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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2001  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/06/2001   
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Education


DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONS AGED 25-64 BY LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Country
Reference year
Below upper secondary education(a)
Upper secondary education and post-secondary non tertiary education(b)
Tertiary type B education(c)
Tertiary type A and advanced research programs (d)
Total
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
1998
44
31
9
17
100
Canada
1998
20
41
20
19
100
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
France
1998
39
40
10
11
100
Greece
1997
54
30
4
11
100
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Italy
1998
56
35
(e)
9
100
Japan
1998
20
50
13
18
100
Korea (Republic of)
1998
35
43
5
17
100
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
New Zealand
1998
27
46
14
13
100
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Sweden
1998
24
48
15
13
100
United Kingdom
1998
19
57
8
15
100
United States of America
1998
14
52
8
27
100
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100

(a) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 0, 1 and 2. For Australia this includes Preschool, Primary School and lower Secondary School levels as well as the Basic Vocational level.
(b) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 3 and 4. For Australia this includes Year 12 completion as well as the Skilled Vocational level.
(c) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5B. For Australia this includes Associate Diplomas and Undergraduate Diplomas.
(d) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 5A and 6. For Australia this includes Bachelor degree level or higher.
(e) Data is included in another column of the table.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Education at a glance OECD Indicators, 2000 Edition.

EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION (a) AND EXPENDITURE

Enrolment rates age group (years)

Country
Reference year(b)
15-19
20-29
30-39
40 and over
Reference year(b)
Direct public expenditure as a proportion of GDP(c)
Total public and private expenditure as a proportion of GDP(d)
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
1998
81.6
27.1
14.5
6.0
1997
4.3
5.6
Canada
1998
78.0
19.8
4.4
1.1
1997
5.4
6.5
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
France
1998
87.8
19.1
1.9
(e)
1997
5.8
6.3
Greece
1998
77.6
18.4
-
-
1997
3.5
4.9
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
1998
37.0
3.3
-
-
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Italy
1998
69.8
16.8
1.7
0.1
1997
4.6
4.8
Japan
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1997
3.6
4.8
Korea (Republic of)
1998
78.6
20.9
1.1
0.2
1997
4.4
7.4
Malaysia
1998
38.2
4.9
0.3
-
1997
4.4
4.7
New Zealand
1998
71.7
20.3
8.4
2.7
1997
6.1
n.a.
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
1998
86.1
30.4
13.3
2.7
1997
6.8
6.9
United Kingdom
1998
69.5
18.1
8.8
3.2
1997
4.6
n.a.
United States of America
1998
74.2
21.4
5.6
1.6
1997
5.2
6.9
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Participation rates are based on full-time and part-time enrolments.
(b) 1 January of the reference year is considered a good proxy for the mid-point of the school year except for Australia and Korea where 1 July is used as the mid-point of the reference period.
(c) Direct public expenditure includes both purchases by the government agency itself on educational resources and also appropriations by the government agency to educational institutions which have been given responsibility to purchase educational resources themselves.
(d) Public expenditure refers to the spending of public authorities at all levels. Private expenditure refers to expenditure funded by private sources i.e. households, private business firms and non-profit organisations of religious, charitable or business and labour associations.
(e) Data is included in another column of the table.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Education at a glance OECD Indicators, 2000 Edition.

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