Australian Bureau of Statistics
3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2008-09 Quality Declaration
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/07/2010
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Population turnover, 2008-09
While Victoria had the third highest number of gross moves (134,200 moves) in 2008-09, it had the lowest population turnover (2.5% of the state's total population). Similarly, the 191,600 gross moves for New South Wales translated to only 2.7% of the state's population turnover.
Another way of looking at interstate migration is to assess how effective migration has been in redistributing the population. This method, known as the migration effectiveness ratio (MER), compares the total net gain or loss to the gross moves and is expressed as a percentage (Bell, 1995)(footnote 1) . Table 6.6 shows that for 2008-09 Queensland had the highest MER (10.3%), gaining 10 persons for every 100 interstate moves in or out of Queensland. New South Wales and South Australia also recorded a high MER albeit negative (-10.3% and -9.7% respectively). This indicates that both states each lost 10 persons for every 100 interstate moves in or out of their state.
While Western Australia recorded a medium range MER of 6.6%, the remaining states and territories recorded positive or negative MERs below 3%.
Both the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (each with similar numbers of arrivals and departures) demonstrate that high population turnover does not necessarily lead to population redistribution at the territory level. While the Northern Territory's population turnover was 15%, it gained just over two persons for every 100 interstate moves in or out of the territory. Similarly, the Australian Capital Territory with a population turnover of 11%, lost just over two persons for every 100 movements in or out of the territory.
1 Bell, M. 1995, Internal Migration in Australia 1986–91: overview report, Bureau of Immigration Multicultural and Population Research, Canberra, p109.<back
This page last updated 15 June 2011
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