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4906.0 - Personal Safety, Australia, 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2013   
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Contents >> Perpetrators of violence

PERPETRATORS OF VIOLENCE

The 2012 PSS collected detailed information from men and women aged 18 years and over about their experience of violence since the age of 15 by different types of male and female perpetrators. Perpetrator types include current partner, previous partner, boyfriend/girlfriend or date, other known man/woman, and stranger. Refer to Endnote 1 for definitions of perpetrator types.

Table 4 and Table 5 provide information about men's and women's experience of physical violence and sexual violence since the age of 15 by the detailed perpetrator types (refer to Endnote 2 for definitions of violence). Table 6 provides information about men's and women's experience of violence by a male perpetrator and female perpetrator since the age of 15 by detailed perpetrator types.

Due to the relatively small numbers of persons experiencing sexual violence and violence by a female perpetrator, it is not possible to provide the same level of detailed information for sexual violence as physical violence (refer Table 5), and for violence by female perpetrators as male perpetrators (refer Table 6). Many of the detailed estimates for sexual violence and violence by female perpetrators are subject to very high sampling error (for further details refer to the Technical Note). For this reason only limited information on sexual violence and violence by female perpetrators are included in the tables and commentary.

Where a person has experienced both physical and sexual violence, they are counted separately for each type of violence they experienced but are only counted once in the aggregated totals. Similarly, where a person has experienced violence by both a male and a female perpetrator, they are counted separately for each perpetrator they experienced violence by but are only counted once in the aggregated totals. Components therefore may not add to the totals.


PREVALENCE OF VIOLENCE SINCE THE AGE OF 15 - RELATIONSHIP TO PERPETRATOR BY TYPE OF VIOLENCE

Table A (below) provides a summary of men's and women's experience of physical and sexual violence since the age of 15 by broad perpetrator type grouping (stranger and/or known person). The information within this table is from Tables 4 and 5.


Table A: EXPERIENCE OF VIOLENCE SINCE THE AGE OF 15, Relationship to perpetrator by broad perpetrator type groups (extract from Tables 4 and 5)
Sexual violence(a)
Physical violence(b)
Total violence(c)

'000
%
'000
%
'000
%

MALES

Whether experienced violence
    Stranger
162.5
1.9
2,959.9
35.0
3,018.7
35.7
    Known person
274.3
3.2
2,168.3
25.6
2,255.9
26.6
Total males who experienced violence since the age of 15 (d)
381.1
4.5
4,072.2
48.1
4,148.0
49.0
Total males
8,466.2
100
8,466.2
100.0
8,466.2
100.0

FEMALES

Whether experienced violence
    Stranger
462.1
5.3
735.4
8.4
1,068.2
12.2
    Known person
1,433.4
16.4
2,589.5
29.6
3,106.5
35.6
Total females who experienced violence since the age of 15 (d)
1,696.1
19.4
3,006.1
34.4
3,560.6
40.8
Total females
8735.4
100.0
8,735.4
100.0
8,735.4
100.0

(a) Includes sexual assault and/or sexual threat.
(b) Includes physical assault and/or physical threat.
(c) Where a person has experienced both physical and sexual violence, they are counted separately for each type of violence they experienced but are only counted once in the aggregated total.
(d) Where a person has experienced violence by both a stranger and a known person, they are counted separately for each perpetrator type but are only counted once in the aggregated total.


Men's experience of violence since the age of 15 by type of violence


Violence:
Men aged 18 years and over were more likely to have experienced violence since the age of 15 by a stranger than by a known person. An estimated 3,018,700 men had experienced violence by a stranger (36% of all men) compared to 2,255,900 men who had experienced violence by a known person (27% of all men). The most likely type of known perpetrator was an acquaintance or neighbour (873,600, 10% of all men) (Refer Table 4).

Physical Violence:
Men aged 18 years and over were more likely to have experienced physical violence since the age of 15 by a stranger than by a known person. An estimated 2,959,900 men had experienced physical violence by a stranger (35% of all men) compared to 2,168,300 men who had experienced physical violence by a known person (26% of all men). The most likely type of known perpetrator was an acquaintance or neighbour (814,400, 10% of all men). (Refer Table 5).

Sexual Violence:
However, men aged 18 years and over were more likely to have experienced sexual violence since the age of 15 by a known person than by a stranger. An estimated 274,300 men had experienced sexual violence by a known person (3.2% of all men) compared to 162,500 men who had experienced sexual violence by a stranger (1.9% of all men). The most likely type of known perpetrator was an acquaintance or neighbour (96,300, 1.1% of all men) (Refer Table 5).

Women's experience of violence since the age of 15 by type of violence

Violence:
Women aged 18 years and over were more likely to have experienced violence since the age of 15 by a known person than by a stranger. An estimated 3,106,500 women had experienced violence by a known person (36% of all women) compared to 1,068,200 women who had experienced violence by a stranger (12% of all women). The most likely type of known perpetrator was a previous partner (1,267,200, 15% of all women) (Refer Table 4).) (Refer to Endnote 1 for a definition of previous partner).

Physical Violence:
Women aged 18 years and over were more likely to have experienced physical violence by a known person than by a stranger. An estimated 2,589,500 women had experienced physical violence by a known person (30% of all women) compared to 735,400 women who had experienced physical violence by a stranger (8% of all women). The most likely type of known perpetrator was a previous partner (1,158,700, 13% of all women). (Refer Table 5). (Refer to Endnote 1 for a definition of previous partner).

Sexual Violence:
Women aged 18 years and over were also more likely to have experienced sexual violence by a known person than by a stranger. An estimated 1,433,400 women had experienced sexual violence by a known person (16% of all women) compared to 462,100 women who had experienced sexual violence by a stranger (5% of all women). The most likely type of known perpetrator was a boyfriend/girlfriend or date (517,400, 5.9% of all women) (Refer Table 5).


ENDNOTES

Endnote 1

Perpetrator types for the purpose of PSS are defined as follows:

Stranger: Someone the respondent did not know, or someone they only knew by hearsay.

Current partner: The person the respondent currently lives with in a married or de facto relationship.

Previous partner: A person the respondent lived with at some point in a married or de facto relationship from whom the respondent is now separated. This includes a partner the respondent was living with at the time of experiencing violence; or a partner the respondent was no longer living with at the time of experiencing violence.

Boyfriend/girlfriend or date: This relationship may have different levels of commitment and involvement that does not involve living together. For example, this will include persons who have had one date only, regular dating with no sexual involvement, or a serious sexual or emotional relationship. It excludes de facto relationships.

Known person Includes: Father/Mother (includes step-parents); Son/Daughter (includes stepchildren); Brother/Sister (includes step siblings); Other male/female relative or in-law; Friend; Acquaintance/neighbour; Employer/boss/supervisor; Co-worker/co-volunteer; Counsellor/psychologist/psychiatrist; Doctor; Teacher; Priest/Minister/Rabbi etc; Prison officer; Ex-boyfriend/Ex-girlfriend; and any other known persons.

For further information about relationship to perpetrator refer to the Glossary.

Endnote 2 - Physical Violence includes Physical Assault and/or Physical Threat. Sexual Violence includes Sexual Assault and/or Sexual Threat.



This section contains the following subsection :
      Experience of violence since the age of 15, relationship to perpetrator by sex of perpetrator

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