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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/02/2004   
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Contents >> Energy >> International trade in energy products

Australia is a net exporter of coal, LPG, natural gas and uranium. In 2000-01, a total of 11,627 PJ of Australian energy products were exported, comprising 11 458 PJ of primary energy and 170 PJ of derived energy (table 17.11). In terms of energy content, the largest contributors were black coal (47% of total energy exports) and uranium (39%). Crude oil and natural gas contributed 8% and 4%, respectively. Total energy exports (primary plus derived) increased by 121% between 1989-90 and 2000-01. Over this period, exports of primary energy products grew rapidly, particularly uranium (up 161%) and black coal (up 86%). The major derived energy products exported in 2000-01 were aviation turbine fuel (27.8 PJ), diesel (49 PJ) and automotive gasoline (44 PJ).

In contrast, imports of energy products are small (1,190 PJ in 2000-01). Australia is a net importer of crude oil, importing over 1,000 PJ in 2000-01, up 126% since 1989-90. Graph 17.12 shows the sharp contrast between exports of energy products from and imports of these products into Australia over more than 25 years.

17.11 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Volume of exports and imports

Exports
Imports


1989-90
1995-96
2000-01
1989-90
1995-96
2000-01
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ

Primary energy products
Black coal
2,965.6
3,947.7
5,517.6
-
-
-
Crude oil and ORF(a)
266.5
403.3
889.6
449.0
917.3
1,019.5
LPG
52.6
38.9
71.6
2.2
10.5
16.3
Natural gas
109.3
407.0
409.6
-
-
-
Uranium
1,749.8
2,484.4
4,569.3
-
-
-
Total
5,143.8
7,281.3
11,457.7
451.2
927.8
1,035.8
Derived energy products
Automotive gasoline
7.2
38.6
44.1
54.5
14.4
40.7
Aviation gasoline
2.8
2.3
0.9
0.3
0.0
0.0
Aviation turbine fuel
19.9
20.3
27.8
8.6
11.1
14.3
ADO and IDF(b)
29.3
46.4
49.3
39.8
42.9
43.6
Fuel oil and kerosene
18.8
25.9
29.1
46.9
28.6
33.2
Other petroleum products(c)
19.5
26.3
18.0
24.3
18.9
22.4
Briquettes
0.7
2.2
0.0
-
-
-
Coke
15.5
11.4
0.5
-
-
-
Total
113.7
173.4
169.7
174.4
115.9
154.2
Total
5,257.5
7,454.7
11,627.4
625.6
1,043.7
1,190.0

(a) Other refinery feedstock.
(b) Automotive diesel oil and industrial diesel fuel.
(c) Also includes lubricants and greases, bitumen and other bitumous products, solvents, waste oils and diesel.
Source: ABARE, electronic datasets 2001, Table N.

Graph - 17.12 Exports and imports of energy products (PJ)

Table 17.13 shows that the large volumes of exported energy products contributed significantly to Australia's export earnings. The export of energy products contributed about 21% towards Australia's total export earnings in 2001-02, up from 18% in 1993-94. Black coal accounts for by far the largest share of the total value of energy exports (52.2%), followed by crude oil (25.2%) and liquid natural gas (10.3%). Uranium contributes only 1.4% of the total value of energy exports. Imports of energy products (mainly crude oil) made up only 7.5% of the total value of imports in 2001-02. It is important to emphasise that although the quantity of energy exports (by energy yield) has increased by 65% from 1993-94 to 2001-02, the value of energy exports increased by 126%, a key factor of which is the decline of the Australian dollar relative to the US dollar in that period, decreasing by 28% from US$0.73 in 1993-94 to US$0.52 by 2001-02.

17.13 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Value of exports and imports

Exports
Imports


1993-94
1997-98
2001-02
1993-94
1997-98
2001-02
Fuel
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Black coal(a)
7,161
9,531
13,323
-
-
-
Crude oil and ORF(b)
1,424
2,251
6,422
2,803
3,697
7,454
LPG
138
367
720
19
68
117
LNG
1,047
1,599
2,636
-
-
-
Uranium
193
288
361
-
-
-
Automotive gasoline
172
304
405
750
93
450
Diesel fuel(c)
210
270
315
153
149
413
Other refinery products
964
1,079
1,321
392
431
596
Total
11,309
15,689
25,503
4,117
4,437
9,030
Total trade in goods and services
64,548
87,768
121,176
64,470
90,684
119,681

(a) Coking plus steaming.
(b) Other refinery feedstock.
(c) Includes automotive diesel oil and industrial and marine diesel fuel.
Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


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