Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Table 18.17 shows the quantities produced of selected manufactured commodities for the period 2001-02 to 2004-05.

The largest increases between 2001-02 and 2004-05 were experienced in the production of cars and station wagons for fewer than ten persons and Portland cement. Production of these commodities increased by 25% and 23% respectively. Production of unfortified wine continued to increase over this period (22%) whereas the manufacture of beer experienced a slight decrease (3%).

In the same period, the largest declines in production were recorded by cotton yarn (80%) and wool and man-made fibre tops (68%). Production levels of other major textiles commodities have also decreased substantially between 2001-02 to 2004-05 with scoured and carbonised wool down by 29% and wool yarn down by 14%.

Most petroleum products decreased during 2001-02 to 2004-05, fuel oil production leading this trend with a decrease of 35%. Production of automotive gasoline fell by less than 1% over this period with a 3% decrease in 2003-04 being followed by a 3% increase in 2004-05. Among the metal products, the largest increase in production was for pig iron (6%). Raw steel production was down 9% due to a 20% decrease in 2004-05.

Production of selected building materials increased over this period. Clay brick production rose by 6% between 2001-02 and 2004-05.


18.17 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

Units
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
Percentage change
from 2001-02
to 2004-05

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than ten personsno.
318,951
358,286
413,655
398,819
25.0
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy spirit'000 L
n.p.
n.p
466
884
n.p.
Unfortified wine'000 L
1,150,854
1,019,393
1,381,064
1,400,074
21.7
Red meat'000 t
3,067
3,090
3,000
3,142
2.4
Chicken meat'000 t
667
690
694
750
12.4
MilkML
11,271
10,326
10,075
10,125
-10.2
Cheese'000 t
431
368
381
373
-13.5
Butter'000 t
178
149
132
131
-26.4
BeerML
1,745
1,727
1,735
1,686
-3.4
Sugar(a)'000 t
4,987
5,461
4,994
5,196
4.2
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool t
99,924
88,663
79,213
70,901
-29.0
Wool and man-made fibre tops t
53,828
38,903
21,263
17,313
-67.8
Wool yarn t
2,765
3,064
2,771
2,390
-13.6
Cotton yarn t
26,926
17,902
11,235
5,432
-79.8
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasolineML
18,000
17,984
17,375
17,913
-0.5
Fuel oilML
1,684
1,441
1,105
1,092
-35.2
Automotive diesel oilML
13,064
13,335
12,544
12,822
-1.9
Aviation turbine fuelML
5,390
5,149
4,964
5,325
-1.2
Alumina'000 t
16,417
16,413
16,690
17,161
4.5
Pig iron'000 t
6,169
6,634
6,624
6,520
5.7
Raw steel'000 t
8,311
9,399
9,471
7,556
-9.1
Selected paper and wood products
Paper and paperboard(b) '000 t
2,897
3,061
3,164
3,244
12.0
Wood based panels(c)’000 m3
1,890
2,030
1,989
1,894
0.2
Selected building materials
Portland cement'000 t
7,235
7,731
8,460
8,925
23.4
Clay bricksm
1,602
1,732
1,789
1,704
6.4
Premixed concrete’000 m3
19,447
20,987
22,469
22,915
17.8

(a) Raw tonnes actual.
(b) Includes newsprint, printing and writing, household and sanitary and packaging and industrial.
(c) Includes plywood, particleboard and medium density fibreboard.
Source: Australian Wine and Grape Industry (1329.0); Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0); Manufacturing Production, Australia (8301.0.55.001); ABS data available on request, Manufacturing Production Survey; Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE), 'Australian Commodity Statistics, 2005' and 'Australian Forest and Wood Product Statistics, September and December quarters, 2005'.


INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Principal commodities exported

Table 18.18 provides details of the 20 main manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, in the period 2001-02 to 2005-06. These commodities contributed 44% in total of the value of all merchandise exports in 2005-06. Manufactured commodities made up 49% of the value of all merchandise exports.

Non-ferrous metals and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials were the only two of these selected commodities to each contribute 6% or more to the total value of merchandise exports in 2005-06 contributing 6.8% and 6.0% respectively.

Between 2001-02 and 2005-06, the value of exports for transport equipment (excluding road vehicles) fell by 43% ($0.8b), while the value of exports for textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric) fell by 31% ($1.6b). The value of exports of medicinal and pharmaceutical products increased by 48% ($1.1b) to $3.4b in 2005-06, representing slightly over 2% of the total value of Australian exports. The value of exports of gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) increased by 42% ($2.1b).

In 2005-06, the value of exports increased for 16 of the 20 selected commodities. The largest increase in value terms was for non-ferrous metals ($2.3b, 23%), followed by gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) ($1.6b, 22%), and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials ($1.0b, 11%).


18.18 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Commodity group(a)
2001-02
2004-05
2005-06
Change
from
2001-02
to
2005-06
Change
from
2004-05
to
2005-06
Share
of
total
exports
2005-06
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Non-ferrous metals
8,853.8
7,935.3
10,278.6
16.1
22.8
6.8
Petroleum, petroleum products and related
materials
8,369.2
8,095.6
9,119.5
9.0
11.2
6.0
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
5,128.6
5,641.6
7,273.8
41.8
22.4
4.8
Meat and meat preparations
6,248.7
6,936.4
6,713.4
7.4
-3.3
4.4
Cereals and cereal preparations
6,482.2
5,161.2
4,853.8
-25.1
-6.3
3.2
Road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles)
4,292.9
3,920.7
4,244.8
-1.1
7.6
2.8
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured
into yarn or fabric)
4,982.9
3,293.6
3,429.6
-31.2
4.0
2.3
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
2,261.7
2,848.7
3,353.0
48.3
17.7
2.2
Beverages
2,286.6
2,835.5
2,895.6
26.6
2.1
1.9
Dairy products and birds' eggs
3,155.9
2,368.9
2,477.6
-21.5
4.4
1.6
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s.
and machine parts, n.e.s.
1,290.0
1,427.6
1,617.5
25.4
11.7
1.1
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments
and apparatus, n.e.s.
1,344.2
1,394.7
1,595.6
18.7
12.6
1.1
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts
(including non-electrical counterparts of electrical
domestic equipment)
1,679.7
1,573.0
1,564.1
-6.9
-0.6
1.0
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1,398.0
1,256.4
1,444.8
3.3
13.0
1.0
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs
and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1,663.0
1,237.1
1,238.8
-25.5
0.1
0.8
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1,657.1
1,142.5
1,148.3
-30.7
0.5
0.8
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
1,859.6
1,022.6
1,061.4
-42.9
3.7
0.7
Cork and wood
881.6
1,040.2
1,050.4
19.1
1.0
0.7
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
956.0
846.1
877.2
-8.2
3.5
0.6
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing
apparatus and equipment
1,083.3
914.3
844.4
-22.1
-8.3
0.6

(a) Based on the UN Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev 3).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.

Principal commodities imported

Table 18.19 provides details of the 20 main manufactured commodities imported into Australia during the period 2001-02 to 2005-06. These commodities contributed 79% in total of the value of all merchandise imports in 2005-06. Manufactured commodities comprised 91% of the value of all merchandise imports.

In comparing the main commodities Australia exported with the main commodities imported in terms of value, it is apparent many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

The major commodity imported into Australia between 2001-02 and 2005-06 was petroleum, petroleum products and related materials, which represented 13% of the total value of imports in 2005-06. Road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles) made up 12% of imports.

This has been a period of growth for imports of most of the main manufactured commodities. The value of imports of petroleum, petroleum products and related materials and gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) increased by 139% ($12.3b) and 117% ($2.6b).

In 2005-06, the largest increase in the value of imports in percentage terms was for gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (95%, $2.3b), though in value terms, the largest increase was for petroleum, petroleum products and related materials ($6.3b).


18.19 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

Commodity group(b)
2001-02
2004-05
2005-06
Change
from
2001-02
to
2005-06
Change
from
2004-05
to
2005-06
Share of
total
imports
2005-06
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
8,893.0
14,907.5
21,220.7
138.6
42.3
12.7
Road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles)
14,895.2
19,564.7
20,438.2
37.2
4.5
12.2
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing
apparatus and equipment
6,862.1
8,568.7
9,680.5
41.1
13.0
5.8
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
7,965.1
8,522.9
8,890.4
11.6
4.3
5.3
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and
machine parts, n.e.s.
6,221.1
8,112.3
8,633.0
38.8
6.4
5.2
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts
(including non-electrical counterparts of electrical domestic
equipment)
6,628.7
7,748.0
8,067.5
21.7
4.1
4.8
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
5,009.0
6,916.4
7,205.2
43.8
4.2
4.3
Machinery specialised for particular industries
4,050.20
5,947.8
6,552.8
61.8
10.2
3.9
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
3,468.4
4,364.2
5,968.0
72.1
36.7
3.6
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
2,219.3
2,465.6
4,804.4
116.5
94.9
2.9
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
3,215.2
3,881.9
4,237.5
31.8
9.2
2.5
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and
apparatus, n.e.s.
2,998.10
3,601.1
3,869.9
29.1
7.5
2.3
Manufactures of metals n.e.s.
2,789.9
3,735.1
4,033.7
44.6
8.0
2.4
Power generating machinery and equipment
3,033.8
3,518.2
3,418.7
12.7
-2.8
2.0
Iron and steel
1,763.5
3,185.5
3,241.9
83.8
1.8
1.9
Organic chemicals
2,500.9
2,741.9
3,060.4
22.4
11.6
1.8
Paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp of paper or
of paperboard
2,362.5
2,549.8
2,583.3
9.3
1.3
1.5
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles n.e.s. and related
products
2,562.3
2,425.0
2,353.0
-8.2
-3.0
1.4
Non-metallic mineral manufacturers n.e.s.
1,970.1
2,133.1
2,199.5
11.6
3.1
1.3
Rubber manufacture n.e.s.
1,607.4
1,897.2
2,044.9
27.2
7.8
1.2

(a) Customs value.
(b) Based on the UN Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev 3).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Previous PageNext Page


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.