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Table 6.22 shows the number and proportion of people leaving and entering industries during the year ended February 2002. While the net movement in the size of most industries was not large, some industries experienced more significant gross movements with a high proportion of people leaving and arriving in the industry during the year. Overall, 14.8% of persons employed at February 2002 arrived in the industry in which they were working during the year. The majority of these (61%) were not working at February 2001 and the remainder had changed jobs to enter the industry. Of persons employed at February 2001, 12.4% left the industry in which they were employed during the year. A little over half of these were not working at February 2002, and the remainder had left the industry when changing jobs during the year.
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants had the highest movements in both people entering and leaving the industry. Over one-quarter (26.6%) of persons working in the industry in February 2002 were new to the industry. Conversely, 20.0% of persons working in the industry in February 2001 were no longer working in the industry in February 2002. Retail trade also had high gross movements in people entering and leaving the industry during the year (19.7% and 15.7%, respectively).
The industries with the lowest proportion of people entering the industry during the year were Agriculture, forestry and fishing (9.4%), Education (9.9%) and Government administration (10.8%). Education also had one of the smallest proportions of people leaving the industry during the year (9.2%). Other industries which had only a low proportion of people leaving the industry during the year were Health and community services (8.0%), and Construction (9.2%).
Duration of current job
Nearly one-quarter (24.0%) of persons working at February 2002 had been in their current job for 10 years or more, and 22.9% had worked in their current job for less than one year. The remaining 53% had been in their job for between one and ten years.
The period of strong economic growth in the late 1980s was accompanied by strong growth in employment and corresponding increases in the proportion of people working in their current jobs for shorter durations (under two years). At the onset of recession in the early-1990s, the proportion of people who were in their jobs for short durations fell significantly. Between 1990 and 1992 the proportion of people who had been in their job for less than one year fell by 6.9 percentage points to 19.6%. Corresponding to this, the proportion of people who had been in their current job for 2-5 years increased by 5.1 percentage points and the proportion employed in their current job for 5-10 years increased by 2.3 percentage points.
Since 1992, the proportion of people who have been in their current job for less than one year has increased, but has not reached the same proportions as experienced in 1988 and 1990. The proportion of people who have been in their current job for 10 years or more has remained fairly constant, ranging between 23.6% and 24.0% (graph 6.23).
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