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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Labour >> Characteristics of employment

Tables 6.23 and 6.24 provide information on the number of employed persons and the proportion employed, by occupation and by industry.

The occupation groups containing the largest number of employed persons were Professionals with 18% of persons, 17% of males and 21% of females; Intermediate clerical, sales and service workers with 17% of persons, 9% of males and 28% of females; and Tradespersons and related workers with 13% of persons, 21% of males and 3% of females (table 6.23).

6.23 EMPLOYED PERSONS BY OCCUPATION(a), Annual Average(b)(c) - 2000-01

Males
Females
Persons
Occupation
No.

’000
Proportion
employed

%
No.

’000
Proportion
employed

%
No.

’000
Proportion
employed

%

Managers and administrators
490.9
9.7
162.3
4.1
653.2
7.2
Professionals
839.3
16.5
822.8
20.6
1,662.1
18.3
Associate professionals
644.5
12.7
398.0
10.0
1,042.5
11.5
Tradespersons and related workers
1,064.0
21.0
114.1
2.9
1,178.2
13.0
Advanced clerical and service workers
47.9
0.9
361.1
9.0
409.1
4.5
Intermediate clerical, sales and service workers
449.2
8.8
1,126.5
28.2
1,575.6
17.4
Intermediate production and transport workers
682.0
13.4
95.2
2.4
777.2
8.6
Elementary clerical, sales and service workers
309.7
6.1
596.7
14.9
906.5
10.0
Labourers and related workers
549.7
10.8
320.2
8.0
869.9
9.6
All occupations
5,077.2
100.0
3,997.0
100.0
9,074.3
100.0

(a) Classified according to the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO), Second Edition.
(b) Data have not been revised to reflect definitional changes in the Labour Force Survey questionnaire introduced in April 2001. Data collected from April 2001 onwards are not strictly comparable with data collected in earlier periods. For further information, see Information Paper: Implementing the Redesigned Labour Force Survey Questionnaire (6295.0).
(c) Annual average of quarterly data.

Source: Labour Force Australia (6203.0).

Table 6.24 shows that in 2000-01, Retail trade (15%) and Manufacturing (13%) were the two largest employing industries, followed by Property and business services (12%). Manufacturing was the largest employer of males (16%) while the next highest was Retail trade (13%). Retail trade and Health and community services were the largest employers of females (both 17%).


6.24 EMPLOYED PERSONS BY INDUSTRY(a), Annual Average(b) - 2000-01

Males
Females
Persons



Industry
no.

’000
Proportion
employed

%
no.

’000
Proportion
employed

%
no.

’000
Proportion
employed

%

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
294.0
5.8
134.8
3.4
428.8
4.7
Mining
69.1
1.4
9.1
0.2
78.3
0.9
Manufacturing
827.8
16.3
302.0
7.6
1,129.8
12.5
Electricity, gas and water supply
54.7
1.1
11.0
0.3
65.7
0.7
Construction
595.8
11.7
85.5
2.1
681.3
7.5
Wholesale trade
305.9
6.0
132.8
3.3
438.7
4.8
Retail trade
637.0
12.5
694.2
17.4
1,331.2
14.7
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
214.7
4.2
254.3
6.4
469.0
5.2
Transport and storage
317.8
6.3
103.4
2.6
421.2
4.6
Communication services
127.0
2.5
55.6
1.4
182.6
2.0
Finance and insurance
146.6
2.9
190.7
4.8
337.3
3.7
Property and business services
598.7
11.8
482.3
12.1
1,081.0
11.9
Government administration and defence
192.5
3.8
173.3
4.3
365.8
4.0
Education
203.6
4.0
417.5
10.4
621.1
6.8
Health and community services
197.2
3.9
677.6
17.0
874.8
9.6
Cultural and recreational services
120.0
2.4
105.2
2.6
225.2
2.5
Personal and other services
174.9
3.4
167.7
4.2
342.5
3.8
All industries
5,077.2
100.0
3,997
100.0
9,074.3
100.0

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).
(b) Annual average of quarterly data.

Source: Labour Force Australia (6203.0).

Table 6.25 and graph 6.26 provide a view of the distribution of wage and salary earners between the private and public sectors, and across the States and Territories. These statistics are obtained from the quarterly Survey of Employment and Earnings, a survey of employing businesses. They are complementary to, but not compatible with, estimates of employed persons from the household-based Labour Force Survey. While the latter provides a better indicator of overall employment movements at the Australian and State/Territory levels, the former provides dissections by private/public sector.

Table 6.25 shows that 20% of employees work in the public sector. The Australian Capital Territory has the highest proportion of public sector employees (44%), while Victoria has the lowest (16%).


6.25 WAGE AND SALARY EARNERS, Private/Public Sector - February 2001

Sector
NSW

’000
Vic.

’000
Qld

’000
SA

’000
WA

’000
Tas.

’000
NT

’000
ACT

’000
Australia

’000

Private
1,909.2
1,634.2
1,051.3
421.8
621.5
118.2
55.3
87.4
5,898.9
Public -
- Commonwealth
64.9
53.4
32.0
15.7
17.0
5.5
3.6
51.7
243.8
- State
332.5
216.3
218.9
87.3
120.1
30.5
16.2
16.8
1,038.6
- Local
46.3
33.0
38.0
7.9
13.5
3.9
2.5
n.a.
145.2
- Total
443.7
302.7
288.9
111.0
150.6
39.9
22.3
68.5
1,427.5
Total
2,352.9
1,936.9
1,340.1
532.7
772.1
158.2
77.6
155.9
7,326.4
Proportion in public sector
18.9%
15.6%
21.6%
20.8%
19.5%
25.2%
28.7%
43.9%
19.5%

Source: Wage and Salary Earners, Australia (6248.0).




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