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Recorded Crime - Offenders (cat no. 4519.0) presents statistics about the characteristics of alleged offenders who were proceeded against by police during the period 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010, for all states and territories. This includes information about the most serious offence, referred to as the principal offence, associated with an alleged offender. Statistics are also presented on the number of police proceedings that police initiated in the form of court and non-court actions during 2009-10 for all states and territories except Western Australia.
The scope of the collection includes all alleged offenders, aged 10 years and over, who have been proceeded against by police during the reference period.
All criminal offences where police agencies have the authority to take legal action against an individual are included, with the exception of those outlined below. Depending on the type of offence committed, police will either initiate a court or non-court action. Court actions largely comprise the laying of charges against an alleged offender that must be answered in court. Offenders may be taken into custody, granted bail or issued with a summons for these charges pending an appearance in court. The proceeding may also be withdrawn or changed from a court to a non-court action. Non-court actions comprise legal actions such as informal or formal cautions/warnings, conferencing, counselling, drug diversionary schemes, or the issuing of penalty or infringement notices, which do not require an appearance in court.
Offences are classified to divisions of the Australian Standard Offence Classification (ASOC), second edition 2008. Specifically the following offence types are included in the collection:
The Recorded Crime - Offenders collection is conducted annually for offenders who were proceeded against and recorded by police during the period 1 July to 30 June. Information from future cycles of the collection are expected to be released within 8 months of the reference period.
National offender statistics are compiled in order to maximise comparability across states and territories. The collection has been designed to facilitate comparisons of states and territories though the application of common national statistical standards and counting rules. However, some legislative and processing differences remain which may include different recording practices, legislation or policy across the various jurisdictions to combat particular types of crime. Further information about such differences for each state and territory, where relevant, are available in the Explanatory Notes section of the publication.
Due to differing scope and counting rules, the data in the Recorded Crime - Offenders publication are not strictly comparable to data published in other national and state/territory publications, many of which deal with reported offences, rather than offenders, however broad comparisons can still be made.
The collection uses the ASOC (2008) to classify offence types and applies a set of national counting rules to establish the number of offenders and police proceedings.
A number of legislative and administrative system changes have occurred over time and the statistical impact of these changes is detailed in the Explanatory Notes.
The Recorded Crime - Offender publication contains detailed Explanatory Notes, Appendices and Glossary that provide information on the data sources, counting rules, terminology, classifications and other technical aspects associated with these statistics.
Please refer to the Downloads tab for the products that are available for free from this collection.
If the required information is not available from the publication or data cubes, the National Centre for Crime and Justice Statistics within the ABS may be able to help you with a customised service to suit your needs. Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
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