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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2007 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2009   
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death by ICD-10 Chapter >> Diseases of the Respiratory System (J00-J99)

DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (J00-J99)

Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99) which include diseases that impact on the ability to breathe, accounted for 11,577 registered deaths in 2007. This represented 8.4% of all registered deaths. There was a 6.6% increase in deaths caused by Diseases of the respiratory system from 2006. More males than females died from this cause, which is consistent with previous years. In 2007, there were 6,046 male deaths compared to 5,531 female deaths due to Diseases of the respiratory system. Over the past ten years, females tended to be slightly older than males for this underlying cause. This trend continued in 2007 with the median age at death for males at 81.2 years and for females at 84.3 years.

In 2007, Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40-J47) were the underlying cause of 5,762 deaths or 4.2% of all registered deaths. Chronic lower respiratory diseases include diseases such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema. More males than females died from this cause in 2007 (3,169 compared with 2,593). Males also tended to be slightly younger than females dying from this cause over time. In 2007, the median age at death caused by Chronic lower respiratory diseases was 80.2 years for males and 81.2 years for females.

Pneumonia (J12-J18) accounted for 2,550 registered deaths, or 1.8% of all registered deaths in 2007. As in previous years, more females died from Pneumonia than males, with 1,415 female deaths compared with 1,133 male deaths. The median age at death for males was also lower than for females, 84.6 years compared with 89.0 years for females.

The number of deaths from Pneumonitis (J69), which is similar to pneumonia but results from complications of inhalation of solids and liquids, has increased substantially over time, from 119 deaths in 1998 to 1,029 in 2007. This cause of death was most common amongst people ages 60 years and over, who represented 973 deaths due to Pneumonitis (95%).

3.9 SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES(a), Diseases of the Respiratory System (J00-J99) - 2007(b)(c)

MALES
FEMALES
PERSONS
PROPORTION OF ALL DEATHS
Cause of Death and ICD Code
no.
no.
no.
%

     Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99)
6 046
5 531
11 577
8.4
             Influenza and pneumonia (J10-J18)
1 160
1 463
2 623
1.9
                Influenza due to identified influenza virus (J10)
9
11
20
-
                Influenza, virus not identified (J11)
20
34
54
-
                Bacterial pneumonia, not elsewhere classified (J15)
43
27
70
0.1
                Pneumonia, organism unspecified ( J18)
1 070
1 374
2 444
1.8
             Other acute lower respiratory infections (J20-J22)
75
72
147
0.1
                Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection (J22)
62
64
126
0.1
             Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40-J47)
3 169
2 593
5 762
4.2
                Bronchitis, not specified as acute or chronic (J40)
15
17
32
-
                Unspecified chronic bronchitis (J42)
12
13
25
-
                Emphysema (J43)
387
240
627
0.5
                Other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (J44)(d)
2 550
1 917
4 467
3.2
                Asthma (J45)
126
245
371
0.3
                Bronchiectasis (J47)
72
153
225
0.2
             Lung diseases due to external agents (J60-J70)
675
470
1 145
0.8
                Pneumoconiosis due to asbestos and other mineral fibres (J61)
92
5
97
0.1
                Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69)
569
460
1 029
0.7
             Other respiratory diseases principally affecting the interstitium (J80-J84)
489
382
871
0.6
                Adult respiratory distress syndrome (J80)
18
11
29
-
                Pulmonary oedema ( J81)
20
30
50
-
                Other interstitial pulmonary diseases (J84)
448
339
787
0.6
             Suppurative and necrotic conditions of lower respiratory tract (J85-J86)
24
27
51
-
                Abscess of lung and mediastinum (J85)
14
13
27
-
                Pyothorax (J86)
10
14
24
-
             Other diseases of pleura (J90-J94)
34
39
73
0.1
                Pleural effusion, not elsewhere classified (J90)
22
33
55
-
             Other diseases of the respiratory system (J95-J99)
397
472
869
0.6
                Respiratory failure, not elsewhere classified (J96)
97
90
187
0.1
                Other respiratory disorders (J98)
300
382
682
0.5

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Causes selected are those with 20 or more deaths at the 3 digit level of ICD-10.
(b) Causes of death data for 2007 is subject to revision. See Explanatory Notes 3-4 for further information.
(c) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. It is important to note that cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.
(d) For further information on data relating to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, see Explanatory Note 69.






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