8111.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations, Australia, 2014 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 17/05/2016   
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HIGHER EDUCATION RESOURCES DEVOTED TO RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT (R&D)

During the 2014 calendar year, higher education expenditure on R&D (HERD) was $10,145 million. This represents an increase of $535 million (6%) from $9,610 million in 2012.

HIGHER EDUCATION EXPENDITURE ON R&D, summary statistics: values and proportions

EXPENDITURE ON R&D
PROPORTION OF TOTAL EXPENDITURE ON R&D
2012
2014
2012
2014
$m
$m
%
%

Type of expenditure
Capital expenditure
Land, buildings and other structures
732
549
7.6
5.4
Other capital expenditure
299
283
3.1
2.8
Total(a)
1 031
832
10.7
8.2
Current expenditure
Labour costs
3 890
4 310
40.5
42.5
Scholarships
609
737
6.3
7.3
Other current expenditure
4 079
4 266
42.5
42.0
Total(a)
8 579
9 313
89.3
91.8
Total expenditure on R&D(a)
9 610
10 145
100.0
100.0

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.


In 2014, HERD showed an increase of 6% in current price terms from 2012, and 0.1% in chain volume terms.

HIGHER EDUCATION RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D

2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014

Expenditure on R&D
Current prices $m
4 327
5 434
6 844
8 161
9 610
10 145
Chain volume measures(a) $m
6 099
7 104
8 281
9 141
10 132
10 145
Human resources devoted to R&D PYE
55 204
58 905
61 773
69 392
74 669
78 038

(a) The reference year for chain volume measures is 2014. See Explanatory Notes for details.

Subsequent expenditure figures and supporting commentary relate to current price terms.


HERD and Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

HERD as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) stayed the same for 2012 and 2014 at 0.63%.

Graph: HERD, as a proportion of GDP increased from 2004 to 2012 and stayed the same from 2012 to 2014.



Human resources devoted to R&D by Australian higher education institutions totalled 78,038 person years of effort (PYE) in 2014. This is an increase of 3,369 PYE (5%) from 74,669 PYE in 2012.


HIGHER EDUCATION HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D, summary statistics: values and proportions

HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D
PROPORTIONS OF HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D
2012
2014
2012
2014
PYE
PYE
%
%

Type of resources
Academic staff
Other staff
Postgraduate students
23 305
8 897
42 467
23 710
9 510
44 819
31.2
11.9
56.9
30.4
12.2
57.4
Total human resource devoted to R&D(a)
74 669
78 038
100.0
100.0

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.