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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003   
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Sports industries

The ABS conducted a survey of organisations involved in sports and physical recreation industries in respect of 2000-01. It was an important year for these industries in Australia with the conduct of Sydney Olympic and Paralympic Games.

For the purposes of the 2000-01 survey, the industries included were:

  • horse and dog racing
  • health and fitness centres and gymnasia
  • other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities
  • sports and physical recreation administrative organisations
  • sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals
  • sports and physical recreation support services.

Government involvement in sport and physical recreation activities was also measured.

At the end of June 2001, there were 7,147 employing organisations involved in the provision of sport and physical recreation activities. These included 3,668 organisations in the 'for profit' sector, 2,849 in the 'not for profit' sector and 630 government organisations (table 21.40). 'Not for profit' organisations predominated in the sports and physical recreation administrative organisations industry, in which all organisations were 'not for profit', and in the sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals industry, with 81% of organisations being 'not for profit'.

During 2000-01, the total income of organisations in the sports and physical recreation industries was $8,466m. This income included that generated by organisations involved in the 2000 Sydney Olympic and Paralympic Games. Industries with the highest industry income were the other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities industry (total income of $3,563m), the sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals industry ($1,382m), the sports and physical recreation administrative organisations industry ($1,147m), and the horse and dog racing industry ($1,136m) (table 21.41).

Major income items included income from television and broadcasting rights ($1,349m), income from admissions ($1,142m), membership fees ($647m), funding from government ($731m) and net TAB distributions ($555m).

Total expenses of these industries were $8,608m. Labour costs of $2,148m accounted for 25% of total expenses.

The operating profit before tax of $89m for the sports and physical recreation industries represented an operating profit margin of 2%. However, only 51% of organisations in these industries were 'for profit' organisations.

At the end of June 2001, total employment in the sport and physical recreation industries was 98,267 persons. Of these persons, 30,631 were employed as professional sportspersons, sports coaches, trainers or development officers. In addition, there were 178,837 volunteers working for organisations in these industries during June 2001.

The industry value added for the sports and physical recreation industries in 2000-01 was $1,942m.


21.40 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION INDUSTRIES, By sector - 2000-01

Units
For profit
Not for profit
Government
organisations
Total

Businesses/organisations at 30 June
no.
3,668
2,849
630
7,147
Total employment at 30 June
no.
37,705
49,743
10,820
98,267
Total volunteers during the month of June
no.
4,404
174,433
-
178,837
Income
Funding from government
$m
119.0
149.6
462.7
731.3
Income from other grants and distributions
$m
26.7
228.8
-
255.5
Income from sponsorship and fundraising
$m
780.7
433.2
6.7
1,220.7
Income from players/participants playing fees
$m
385.6
147.5
-
533.2
Income from admissions
$m
665.6
323.0
153.1
1,141.7
Rent, leasing and hiring of sports grounds and facilities
$m
43.6
92.0
50.9
186.4
Income from television and broadcasting rights
$m
1,132.8
216.6
-
1,349.4
Other
$m
1,203.7
1,788.1
56.1
3,047.9
Total
$m
4,357.7
3,379.0
729.5
8,466.2
Expenses
Labour costs(a)
$m
955.5
937.5
254.8
2,147.8
Grants to other organisations
$m
11.9
267.5
215.8
495.2
Repair and maintenance of sporting grounds and recreational facilities
$m
66.6
111.5
168.5
346.5
Rent, leasing and hiring of sporting venues, facilities and equipment
$m
99.0
60.5
-
159.6
Gambling taxes and levies
$m
*0.2
8.4
-
8.6
Other expenses
$m
3,187.0
1,936.5
326.3
5,450.1
Total
$m
4,320.4
3,322.2
965.3
8,607.9

(a) For government organisations, labour costs include only wages and salaries.

Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (8686.0).


21.41 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION INDUSTRIES, By industry - 2000-01

Units
Horse and
dog racing
Health
centres(a)
Other sports
venuse(b)
Sports
admin(c)
Sports
clubs(d)
Other sports
services(e)
Govt(f)
Total

Businesses/organisations at 30 June
For profit
no.
750
620
745
-
372
1,181
. .
3,668
Not for profit
no.
284
47
119
756
1,565
78
. .
2,849
Government
no.
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
630
630
Total
no.
1,034
667
864
756
1,937
1,259
630
7,147
Locations at end June
Capital cities and suburbs
no.
n.a.
527
591
571
1,106
1,310
n.a.
n.a.
Non-metropolitan areas
no.
n.a.
270
434
393
1,118
630
n.a.
n.a.
Total
no.
n.a.
797
1,025
965
2,224
1,940
n.a.
n.a.
Total employment at end June
no.
15,900
12,552
15,842
11,814
23,312
8,028
10,820
98,267
Total volunteers during the month of June
no.
n.a.
*546
*7,962
106,427
61,950
1,952
n.a.
178,837
Members at end June
no.
105,833
501,264
224,343
n.a.
1,669,111
*81,901
n.a.
2,582,452
Income
Net TAB distributions
$m
555.4
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
555.4
Income from membership fees
$m
20.8
190.7
29.7
80.5
313.1
11.7
n.a.
646.6
Income from admissions
$m
26.5
0.6
644.8
228.6
87.3
0.7
153.1
1,141.7
Funding from government
$m
-
*1.1
131.2
106.1
10.9
19.3
462.7
731.3
Other income
$m
533.0
101.9
2,757.4
731.4
970.5
183.5
113.8
5,391.4
Total
$m
1,135.6
294.3
3,563.1
1,146.7
1,381.8
215.2
729.5
8,466.2
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
242.2
119.8
627.9
224.8
595.1
83.2
254.8
2,147.8
Prizemoney and trophy expenses
$m
404.2
*0.2
2.6
29.7
19.1
0.6
n.a.
456.4
Grants to other organisations
$m
-
1.7
5.2
237.4
32.9
2.2
215.8
495.2
Repair and maintenance expenses
$m
41.0
11.1
43.2
8.2
69.0
5.6
168.5
346.5
Other expenses
$m
419.9
145.3
2,904.6
600.1
670.8
94.9
326.3
5,161.9
Total
$m
1,107.3
278.1
3,583.6
1,100.2
1,386.9
186.5
965.3
8,607.9
Operating profit before tax
$m
30.6
16.0
*-18.6
45.7
**-12.5
28.0
. .
(g)89.3
Operating profit margin
%
2.7
5.6
*-3.0
*7.4
**-1.3
16.2
. .
2.1
Industry value added
$m
260.7
140.6
668.4
229.2
542.8
100.1
. .
1,941.9

(a) Also includes fitness centres and gymnasia.
(b) Also includes grounds and other facilities mainly used for physical recreation purposes.
(c) Includes sports and physical recreation administrative organisations.
(d) Includes sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals.
(e) Includes sports services such as education and coaching.
(f) Includes the sports and physical recreation activities of general government organisations.
(g) For businesses/organisations other than government organisations.

Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (8686.0).


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