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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 09/05/2002   
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Work


LABOUR FORCE

Participation rate of persons aged 15 to 64 years

Country
Reference year
Economically active
population(a)
Reference year
Total
Males
Females(a)
'000
%
%
%

Australia
2000
9,681.7
1999
72.9
82.1
63.9
Canada
2000
15,999.3
2000
76.3
82.1
70.5
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
1990
647,244.7
1995
85.4
90.1
80.4
France
2000
26,226.4
2000
68.0
74.4
61.7
Greece
2000
4,437.4
1998
62.5
77.1
48.5
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2000
3,382.8
1998
70.0
84.0
55.8
Indonesia
1999
95,793.2
1999
69.6
86.3
53.2
Italy
2000
23,721.0
1999
59.8
74.1
45.5
Japan
2000
67,680.0
2000
72.5
85.2
59.6
Korea (Republic of)
2000
21,951.0
1999
63.9
77.3
50.7
Malaysia
2000
9,616.1
1999
64.3
82.8
44.7
New Zealand
2000
1,892.3
1999
75.2
83.2
67.4
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
1995
79.1
88.7
68.7
Singapore
2000
2,192.5
1998
69.0
82.7
56.3
Sweden
2000
4,362.0
1999
78.5
80.9
76.0
United Kingdom
2000
29,411.7
1999
76.3
84.1
68.4
United States of America
2000
140,863.0
2000
77.2
83.9
70.8
Viet Nam
1989
29,525.5
1995
82.6
86.0
79.4

(a) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 1998, 2000 and 2001; International Labour Office, Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002.

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT(a)

Country
Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
'000
'000
%

Australia
2000
9,009.6
2000
641.0
6.6
Canada
2000
14,909.7
2000
1,089.6
6.8
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)(b)
2000
711,500.0
2000
5,950.0
3.1
France
2000
23,261.5
2000
2,590.2
10.0
Greece
2000
3,946.3
2000
491.1
11.1
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2000
3,214.4
2000
168.3
5.0
Indonesia
2000
89,824.0
2000
5,872.0
n.a.
Italy
2000
21,225.0
2000
2,495.0
10.5
Japan
2000
64,460.0
2000
3,200.0
4.7
Korea (Republic of)
2000
21,061.0
2000
889.0
4.1
Malaysia
2000
9,321.7
2000
294.4
3.1
New Zealand
2000
1,779.0
2000
113.4
6.0
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
2000
2,094.8
2000
97.5
4.4
Sweden
2000
4,159.0
2000
203.0
4.7
United Kingdom
1999
27,442.3
2000
1,619.1
5.5
United States of America
2000
135,208.0
2000
5,655.0
4.0
Viet Nam
1997
36,994.0
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 years and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China and Viet Nam - Not specified; Malaysia - 15-64 years; Sweden - 16-64 years; UK and USA - 16 years and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 2001.

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