Latest release
Sub-major Group

12 Farmers and Farm Managers

ANZSCO - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations
Reference period
2021

12 Farmers and Farm Managers

Farmers and Farm Managers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations involving aquaculture, broadacre crops, horticultural crops, and livestock.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this sub-major group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the operation of hatcheries and crop production
  • breeding and raising livestock and aquatic stock
  • monitoring and maintaining the health of stock
  • identifying and controlling environmental toxins, weeds, pests and diseases
  • organising and conducting farming operations such as maintaining buildings, water supply systems and equipment
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production to meet contract requirements and market demand
Minor Group

121 Farmers and Farm Managers

Farmers and Farm Managers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations involving aquaculture, broadacre crops, horticultural crops, and livestock.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the operation of hatcheries and crop production
  • breeding and raising livestock and aquatic stock
  • monitoring and maintaining the health of stock
  • identifying and controlling environmental toxins, weeds, pests and diseases
  • organising and conducting farming operations such as maintaining buildings, water supply systems and equipment
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production to meet contract requirements and market demand
Unit Group

1211 Aquaculture Farmers

Aquaculture Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to breed and raise fish and other aquatic stock.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the operation of hatcheries and grow-out operations taking into account environmental and market factors
  • coordinating and overseeing strategies to monitor the environment to maintain optimal growing conditions, minimise the impact of operations on the environment and manage biosecurity and other risks 
  • coordinating and overseeing strategies to monitor and maintain the health, welfare and condition of aquatic stock
  • overseeing and undertaking breeding, feeding and nutrition programs
  • overseeing transportation of aquatic stock to new tanks, ponds, cages and floating net pens
  • coordinating and overseeing harvesting, grading, processing and packaging operations for aquatic stock
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities including the provision and maintenance of farming infrastructure and equipment
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of aquatic stock
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • overseeing data collection and analysis and farm technology systems
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Occupation:

  • 121111 Aquaculture Farmer

121111 Aquaculture Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Aquaculture Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise fish and other aquatic stock.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Grow-Out Manager (Aquaculture)
  • Hatchery Manager (Aquaculture)
  • Oyster Farmer
Unit Group

1213 Livestock Farmers

Livestock Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to breed and raise livestock for the production of breeding stock, milk, eggs, meat, honey, wool and hair.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • breeding and raising livestock for the production of honey, meat, milk, skins, eggs and wool
  • overseeing and undertaking breeding, feeding and nutrition programs
  • monitoring and maintaining the health, welfare and condition of livestock, including developing and overseeing strategies to manage biosecurity and other risks
  • providing water, and providing and growing pastures and fodder crops to maintain livestock health and condition
  • organising farming operations and routines such as catching, drenching and milking livestock, sterilising machines, and collecting, grading and packaging produce
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities including the provision and maintenance of infrastructure such as fences, sheds, pens, water supply systems and irrigation infrastructure
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • overseeing data collection and analysis and farm technology systems
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Occupations:

  • 121311 Apiarist
  • 121312 Beef Cattle Farmer
  • 121313 Dairy Cattle Farmer
  • 121314 Deer Farmer
  • 121315 Goat Farmer
  • 121316 Horse Breeder
  • 121318 Pig Farmer
  • 121321 Poultry Farmer
  • 121322 Sheep Farmer
  • 121323 Mixed Cattle and Sheep Farmer 
  • 121399 Livestock Farmers nec

121311 Apiarist

Alternative Title:

  • Beekeeper

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and operates apiaries to produce honey, queen bee pollen, beeswax and royal jelly, breed queen bees and pollinate crops.

Skill Level: 1

121312 Beef Cattle Farmer

Alternative Titles:

  • Beef Cattle Farm Manager
  • Beef Cattle Grazier

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise beef cattle for meat and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

121313 Dairy Cattle Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Dairy Cattle Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise dairy cattle for milk, meat and breeding stock. 

Dairy Herd Managers are excluded from this occupation. Dairy Herd Managers are included in Occupation 363213 Senior Dairy Cattle Farm Worker.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Share Dairy Farmer

121314 Deer Farmer

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise deer for meat, velvet, hides and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

121315 Goat Farmer

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise goats for fibre, milk, meat and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

121316 Horse Breeder

Alternative Title:

  • Horse Stud Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise horses for competition, dressage, eventing, showjumping, riding for pleasure and working.

Skill Level: 1

121318 Pig Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Pig Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise pigs for meat and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Pig Breeder

121321 Poultry Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Poultry Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise chickens, turkeys, ducks and other poultry for eggs, meat and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Egg Producer
  • Hatchery Manager (Poultry)

121322 Sheep Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Sheep Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise sheep for wool, meat and breeding stock.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Wool Grower

121323 Mixed Cattle and Sheep Farmer

Alternative Title: 

  • Mixed Cattle and Sheep Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to breed and raise cattle and sheep.

Skill Level: 1

121399 Livestock Farmers nec

This occupation group covers Livestock Farmers not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Alpaca Farmer
  • Crocodile Farmer
  • Dog Breeder
  • Emu Farmer
  • Llama Farmer
  • Ostrich Farmer
Unit Group

1215 Broadacre Crop Growers

Broadacre Crop Growers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to grow broadacre crops such as cereals, oilseeds, pulses, sugar cane, rice, cotton and pasture crops.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of broadacre crops, from soil preparation to harvest, taking into account environmental and market factors

  • planning crop production and selecting seed and plant stock

  • coordinating and developing strategies for cultivating, fertilising and watering to maintain optimal production, crop health and growing conditions

  • organising farming operations and routines, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce

  • planning and coordinating the sale, purchase and despatch of produce

  • directing and overseeing general farming activities to maintain crop health by managing biosecurity and other risks and controlling pests and weeds 

  • planning and overseeing the provision and maintenance of infrastructure such as equipment, machinery, sheds and water supply and irrigation systems

  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning production accordingly

  • overseeing data collection and analysis and farm technology systems

  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management

  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Occupations:

  • 121511 Cotton Grower
  • 121512 Grain, Oilseed, Pulse or Pasture Grower / Field Crop Grower
  • 121513 Sugar Cane Grower
  • 121599 Broadacre Crop Growers nec

121511 Cotton Grower

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow cotton.

Skill Level: 1

121512 Grain, Oilseed, Pulse or Pasture Grower / Field Crop Grower

Alternative Title:

  • Grain, Oilseed, Pulse or Pasture Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow grain (including certified seed and specialty grains), fodder, legumes, lupins, oilseeds, pulse and pasture crops.

Skill Level: 1

121513 Sugar Cane Grower

Alternative Title:

  • Sugar Cane Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow sugar cane.

Skill Level: 1

121599 Broadacre Crop Growers nec

This occupation group covers Broadacre Crop Growers not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Tree Farmer
Unit Group

1216 Horticultural Crop Growers

Horticultural Crop Growers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to grow horticultural crops such as flowers, fruit, grapes, nuts, turf and vegetables.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of horticultural crops, from soil preparation to harvest, taking into account environmental and market factors
  • planning crop production and selecting seeds, seedlings, bulbs and plant stock
  • coordinating and developing strategies for cultivating, fertilising and watering to maintain optimal production, crop health and growing conditions
  • organising farming operations and routines, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce 
  • planning and coordinating the sale, purchase and despatch of produce
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities to maintain crop health by managing biosecurity and other risks and controlling pests and weeds
  • planning and overseeing the provision and maintenance of infrastructure such as equipment, machinery, sheds and water supply systems and irrigation systems
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning production accordingly
  • overseeing data collection and analysis and farm technology systems
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Occupations:

  • 121611 Flower Grower
  • 121612 Fruit Grower
  • 121613 Nut Grower
  • 121614 Production Nursery Grower
  • 121615 Turf Grower
  • 121616 Vegetable Grower (Aus) / Market Gardener (NZ)
  • 121617 Wine Grape Grower
  • 121699 Horticultural Crop Growers nec

121611 Flower Grower

Alternative Title:

  • Floriculturist

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs planting, cultivating and harvesting activities to grow flowering and foliage plants.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Market Gardener (Flowers) (Aus)

121612 Fruit Grower

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow fruit, including table grapes.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Market Gardener (Fruit) (Aus)
  • Olive Grower
  • Orchardist

121613 Nut Grower

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow nuts, excluding those grown as broadacre crops (e.g. peanuts).

Skill Level: 1

121614 Production Nursery Grower

Plans, organises, controls and coordinates the propagation and growing of horticultural plant stock for wholesale. May also grow plants and seedlings for retail customers.

Skill Level: 1

121615 Turf Grower

Alternative Title:

  • Turf Farmer

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow turf.

Skill Level: 1

121616 Vegetable Grower (Aus) / Market Gardener (NZ)

Alternative Title:

  • Vegetable Farm Manager

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming, greenhouse and market garden operations to grow vegetables.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Market Gardener (Vegetables) (Aus)

121617 Wine Grape Grower

Alternative Titles:

  • Vineyard Manager (Wine Grapes)
  • Viticulturist (Wine Grapes)
  • Vigneron

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming operations to grow wine grapes.

Skill Level: 1

121699 Horticultural Crop Growers nec

This occupation group covers Horticultural Crop Growers not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Coffee Grower
  • Ginger Farmer
  • Hop Farmer
  • Mushroom Grower
Unit Group

1217 Mixed Production Farmers

Mixed Production Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations spanning two or more of the four different primary production areas - aquaculture, broadacre crops, horticultural crops, and livestock.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of commodities from at least two of the following four different primary production areas - aquaculture, broadacre crops, horticultural crops, and livestock
  • breeding and raising animals or aquatic stock for the production of food, wool, skins, milk or eggs, and growing grain, seed crops, vegetables, fruit or nuts
  • monitoring and maintaining the health, welfare and condition of livestock or aquatic stock
  • providing pastures, fodder and water to maintain animal health and condition
  • planning crop production and selecting seed and plant stock
  • maintaining crop production by coordinating and developing cultivating, fertilising, watering and crop health strategies and maintaining optimal growing conditions
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities to maintain animal and crop health by managing biosecurity and other risks and controlling pests and weeds
  • planning and overseeing the provision and maintenance of infrastructure such as equipment, machinery, sheds and water supply systems and irrigation systems
  • planning and coordinating the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • overseeing data collection and analysis and farm technology systems
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Occupations:

  • 121711 Broadacre Crop and Livestock Farmer
  • 121799 Mixed Production Farmers nec

121711 Broadacre Crop and Livestock Farmer

Alternative Title:

  • Farmer and Grazier

Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and performs farming and farm management activities involving the cultivation of broadacre crops and the breeding and raising of livestock.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Cattle and Wheat Farmer
  • Sheep and Wheat Farmer

121799 Mixed Production Farmers nec

This occupation group covers Mixed Production Farmers not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1