Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003
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The concept of cancer control recognises that, while it may not be possible to eradicate cancer, its impact and burden on the community can be reduced. Eight cancers have been targeted in this NHPA - lung cancer, melanoma, non-melanocytic skin cancer, colorectal cancer, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer and cancer of the cervix. In 1996 cancer was estimated to be responsible for 19% of the total burden of disease in Australia (AIHW 2000a).
The National Cancer Statistics Clearing House, within the AIHW, reported that 80,864 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in 1998. Of these, 43,595 were males and 37,269 were females - an age-standardised cancer incidence rate (age-standardised to the 1991 Australian Population Standard) of 475 for males and 346 for females per 100,000 persons. This equates to a lifetime risk of one in three males and one in four females being directly affected by cancer (AIHW 2001a). This statistic excludes approximately 270,000 annual diagnoses of non-melanocytic skin cancers, which are the most common form of cancer in Australia, but for which data are not collected routinely by cancer registries.
Survival from cancer depends on a number of factors, including whether the cancer is fast or slow growing, its metastatic characteristics, its stage at diagnosis, the availability of appropriate treatment and other co-morbidities. The AIHW estimated that for the period 1992-97, the five-year relative survival rates for cancer were 57% for males and 63% for females (AIHW 2001b).
In 2000, malignant neoplasms (cancer) accounted for 35,628 deaths, which was 28% of all deaths registered. There were 20,153 male deaths and 15,475 female deaths due to cancer. Overall, cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung was the leading cause of cancer deaths (6,878 deaths), accounting for 19% of all cancer deaths. Among males, the leading causes of cancer deaths were cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung (23% of all male cancer deaths), prostate cancer (12%) and colon cancer (9%). Among females the leading causes of cancer deaths were breast cancer (16% of all female cancer deaths), cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung (14%) and colon cancer (10%). Age-specific death rates for cancer increased markedly with age, and were generally greater for males than for females, apart from age groups between 25 and 54 when female deaths from breast cancer tend to occur most frequently.
This page last updated 23 January 2006
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