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8686.0 - Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/10/2002   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


INTRODUCTION

This publication presents results, in respect of the 2000-01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of organisations mainly involved in sports and physical recreation activities. In terms of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), these organisations are classified to ANZSIC Group 931 (Sport), which includes the following industry classes:

  • Horse and dog racing
  • Sports grounds and facilities n.e.c., and
  • Sports and services to sport n.e.c.

In addition, the survey included general government organisations with sports and physical recreation involvement (ANZSIC group 811).

While statistics are available on request for these ANZSIC classes, this publication presents statistics based on the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC). These classifications were released in 2001 and details are available in Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (cat. no. 4902.0). For the purposes of this publication, statistics are presented for the following ACLC industry classes. Definitions of these ACLC classes are shown in paragraph 10 of the Explanatory Notes.

311 Horse and dog racing

321 Health and fitness centres and gymnasia

322 Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities

331 Sports and physical recreation administrative organisations

332 Sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals

334 Sports and physical recreation support services (part).

Users should note that clubs mainly providing hospitality services (drinking facilities, gambling, meals and other hospitality services) are not included within the scope of this survey. These organisations were also surveyed in respect of 2000-01 and the clubs (hospitality) industry statistics are contained in Clubs, Pubs Taverns and Bars, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8687.0).

This publication has 7 chapters. Chapter 2 contains summary information for all sports and physical recreation organisations. Chapter 3 provides commentary and some financial data relating to the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee Limited and the treatment of these organisations in these industry statistics. The remaining 4 chapters contain detailed statistics for: Horse and dog racing industry (ACLC class 311) in Chapter 4; Sports and physical recreation venues industries (ACLC classes 321 and 322) in Chapter 5; Sports and physical recreation services industries (ACLC classes 331, 332 and 334) in Chapter 6; and Government organisations in Chapter 7.

Number of organisations

At the end of June 2001, there were 7,147 employing organisations involved in the provision of sports and physical recreation activities. These organisations included 6,517 in the sports and physical recreation industry classes outlined in Chapter 1 and 630 government organisations with some sports and physical recreation involvement (see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes for a more detailed definition). 'For profit' organisations accounted for 51% of the total employing organisations, while 'Not for profit' and government organisations accounted for 40% and 9% respectively.

Sports and physical recreation industries

During 2000-01, the total income of organisations in the sports and physical recreation industries was $7,737m, including the financial contribution from the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG) and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee Limited operations. Industries with the highest income were the other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities industry with total income of $3,563m, the sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals industry ($1,382m), the sports and physical recreation administrative organisations industry ($1,147) and the horse and dog racing industry ($1,136m).

Total expenses of these industries was $7,643m resulting in an operating profit before tax of $89m.

At the end of June 2001, total employment of the sports and physical recreation industries was 87,447 persons, of which only 30,547 were permanent employees. In addition, the industry had 178,837 volunteers during the month of June 2001.
The industry value added for the sports and physical recreation industries in 2000-01 was $1,942m.

Government organisations

During 2000-01, income of $730m was received by government organisations for the provision of sports and physical recreation activities. The majority (63%) of this income was received as operational and capital funding from government.

The 630 government organisations employed 10,820 persons, whose time was spent mainly on activities related to sports and physical recreation.

TABLE 2.2 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS - BY SECTOR(a)

Units
For profit
Not for profit
Government organisations
Total

Businesses/organisations at end June 2001
no.
3,668
2,849
630
7,147
Total employment at end June 2001
no.
37,705
49,743
10,820
98,267
Total volunteers during the month of June 2001
no.
4,404
174,433
-
178,837
Income
Funding from government
$m
119.0
149.6
462.7
731.3
Income from other grants and distributions
$m
26.7
228.8
-
255.5
Income from sponsorship and fundraising
$m
780.7
433.2
6.7
1,220.6
Income from players/participants playing fees
$m
385.6
147.5
-
533.2
Income from admissions
$m
665.6
323.0
153.1
1,141.7
Rent, leasing and hiring of sporting grounds
and facilities
$m
43.6
92.0
50.9
186.4
Income from television and broadcasting rights
$m
1,132.8
216.6
-
1,349.4
Other
$m
1,203.7
1,788.1
56.1
3,047.9
Total
$m
4,357.7
3,379.0
729.5
8,466.2
Expenses
Labour costs(b)
$m
955.5
937.5
254.8
2,147.8
Grants to other organisations
$m
11.9
267.5
215.8
495.2
Repair and maintenance of sporting grounds and physical recreation facilities
$m
66.6
111.5
168.5
346.5
Rent, leasing and hiring of sporting venues, facilities and equipment
$m
99.0
60.5
-
159.6
Gambling taxes/levies
$m
*0.2
8.4
-
8.6
Other
$m
3,187.0
1,936.7
326.3
5,450.1
Total
$m
4,320.4
3,322.2
965.3
8,607.9

(a) Includes data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee Limited. Data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games relates to the 18 month period ended December 2000.
(b) For government organisations, labour costs include only wages and salaries.
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002

TABLE 2.3 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS - BY INDUSTRY(a)

Other
sports
and
physical
Sports and
Health/
recreation
Sports and
physical
Sports and
fitness
venues,
physical
recreation
physical
Horse
centres
grounds
recreation
clubs, teams
recreation
and dog
and
and
admin.
and sports
support
Govt.
Units
racing
gymnasia
facilities
orgs.
professionals
services
orgs.
Total

Businesses/ organisations
at end June 2001
For profit
no.
750
620
745
-
372
1,181
. .
3,668
Not for profit
no.
284
47
119
756
1,565
78
. .
2,849
Government
no.
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
630
630
Total
no.
1,034
667
864
756
1,937
1,259
630
7,147
Locations at end June 2001
Capital cities and suburbs
no.
n.a.
527
591
571
1,106
1,310
n.a.
n.a.
Non-metropolitan areas
no.
n.a.
270
434
393
1,118
630
n.a.
n.a.
Total
no.
n.a.
797
1,025
965
2,224
1,940
n.a.
n.a.
Total employment at end
June 2001
no.
15,900
12,552
15,842
11,814
23,312
8,028
10,820
98,267
Total volunteers during the
month of June 2001
no.
n.a.
*546
*7,962
106,427
61,950
1,952
n.a.
178,837
Members at end June 2001
no.
105,833
501,264
224,343
n.a.
1,669,111
*81,901
n.a.
2,582,452
Income
Net TAB distributions received
$m
555.4
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
555.4
Income from membership fees
$m
20.8
190.7
29.7
80.5
313.1
11.7
n.a.
646.6
Income from admissions
$m
26.5
0.6
644.8
228.6
87.3
0.7
153.1
1,141.7
Funding from government
$m
-
*1.1
131.2
106.1
10.9
19.3
462.7
731.3
Other income
$m
533.0
101.9
2,757.4
731.4
970.5
183.5
113.8
5,391.4
Total
$m
1,135.6
294.3
3,563.1
1,146.7
1,381.8
215.2
729.5
8,466.2
Expenses
Labour costs(b)
$m
242.2
119.8
627.9
224.8
595.1
83.2
254.8
2,147.8
Prizemoney and trophy expenses
$m
404.2
*0.2
2.6
29.7
19.1
0.6
n.a.
456.4
Grants to other organisations
$m
n.a.
1.7
5.2
237.4
32.9
2.2
215.8
495.2
Repair and maintenance expenses
$m
41.0
11.1
43.2
8.2
69.0
5.6
168.5
346.5
Other
$m
419.9
145.3
2,904.6
600.1
670.8
94.9
326.3
5,161.9
Total
$m
1,107.3
278.1
3,583.6
1,100.2
1,386.9
186.5
965.3
8,607.9
Operating profit/surplus
before tax(c)
$m
30.6
16.0
*-18.6
45.7
**-12.5
28.0
. .
89.3
Operating profit margin
%
2.7
5.6
*-3.0
*7.4
**-1.3
16.2
. .
2.1
Industry value added
$m
260.7
140.6
668.4
229.2
542.8
100.1
. .
1,941.9

(a) Includes data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee Limited. Data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games relates to the 18 month period ended December 2000.
(b) For government organisations, labour costs include only wages and salaries.
(c) This item is derived as total income minus total expenses, plus closing inventories minus opening inventories.
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002

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