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Population Flows, 2008-09
Flows of people between the other states and territories were smaller than those between the mainland eastern states. In 2008-09, the Australian Capital Territory received its largest inflow of interstate migrants from surrounding New South Wales (10,700 persons). The reverse outflow from the Australian Capital Territory was also largest to New South Wales (10,400 persons). The majority of interstate moves from the Northern Territory tended to be towards neighbouring Queensland (5,300) with smaller numbers going to New South Wales and Western Australia (2,600 persons to each). More people moved from Western Australia to the eastern states than to neighbouring South Australia and the Northern Territory, with the highest number going to Victoria (9,100 persons). Most interstate moves from Tasmania were across the Bass Strait to Victoria and up to Queensland (3,600 to each).
The largest net flows in 2008-09 saw New South Wales recording net losses to Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia. In net terms, Queensland gained 12,500 persons from New South Wales while Victoria gained 3,200 persons and Western Australia gained 2,900 persons.
Interstate flows as a proportion of population
The impact of interstate migration flows on each state and territory population varies. One way of measuring the effect is to calculate each flow as a proportion of each state or territory population (Figure 6.5).
In 2008-09, the Northern Territory experienced the greatest impact from both interstate arrivals and interstate departures. These flows represented 7.5% and 7.2% of the Northern Territory's population respectively. Likewise, the Australian Capital Territory experienced a 5.2% increase in its population through interstate arrivals but also a 5.4% loss from interstate departures. Victoria's population felt the lowest impact from interstate migration flows with a 1.3% increase from interstate arrivals and a 1.2% decrease from interstate departures.