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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 09/05/2002   
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Education


DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONS AGED 15-24 YEARS BY LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Country
Reference year
Below upper secondary education(a)
Upper secondary education and post-secondary non tertiary education(b)
Tertiary type B education(c)
Tertiary type A and advanced research programs(d)
Total
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
1999
43
31
9
18
100
Canada
1999
20
41
20
19
100
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
France
1999
38
41
10
11
100
Greece
1999
50
32
6
12
100
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Indonesia
1999
77
18
2
3
100
Italy
1999
57
34
(e)
9
100
Japan
1999
19
49
13
18
100
Korea (Republic of)
1999
34
44
6
17
100
Malaysia
1998
65
27
-
8
100
New Zealand
1999
26
46
14
13
100
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Sweden
1999
23
48
16
13
100
United Kingdom
1999
18
57
8
17
100
United States of America
1999
13
51
8
27
100
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100

(a) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 0, 1 and 2. For Australia this includes Preschool, Primary School and lower Secondary School levels as well as the Basic Vocational level.
(b) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 3 and 4. For Australia this includes Year 12 completion as well as the Skilled Vocational level.
(c) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5B. For Australia this includes Associate Diplomas and Undergraduate Diplomas.
(d) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 5A and 6. For Australia this includes Bachelor degree level or higher.
(e) Data are included in another column of the table.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2001, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2001, OECD, Paris.

EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION(a) AND EXPENDITURE

Enrolment rates by age group (years)

Country
Reference year(b)
15-19
20-29
30-39
40 and over
Reference year(b)
Total public expenditure as a proportion of GDP(c)
Total public and private expenditure as a proportion of GDP(d)
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
1999
80.3
27.3
14.0
6.0
1998
4.3
5.5
Canada
1999
75.3
20.3
4.4
1.2
1998
5.5
6.2
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
France
1999
87.2
18.9
1.8
(e)
1998
5.9
6.2
Greece
1999
82.0
15.9
-
-
1998
3.4
4.8
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
2000
37.0
2.6
-
-
1999
1.4
2.0
Italy
1999
70.7
16.9
1.6
0.1
1998
4.8
5.0
Japan
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1998
3.6
4.7
Korea (Republic of)
1999
81.2
21.9
1.2
0.3
1998
4.1
7.0
Malaysia
1998
r44.4
r5.6
r0.2
-
1998
4.5
n.a.
New Zealand
1999
72.5
20.4
8.7
2.9
1998
6.1
n.a.
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
1999
86.2
33.7
15.5
3.3
1998
6.6
6.8
United Kingdom
1999
72.5
23.6
14.0
5.0
1998
4.7
4.9
United States of America
1999
78.1
20.4
5.9
2.3
1998
4.8
6.4
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Participation rates are based on full-time and part-time enrolments.
(b) 1 January of the reference year is considered a good proxy for the mid-point of the school year except for New Zealand, Australia and Korea where 1 July is used as the mid-point of the reference period.
(c) Includes both purchases by the government agency itself on educational resources and also appropriations by the government agency to educational institutions which have been given responsibility to purchase educational resources themselves. Also includes public subsidies to households attributable for educational institutions, and direct expenditure on educational institutions from international sources.
(d) Public expenditure refers to the spending of public authorities at all levels. Private expenditure refers to expenditure funded by private sources i.e. households, private business firms and nonprofit organisations of religious, charitable or business and labour associations.
(e) Data are included in another column of the table.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2001, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2001, OECD, Paris.

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