education and Training (23 per cent).

At the other end of the age scale, 55 per cent of workers in the Accommodation and Food Services industry are under 30, the most of any industry, followed by Retail Trade (42 per cent) and Arts and Recreation Services (37 per cent).

Ms Kindermann says 2016 Census data provides an invaluable insight into Australia’s working population and is an incredibly useful tool for Australia moving forward over the next five years and beyond.

“This latest Census release shows how and where we work as well as important information relating to internal migration, education and method of travel to work."

Census data is available free online. Use one of our easy tools such as QuickStats and Community Profiles to access the latest data for your area or topic of interest.



INDUSTRY OF WORK


Employed persons – by Industry
2016
2011
Growth (%)

Health Care and Social Assistance
1,351,015
1,167,633
15.7%
Retail Trade
1,053,816
1,057,309
-0.3%
Education and Training
925,895
804,419
15.1%
Construction
911,056
828,910
9.9%
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
775,978
730,062
6.3%
Accommodation and Food Services
738,231
650,396
13.5%
Public Administration and Safety
713,135
689,929
3.4%
Manufacturing
683,688
902,829
-24.3%
Transport, Postal and Warehousing
499,491
479,181
4.2%
Financial and Insurance Services
384,608
377,352
1.9%
Administrative and Support Services
365,731
323,779
13.0%
Wholesale Trade
307,741
403,800
-23.8%
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
266,946
249,827
6.9%
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services
182,151
158,853
14.7%
Information Media and Telecommunications
179,521
178,190
0.7%
Mining
177,647
176,560
0.6%
Arts and Recreation Services
176,667
151,575
16.6%
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services
115,753
115,608
0.1%
Other Services
399,635
378,217
5.7%

* Other Services includes Repair and Maintenance, Personal Care and Religious Services


Highest growth sub-categories (3 digit level)
2016
2011
Growth

School Education
556,395
467,373
89,022
Cafes, Restaurants and Takeaway Food Services
480,565
412,804
67,761
Hospitals
420,111
361,011
59,100
Residential Care Services
228,940
184,771
44,169
Medical Services
136,315
100,245
36,070

* Excludes “not further defined” categories and industries with fewer than 1000 people


Highest growth sub-categories (3 digit level) – per cent growth
2016
2011
Growth (%)

Data Processing, Web Hosting and Electronic Information Storage Services
7,839
2,740
186.1%
Warehousing and Storage Services
42,503
22,644
87.7%
Preschool Education
42,760
22,842
87.2%
Nursery and Floriculture Production
11,561
7,066
63.6%
Regulatory Services
12,039
7,488
60.8%

* Excludes “not further defined” categories and industries with fewer than 1000 people



Leading industry – by State
Industry
Per cent share of working population

New South Wales
Health Care and Social Assistance
12.5%
Victoria
Health Care and Social Assistance
12.5%
Queensland
Health Care and Social Assistance
13.0%
South Australia
Health Care and Social Assistance
14.8%
Western Australia
Health Care and Social Assistance
11.7%
Tasmania
Health Care and Social Assistance
14.2%
Northern Territory
Public Administration and Safety
18.1%
Australian Capital Territory
Public Administration and Safety
30.8%

* Includes “Inadequately described” and “Not stated”



Top 5 Employed persons – by Industry – male / female

2016
Male
Female
2011
Male
Female

Health Care and Social Assistance
1,351,015
21.5%
78.5%
1,167,633
21.0%
79.0%
Retail Trade
1,053,816
43.0%
57.0%
1,057,309
42.2%
57.8%
Education and Training
925,895
28.7%
71.3%
804,419
29.9%
70.1%
Construction
911,056
87.0%
13.0%
828,910
86.8%
13.2%
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
775,978
55.0%
45.0%
730,062
55.4%
44.6%