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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003   
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Contents >> Service Industries >> Hospitality industries

Accommodation

The accommodation industry, an important part of the tourism and hospitality sector, consists of hotels, motels, caravan parks and similar businesses mainly engaged in providing short-term accommodation. It excludes those hotels that provide short-term accommodation, but whose main activity is selling alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.

At 30 June 2001, there were 5,884 employing businesses in the accommodation industry, operating 6,525 separate accommodation establishments (table 21.7). These establishments included 2,279 motel establishments, 1,417 caravan parks/camping grounds, 652 licensed hotels, 543 serviced apartment establishments, 504 visitor hostels and 239 bed and breakfast establishments.

At 30 June 2001, the accommodation industry had employment of 106,051 persons, an increase of 12% on the figure at 30 June 1998. Casual employees (45,866) accounted for 43% of total employment at 30 June 2001.

In 2000-01, the total income received by businesses in the accommodation industry was $8,286m, of which, $5,001m (60%) was received from takings for accommodation. In addition, $1,393m (17%) was received from takings for meals and $613m (7%) from the sale of liquor and other beverages.

Total expenses for the accommodation industry in 2000-01 were $7,680m. Labour costs ($2,739m) was the largest expenditure item, accounting for 36% of total expenses. Other major expenses for the industry were purchases ($1,017m), rent, leasing and hiring expenses ($682m), interest expenses ($513m) and depreciation and amortisation ($410m).

Both total income and total expenses of the accommodation industry increased by 26% during the period 1997-98 to 2000-01.

The industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $620m for the 2000-01 financial year, representing an operating profit margin of 8.1%.


21.7 ACCOMMODATION INDUSTRY

Units
1997-98
2000-01

Businesses at 30 June
no.
5,640
5,884
Employment at 30 June
persons
94,348
106,051
Income
Takings from accommodation
$m
4,024.9
5,000.7
Takings from meals
$m
1,124.1
1,393.3
Sale of liquor and other beverages
$m
509.2
612.8
Other income
$m
936.3
1,279.6
Total
$m
6,594.5
8,286.4
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
1,987.4
2,738.9
Purchases of foodstuffs for use in preparing meals
$m
412.1
483.9
Purchases of liquor and other beverages
$m
200.8
240.6
Other expenses
$m
3,509.8
4,216.5
Total
$m
6,110.1
7,679.8
Operating profit before tax
$m
492.2
619.7
Operating profit margin
%
7.9
8.1

Source: Accommodation Industry, Australia (8695.0).


Clubs, pubs, taverns and bars

Along with the accommodation industry, the clubs, pubs, taverns and bars industries are important elements of the tourism and hospitality sector. The clubs industry covers businesses mainly engaged in the provision of hospitality services to members, while the pubs, taverns and bars industry covers businesses which mainly sell alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.

At 30 June 2001, there were 2,911 organisations in the hospitality clubs industry, a decrease of 8% in the three years since June 1998 (table 21.8). These organisations employed 64,990 persons at 30 June 2001, comprising 34,020 permanent staff and 30,970 casual staff. The major occupations of employees in the hospitality clubs industry were bar managers and bar staff (23,544 persons), catering staff (11,145 persons) and gaming staff and cashiers (10,141 persons).

The total income for organisations in the hospitality clubs industry was $6,297m in 2000-01, with gambling income of $3,835m being the main source of income, representing 61% of total industry income. Other major sources of income for the industry were the sale of liquor and other beverages of $1,407m (22% of industry income) and takings from the sale of meals and food of $547m (9% of industry income).

In 2000-01, the hospitality clubs industry incurred total expenses of $5,925m, with labour costs being the most significant at $1,777m, representing 30% of total expenses.

There were 4,003 businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry at 30 June 2001, a 12% decrease since June 1998 when there were 4,540 businesses operating. Despite the decrease in businesses, employment increased by 7% from 78,654 persons in June 1998 to 84,158 persons in June 2001.

Total income for the industry in 2000-01 was $9,007m. The major sources of income were from the sale of liquor and other beverages ($5,682m) and gambling income ($2,121m). Gambling income increased by 64% over the 1997-98 figure of $1,296m.

Total expenses of businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry were $8,344m, with the main items of expenditure being purchases of liquor and other beverages of $3,270m and labour costs of $1,776m.

For 2000-01, the operating profit before tax for the industry was $709m, which represented an operating profit margin of 7.9%, a slight decrease on the operating profit margin of 8.3% recorded for 1997-98.


21.8 CLUBS (HOSPITALITY) AND PUBS, TAVERNS AND BARS INDUSTRIES

Units
1997-98
2000-01

CLUBS (HOSPITALITY)

Businesses at 30 June
no.
3,168
2,911
Employment at 30 June
persons
63,375
64,990
Income
Sales of meals and alcohol and other beverages
$m
1,975.3
1,953.5
Takings from gambling
$m
3,095.7
3,835.2
Other
$m
632.5
508.4
Total
$m
5,703.5
6,297.1
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
1,517.8
1,777.0
Poker/gaming machine and other gambling taxes and levies
$m
691.2
770.7
Purchases
$m
1,031.3
998.0
Other
$m
1,941.1
2,378.9
Total
$m
5,181.5
5,924.6
Operating profit before tax
$m
530.6
374.4
Operating profit margin
%
9.4
6.1

PUBS, TAVERNS AND BARS

Businesses at 30 June
no.
4,540
4,003
Employment at 30 June
persons
78,654
84,158
Income
Sales of meals and alcohol and other beverages
$m
6,280.0
6,507.4
Takings from gambling
$m
1,295.6
2,121.3
Other
$m
379.8
378.5
Total
$m
7,955.4
9,007.2
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
1,411.9
1,776.4
Poker/gaming machine and other gambling taxes and levies
$m
346.2
590.3
Purchases
$m
3,681.0
3,807.7
Other
$m
1,882.9
2,169.5
Total
$m
7,322.0
8,343.9
Operating profit before tax
$m
657.6
708.7
Operating profit margin
%
8.3
7.9

Source: Clubs, Pubs, Taverns and Bars, Australia (8687.0).


Cafes and restaurants

Another important industry in the hospitality sector is the cafes and restaurants industry. This includes businesses mainly engaged in operating cafes and restaurants for consumption of meals on the premises and businesses mainly engaged in catering services. Businesses mainly engaged in selling takeaway food are excluded.

At 30 June 1999 there were 12,845 employing businesses in the cafes and restaurants industry (table 21.9). These businesses operated at 14,199 locations, comprising 4,552 licensed cafes and restaurants, 1,891 licensed and BYO cafes and restaurants, 2,748 BYO cafes and restaurants and 3,291 unlicensed cafes and restaurants. In addition, there were 1,716 locations operated by catering businesses. At 30 June 1999 the cafes and restaurants in the industry had 1,057,100 seats available for consuming food on the premises, which represented an average of 85 seats per cafe and restaurant location.

During 1998-99, businesses in the cafes and restaurants industry generated $7,174m in income. Over half of this income (55%) was generated from sales of meals consumed on the premises. Sales of beverages accounted for a further $1,117m (16%) while catering services generated $1,265m (18%) of total income.

Total expenses of businesses in the industry during 1998-99 were $6,805m. The two largest expense items were purchases ($2,917m) and labour costs ($2,109m), which represented 43% and 31% respectively of total expenses.

During 1998-99, the industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $334m, representing an operating profit margin of 4.8%. The operating profit before tax (excluding caterers) represented an annual return per available seat of $251.

At 30 June 1999 total employment in the cafes and restaurants industry was 152,107 persons, of whom 63,093 (41%) were waiters and waitresses. Just over half (51%) of persons working in the industry were casuals, which was reflected in the average labour cost per employee of $15,000.


21.9 CAFES AND RESTAURANTS INDUSTRY - 1998-99

Units
Value

Businesses at 30 June
Licensed cafes and restaurants
no.
4,197
Licensed and BYO cafes and restaurants
no.
1,801
BYO cafes and restaurants
no.
2,668
Unlicensed cafes and restaurants
no.
2,861
Catering businesses
no.
1,318
Total
no.
12,845
Employment at 30 June
Waiters/waitresses
persons
63,093
Kitchen hands
persons
25,655
Managers/supervisors
persons
18,025
Chefs/cooks
persons
28,893
Other
persons
16,441
Total
persons
152,107
Income
Takings from meals consumed on the premises
$m
3,947.7
Takings from take-away food
$m
444.6
Takings from beverages
$m
1,117.2
Takings from catering services
$m
1,264.7
Other income
$m
400.0
Total
$m
7,174.3
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
2,109.4
Purchases
$m
2,917.2
Rent of land, buildings and other structures
$m
504.0
Other expenses
$m
1,274.6
Total
$m
6,805.2
Operating profit before tax
$m
334.2
Operating profit margin
%
4.8

Source: Cafes and Restaurants Industry, Australia, 1998-99 (8655.0).


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