EMPLOYMENT AND VOLUNTARY WORK
This chapter presents information relating to employment and voluntary work in sports and physical recreation. The information has been obtained from several sources as described below.
The Census of Population and Housing is the source of information relating to a person's main job in the week before the census, that is, the one in which they usually worked the most hours. The publication Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2001 (cat no. 4148.0) presents summary Census data about persons employed in selected sports and physical recreation occupations as their main job. It also includes details of their industry of employment, sex, age, birthplace and origin, qualifications, income, hours worked and state or territory of usual residence.
The Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours provides information on the composition and distribution of the earnings and hours of wage and salary earners. The latest data available are from the May 2004 survey and have been published in Employee Earnings and Hours, Australia, May 2004 (cat. no. 6306.0).
The Service Industries Survey collected information in respect of 2000-01 and 2004-05 from organisations mainly involved in providing sports and physical recreation services. Data were published in Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 and Sports and Physical Recreation Services, Australia, 2004-05 (both cat. no. 8686.0) and include details about the number of persons who were employed by, or worked voluntarily for, sports or physical recreation organisations, regardless of whether it was their main job.
The Survey of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity was conducted in April of 1993, 1997, 2001 and 2004 as part of the Monthly Population Survey. It obtained information about both paid and unpaid involvement, in both playing and non-playing roles, by persons aged 15 years and over, during the 12 months prior to interview. Data have been published in editions of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity, Australia (cat. no. 6285.0).
The 2002 General Social Survey collected data during the period March to July 2002 from persons aged 18 years and over across a range of individual demographic and social issues including the undertaking of any unpaid voluntary work during the previous 12 months. A detailed analysis of volunteers for organisations categorised as Sport recreation and hobby is contained in a report which was prepared for the Standing Committee on Recreation and Sport and entitled Sport Volunteers and Other Volunteers. Further information can be found in the ABS publication General Social Survey, Summary Results, Australia, 2002 (cat. no. 4159.0).
The 2000 Voluntary Work Survey collected information about volunteering for all kinds of organisations, including those relating to sports and physical recreation. A detailed analysis of volunteers in sports and physical recreation is contained in a report which was prepared for the Standing Committee on Recreation and Sport and entitled Australia's Sports Volunteers, 2000. Further information can be found in the ABS publication Voluntary Work, Australia, 2000 (cat. no. 4441.0).
Each of the data sources mentioned above provides a different perspective on employment or voluntary work in sports and physical recreation and is examined in more detail in the following sections.