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4156.0 - Sport and Recreation: A Statistical Overview, Australia , 2006 Edition 2  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/11/2006   
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Contents >> Chapter 7.1 Employment and Voluntary Work - Introduction >> Chapter 7.4 Employment and Voluntary Work - Service Industries Survey 2000-01



EMPLOYMENT AND VOLUNTARY WORK




SERVICE INDUSTRIES SURVEY

Some information about employment in sports and physical recreation industries is available from the Service Industries Survey which includes within its scope businesses classified to the 1993 ANZSIC Group 931 Sport. For the 2000-01 survey, the scope was limited to employing organisations. However, for 2004-05, the scope was extended to include significant non-employing organisations. These were defined as being those with turnover in 2004-05 of $135,000 or more.


Many smaller sports clubs have no employees and hence were excluded from the 2000-01 survey along with self-employed persons operating without employees. The change in scope for 2004-05 meant that those turning over at least $135,000 were now included. For more information obtained from the Service Industries Survey, see Industries.


The Service Industries Survey provides data about persons employed in sports and physical recreation regardless of their occupation or whether it was their main job. It also provides information about voluntary work. The data include all persons who were employed or did voluntary work, regardless of their age. Other surveys focus on persons aged 18 years and over (e.g. the Voluntary Work Survey), or persons aged 15 years and over (e.g. the Survey of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity).


To enable comparison with data from the 2000-01 survey, table 7.5 separates the 2004-05 data for employing and non-employing organisations. While it should be noted that the 2004-05 survey was not designed to support accurate estimates of change, it does appear that there have been increases in both the number of employing organisations and the number of persons employed, while volunteer numbers have waned. At the end of June 2005, non-employing organisations made up 11.5% of the total number of organisations providing sports and physical recreation services (9,256).

7.5 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES, By reference period

2000-01(a)
2004-05
Employing organisations
Employing organisations
Non-employing organisations
Total

Number of organisations at end June
7 147
8 191
1 064
9 256
Total employment at end June
98 267
111 201
^319
111 519
Total volunteers during June
178 837
163 706
^18 126
181 832

^ estimate has a relative standard error of 10% to less than 25% and should be used with caution
(a) Estimates for 2000-01 do not include data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Sydney Olympics and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee Limited.
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2004-05 (cat. no. 8686.0).


The 9,256 organisations (including 600 government agencies) providing sports and physical recreation services employed a total of 111,519 persons and received help from 181,832 volunteers during June 2005. Not-for-profit organisations accounted for 41.7% of the paid employment and 95.9% of the volunteers.

7.6 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES, By sector - 2004-05

SECTOR
For profit
Not for profit
Government
Total

Number of organisations at end June
5 007
3 649
600
9 256
Total employment at end June
53 917
46 552
11 051
111 519
Total volunteers during June
*7 480
174 351
. .
181 832

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution
. . not applicable
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2004-05 (cat. no. 8686.0).


The 2000-01 Service Industries Survey included questions about the occupations of employees and volunteers. However, these questions were not included in the 2004-05 survey. Hence the occupation data presented in the following two tables relate to employment and volunteering in June 2001 only.


Of the 87,448 persons employed in sports and physical recreation services at 30 June 2001, an estimated 40,212 (46.0%) worked in a sports related occupation. This figure included 20,862 (23.9%) Coaches, instructors, teachers and development officers; 8,503 (9.7%) Sports officials; 7,951 (9.1%) Professional sportspersons; and 2,896 (3.3%) in horse and dog racing occupations (Stablehands, strappers and handlers; Horse trainers; and Apprentice jockeys and trackwork riders). The remaining 47,236 (54.0%) worked in a range of other occupations such as Managers and administrators (13,543 or 15.5%); Curators, ground and other maintenance staff (5,982 or 6.8%); and Catering staff (5,189 or 5.9%).

7.7 EMPLOYMENT IN SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES - 2000-01

SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION VENUES
SPORTS AND SERVICES TO SPORT
Horse
and dog
racing
Health
/fitness
centres and gymnasia
Other sports
and physical recreation
venues,
grounds
and facilities
Sports and
physical
recreation administrative organisations
Sports and
physical
recreation clubs,
teams and sports professionals
Sports and physical recreation support
services

Managers and administrative staff
1 943
2 243
2 774
2 363
3 073
1 147
Marketing and event management staff
na
227
370
361
469
*192
Coaches/instructors/teachers/development officers
na
7 829
2 238
1 251
3 409
6 135
Professional sports persons
1 767
-
**102
447
5 621
*14
Sports officials
1 159
*132
1 463
5 749
np
np
Medical staff
na
na
na
27
np
np
Curators, ground and other maintenance staff
1 156
239
1 075
178
3 259
*75
Bar managers and bar staff
1 506
**7
708
315
2 510
-
Gaming staff and cashiers
(a)1 011
na
na
52
194
-
Catering staff
1 905
112
1 540
590
1 017
**25
Security staff
80
na
na
*7
*25
-
Other event day staff
3 714
5
2 084
224
np
np
Horse trainers
568
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
Stablehands, strappers and handlers
1 767
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
Apprentice jockeys and trackwork riders
561
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
Other
530
1 757
3 490
250
1 511
344
Total employment at end June
15 900
12 552
15 842
11 814
23 312
8 028

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution
** estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use
. . not applicable
- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
na not available
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes 845 persons employed as totalisator operator staff.
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0).


The majority ( 170,329 or 95.2%) of all Sports and physical recreation services volunteers worked within Sports and services to sport. The largest number of volunteers ( 106,427 or 59.5%) undertook work for Sports and physical recreation administrative organisations (e.g. sporting associations and leagues) (table 7.8).


Within Sports and services to sport, the number of persons working as a volunteer Manager or administrator (37,572) outnumbered those in paid employment as a Manager or administrator (6,583), by over five to one. The majority of volunteers working within Sports and services to sport (84.6%) worked for organisations which employed fewer than 20 persons.

7.8 SPORTS AND SERVICES TO SPORT, Volunteers - 2000-01

Volunteers
Sports and physical
recreation administrative
organisations
Sports and physical
recreation clubs, teams
and sports professionals
Sports and physical
recreation support
services
Total

Managerial/administrative
19 993
16 929
651
37 572
Teaching, coaching and instructing
19 937
*18 523
*817
39 276
Officials
35 338
10 814
182
46 334
Other
31 161
15 684
*302
47 147
Total during June
106 427
61 950
1 952
170 329

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0).



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