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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2007 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2009   
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death by ICD-10 Chapter >> Diseases of the Digestive System (K00-K99)

DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM (K00-K99)

Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K99) accounted for 4,760 registered deaths in Australia in 2007 or 3.5% of all registered deaths. The number and proportion of all deaths due to diseases of the digestive system have increased steadily over the past ten years up from 3, 967 deaths (3.1% of all deaths) in 1998. Slightly more males (2,402) than females (2,358) died from Diseases of the digestive system in 2007. The median age at death for males (73.9 years) dying from these diseases was considerably lower than for females (83.7 years).

Alcoholic liver disease (K70) accounted for 676 deaths, 14% of all deaths due to Diseases of the digestive system. More males than females died of Alcoholic liver disease, with a ratio of 259.6 males per 100 females. The majority of deaths due to Alcoholic liver disease were of people aged between 45 and 70 years (75%). Median age at death for males was 59.5 years, while for females it was 57.0 years.

Diseases of the intestine (K50-K63) has increased from 1,133 deaths in 1998 to 1,595 deaths in 2007. The majority of deaths (1,173) occurred in the 75 to 94 age group, with a median age of 83.8 years.

Diseases of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (K20-K31) were the underlying cause of 569 deaths. The median age at death was 83.3 years, which is 2.8 years higher than the median age for all causes of death (80.5 years). The sex ratio for this underlying cause of death was 87 male deaths per 100 female deaths.

3.10 SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES(a), Diseases of the Digestive System (K00-K99) - 2007(b)(c)

Cause of Death and ICD Code
MALES
FEMALES
PERSONS
PROPORTION OF ALL DEATHS

     Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93)
2 402
2 358
4 760
3.5
             Diseases of oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (K20-K31)
264
305
569
0.4
                 Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (K21)
21
29
50
-
                 Other diseases of oesophagus (K22)
46
61
107
0.1
                 Gastric ulcer (K25)
37
62
99
0.1
                 Duodenal ulcer (K26)
69
56
125
0.1
                 Peptic ulcer, site unspecified (K27)
49
62
111
0.1
                 Gastritis and duodenitis ( K29)
12
10
22
-
                 Other diseases of stomach and duodenum (K31)
18
19
37
-
             Hernia (K40-K46)
67
79
146
0.1
                 Inguinal hernia (K40)
30
5
35
-
                 Diaphragmatic hernia (K44)
12
26
38
-
                 Unspecified abdominal hernia (K46)
15
18
33
-
             Noninfective enteritis and colitis (K50-K52)
84
153
237
0.2
                 Crohn's disease (regional enteritis) (K50)
7
18
25
-
                 Other noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis (K52)
69
124
193
0.1
             Other diseases of intestines (K55-K63)
538
820
1 358
1.0
                 Vascular disorders of intestine (K55)
195
256
451
0.3
                 Paralytic ileus and intestinal obstruction without hernia (K56)
180
299
479
0.3
                 Diverticular disease of intestine (K57)
73
150
223
0.2
                 Other functional intestinal disorders (K59)
15
17
32
-
                 Other diseases of anus and rectum (K62)
10
17
27
-
                 Other diseases of intestine (K63)
61
77
138
0.1
             Diseases of peritoneum (K65-K67)
40
60
100
0.1
                 Peritonitis (K65)
30
48
78
0.1
                 Other disorders of peritoneum (K66)
10
12
22
-
             Diseases of liver (K70-K77)
977
460
1 437
1.0
                 Alcoholic liver disease (K70)
488
188
676
0.5
                 Hepatic failure, not elsewhere classified (K72)
150
74
224
0.2
                 Fibrosis and cirrhosis of liver (K74)
205
110
315
0.2
                 Other inflammatory liver diseases (K75)
13
20
33
-
                 Other diseases of liver (K76)
119
63
182
0.1
             Disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract and pancreas (K80-K87)
238
268
506
0.4
                 Cholelithiasis (K80)
28
56
84
0.1
                 Cholecystitis (K81)
44
61
105
0.1
                 Other diseases of gallbladder (K82)
13
13
26
-
                 Other diseases of biliary tract (K83)
50
55
105
0.1
                 Acute pancreatitis (K85)
79
68
147
0.1
                 Other diseases of pancreas (K86)
24
15
39
-
             Other diseases of the digestive system (K90-K93)
169
195
364
0.3
                 Other diseases of digestive system (K92)
165
186
351
0.3

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Causes selected are those with 20 or more deaths at the 3 digit level of ICD-10.
(b) Causes of death data for 2007 is subject to revision. See Explanatory Notes 3-4 for further information.
(c) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. It is important to note that cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.






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