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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2001  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/06/2001   
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Work


LABOUR FORCE

Participation rate of persons aged 15 to 64 years

Country
Reference year
Economically active
population(a)
Reference year
Total
Men
Women(a)
'000
%
%
%

Australia
1999
9,469.9
1997
72.5
81.9
63.0
Canada
1999
15,721.3
1997
74.9
81.8
68.0
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
1990
647,244.7
1997
85.4
90.1
80.4
France
1998
26,435.0
1997
67.1
74.3
60.1
Greece
1998
4,445.7
1997
60.8
76.9
46.0
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
1998
3,359.4
1997
69.6
83.9
55.1
Indonesia
1999
95,793.2
1997
69.5
84.2
54.9
Italy
1998
23,363.0
1997
57.4
71.4
43.6
Japan
1999
67,800.0
1997
72.6
85.4
59.7
Korea (Republic of)
1999
21,635.0
1997
65.6
78.4
53.0
Malaysia
1999
9,151.4
1997
66.2
83.3
48.9
New Zealand
1999
1,878.1
1997
75.5
84.1
67.1
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
1997
79.2
88.8
68.8
Singapore
1998
1,931.9
1997
69.0
82.9
55.8
Sweden
1999
4,308.0
1997
76.8
79.1
74.5
United Kingdom
1999
29,194.0
1997
76.2
84.4
68.0
United States of America
1999
139,368.0
1997
77.4
84.2
70.7
Viet Nam
1989
29,525.5
1997
82.7
86.1
79.4

(a) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 1998, 1999 and 2000; International Labour Office, Key Indicators of the Labour Market 1999.

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT(a)

Country
Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
'000
'000
%

Australia
1999
8,747.4
1999
685.4
7.2
Canada
1999
14,531.2
1999
1,190.1
7.6
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)(b)
1998
699,570.0
1999
5,750.0
3.1
France
1999
22,923.0
1999
3,059.7
11.9
Greece
1998
3,967.2
1998
478.5
10.8
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
1999
3,133.0
1999
209.4
6.3
Indonesia
1998
87,672.4
1998
5,062.5
5.5
Italy
1999
20,864.0
1999
2,669.0
11.4
Japan
1999
64,620.0
1999
3,170.0
4.7
Korea (Republic of)
1999
20,281.0
1999
1,353.0
6.3
Malaysia
1999
8,837.8
1999
313.7
3.4
New Zealand
1999
1,750.3
1999
127.8
6.8
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1999
1,885.9
1999
90.1
4.6
Sweden
1999
4,058.0
1999
241.0
5.6
United Kingdom
1999
27,442.3
1999
1,751.7
6.0
United States of America
1999
133,488.0
1999
5,880.0
4.2
Viet Nam
1997
36,994.0
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 years and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China and Viet Nam - Not specified; Greece - 14 years and over; Indonesia - 10 years and over; Malaysia - 15-64 years; Sweden - 16-64 years; UK and USA - 16 years and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 2000.

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