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NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION
Net interstate migration can be a source of population gain or loss for a state. In the year ended 30 June 2011, it was a source of population loss for New South Wales, South Australia, the Northern Territory and Tasmania, with net losses of 13,200 persons, 2,600 persons, 2,500 persons and 50 persons respectively. Those states and territories where NIM contributed positively to population growth were Queensland (7,200 persons), Western Australia (6,200 persons), Victoria (3,800 persons), and the Australian Capital Territory (1,400 persons).
Over the decade ending June 2011, Queensland consistently recorded an annual NIM gain from the rest of the country. However, over the last 10 years the gain in NIM has gradually declined. In 2002-03, Queensland gained 38,000 persons compared with a net gain of 7,200 persons in 2010-11.
Western Australia recorded an average net gain in the past 10 years due to the gains recorded from 2003-04 onwards; gains which ranged between 2,000 persons in 2009-10 to 6,200 persons in 2010-11. In the first two years of the past decade, NIM losses ranging between 2,000 persons and 3,600 persons were recorded in Western Australia.
Tasmania's NIM fluctuated throughout the past decade with slightly more net gains than net losses. Tasmania experienced high net losses in the first year of the past decade and in 2006-07. Since 2002-03, Tasmania has generally had more positive flows into the state.
The remaining states and territories recorded NIM losses with New South Wales recording the largest annual average net loss (23,300 persons) followed by South Australia (3,000 persons), the Northern Territory (740 persons), Victoria (320 persons) and the Australian Capital Territory (100 persons).