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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Labour >> Employment arrangements

There is a diverse range of employment arrangements in the Australian labour market. The Survey of Employment Arrangements and Superannuation (SEAS), conducted between April and June 2000, examined the various types of employment arrangements in detail, expanding on the Status in Employment classification available from the Labour Force Survey (as shown in table 6.9).

Table 6.27 shows that between April and June 2000, over 58% of employed persons had leave entitlements, 18% identified themselves as being casually employed, and 22% worked in their own business (persons working in their own business include owner managers of both incorporated or unincorporated enterprises). The proportion of females who identified themselves as casual was considerably higher than for males, 25% to 13%; the reverse was true for those working in their own business, where the proportion of males identifying themselves as casual (27%) was considerably higher than for females (15%).


6.27 PERSONS WITH ONE OR MORE JOBS - April to June 2000

Employment type
Units
Males
Females
Persons

Employees with leave entitlements -
- Not working on a fixed-term contract
%
55.3
54.6
55.0
- Working on a fixed-term contract
%
3.0
3.7
3.3
Self-identified casuals
%
13.1
25.0
18.3
Employees without leave entitlements, who do not identify as casuals
%
1.8
1.9
1.8
Owner managers of incorporated enterprises -
- Not working on a contract basis
%
6.7
4.1
5.6
- Working on a contract basis
%
3.0
0.7
2.0
Total employees
%
82.9
90.0
86.0
Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises -
- Not working on a contract basis
%
11.2
7.5
9.6
- Working on a contract basis
%
5.9
2.5
4.4
Total(a)
%
100.0
100.0
100.0

Number(a)
'000
4,907.1
3,820.4
8,727.6

(a) Excludes contributing family workers and employees who worked only for payment in kind only in their main job.

Source: Employment Arrangements and Superannuation, Australia (6361.0).


Table 6.28 shows the various working patterns of employees in their main job. It demonstrates that, apart from self-identified casuals, the most common working arrangement is a set number of days each week. For self-identified casuals, the proportion working casual or relief work (43%) was slightly higher than for those working a set number of days each week (42%).


6.28 WORKING PATTERNS IN MAIN JOB - April to June 2000

Units
Employees with
leave entitlements
not working on
a fixed-term contract
Employees with
leave entitlements
working on a
fixed-term contract
Self-identified
casuals
Employees
without leave entitlements
who did not
identify as casual
Total
employees

Set number of days each week
%
69.9
72.5
41.6
67.2
63.3
Set number of days each fortnight
%
10.8
9.7
4.6
*5.6
9.2
19 day month
%
3.7
*2.8
*0.2
**1.1
2.8
Casual or relief work
%
0.4
*0.9
43.4
*3.3
10.5
Roster or shift system
%
10.0
8.2
7.9
*6.1
9.3
Other working pattern
%
4.0
4.9
2.3
16.8
4.0
Total(a)
%
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Number(a)
('000)
4,801.5
286.0
1,596.4
159.9
6,843.7

(a) Excluding owner managers of incorporated enterprises.
(b) Persons who had not worked in the previous 4 weeks are included in the total, but some information was not collected for this group. As a result percentages may not add to 100%.

Source: Employment Arrangements and Superannuation, Australia (6361.0).


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