11.5 TRANSPORT & STORAGE TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
Total employment in this industry has shown an upward trend between 1985-86 and 2005-06, with employment growth accelerating significantly since 2002-03 (figure 11.5). There has been substantial employment growth in storage and increases in part-time employment across all divisions. The increase in employment in the storage sector has been particularly significant, with employee numbers doubling between 2002-03 and 2005-06.
The trend towards lower average working hours per employee in many Australian industries has not occurred to any significant extent in the Transport & storage industry (ABS 2007a). However, the industry does have one of the lowest percentages of part time employees, although this percentage has increased. Part-time employees represented just 2% of the workforce in 1985-86, increasing to 8% by 2005-06. The compositional effect of an increase in part-time employees was offset by an increase in average working hours for full-time employees. Average hours per week for all employees increased marginally from 38 to 38.7.
Between 1985-86 and 2005-06 there were changes in the composition of employment at the industry subdivision level. The proportion of persons employed in rail transport decreased, while the proportion of persons employed by the road transport subdivision increased (figure 11.6). There has also been a significant increase in employment in the storage subdivision. These changes in employment may have an effect on overall productivity growth as different subdivisions will have different levels of productivity.
11.6 TRANSPORT & STORAGE EMPLOYMENT BY SUBDIVISION