Australian Bureau of Statistics

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1332.0.55.002 - Statistical Language!, 2008  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/06/2008  First Issue
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Contents >> Data >> Definitions


Data are observations or facts which once collected, organised and evaluated, become information or knowledge. Data can take various forms, but is often numerical.

A data item is the smallest piece of information that can be obtained from a survey.

A variable is something measurable that is expected to either change over time or between individual observations. A variable can have any number of data items that relate to a specific measurement.

A data set is a collection of data items relating to a number of chosen variables.

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