Sub-major Group

23 Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals

Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals fly and ensure the safe operation of aircraft, control and manage the operation of ships, boats and marine equipment, design buildings, landscapes and products for manufacture and visual communication, design, plan and organise the testing, construction and maintenance of structures, machines, production systems and plants, and perform analytical, conceptual and practical tasks in relation to the chemical and physical properties of the universe, living organisms, and the environment.

Indicative Skill Level:

Most occupations in this sub-major group have a level of skill commensurate with the qualifications and experience outlined below.

In Australia:

  • AQF Bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1); or
  • AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In New Zealand:

  • NZQF Bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1); or
  • NZQF Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks Include:

  • flying aircraft, and ensuring the safe and efficient operation of aircraft in flight and on the ground
  • controlling and directing the operation of ships, boats and marine equipment to ensure the safe and efficient loading and transport of cargo and passengers
  • designing products including furniture, textiles and maps, and physical structures and engineering systems
  • conducting research and practical tests to resolve design and operational problems
  • interpreting and analysing data from engineering and scientific experiments and tests
  • conducting experiments and tests to determine the chemical composition and reactive properties of natural substances and processed materials
  • analysing and describing living organisms and their interaction with their environment
  • advising on the use of natural resources, and discussing and making recommendations to individuals and groups about variables affecting land use
Minor Group

231 Air and Marine Transport Professionals

Air and Marine Transport Professionals fly and navigate aircraft, control air traffic to ensure the safe and efficient operation of aircraft in flight and on the ground, and control and direct the operation of ships, boats and marine equipment.

Indicative Skill Level:

Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with the qualifications and experience outlined below.

In Australia:

  • AQF Bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1); or
  • AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In New Zealand:

  • NZQF Bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1); or
  • NZQF Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks Include:

  • flying aircraft in accordance with established air traffic control and aircraft operating procedures
  • controlling aircraft movements, and directing aircraft taxiing, take-offs and landings by radio
  • monitoring aircraft performance and reporting on mechanical condition of aircraft
  • giving in-flight instruction, supervising solo flights, accompanying students on training flights and demonstrating techniques for controlling aircraft
  • directing fishing operations by using knowledge about the species sought, fishing areas, seasons and the capabilities of the vessel and crew
  • controlling and directing shipping operations to ensure the safe and efficient loading and transport of cargo and passengers
  • planning, controlling and coordinating the operational and maintenance requirements of a ship's propulsion and domestic plant and equipment
  • examining and approving design plans of hulls and equipment such as main propulsion engines, auxiliary boilers and turbines, electrical power generating plant, refrigeration and airconditioning plant and pumping systems
  • monitoring a ship's navigational situation, and supervising a ship's course and speed according to predetermined passage plan and safety
Unit Group

2311 Air Transport Professionals

Air Transport Professionals fly and navigate aircraft, control and direct air traffic to ensure the safe and efficient operation of aircraft in flight and on the ground, and instruct students in flying aircraft.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification. Aeroplane and Helicopter Pilots require a prescribed minimum amount of flying experience in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks Include:

  • preparing and submitting flight plans giving consideration to factors such as weather conditions and aircraft performance
  • flying aircraft in accordance with established air traffic control and aircraft operating procedures
  • providing flight information for flight crews and air traffic services staff
  • controlling aircraft movements, and directing aircraft taxiing, take-offs and landings by radio
  • providing pre-flight briefings and aeronautical information services
  • completing cockpit preparations and external inspections to determine that aircraft are acceptable for flight
  • monitoring aircraft performance and reporting on mechanical condition
  • giving in-flight instruction, supervising solo flights, accompanying students on training flights and demonstrating techniques for controlling aircraft

Occupations:

  • 231111 Aeroplane Pilot
  • 231112 Air Traffic Controller
  • 231113 Flying Instructor
  • 231114 Helicopter Pilot
  • 231199 Air Transport Professionals nec

231111 Aeroplane Pilot

Flies aeroplanes to transport passengers, mail and freight, or provide agricultural, aerial surveillance or other aviation services. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

231112 Air Traffic Controller

Ensures the safe and efficient movement of aircraft in controlled airspace and aerodromes by directing aircraft movements. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

231113 Flying Instructor

Teaches the theory and practical skills of flying aircraft. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Gliding Pilot Instructor
  • Helicopter Pilot Instructor

231114 Helicopter Pilot

Flies helicopters to transport passengers, mail or freight, or provide agricultural, aviation or aerial surveillance services. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

231199 Air Transport Professionals nec

This occupation group covers Air Transport Professionals not elsewhere classified. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Aircraft Navigator
  • Airworthiness Inspector
  • Balloonist
  • Flight Engineer Inspector
Unit Group

2312 Marine Transport Professionals

Marine Transport Professionals control and manage the operations of ships, boats and marine equipment.

Indicative Skill Level:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with the qualifications and experience outlined below.

In Australia:

  • AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In New Zealand:

  • NZQF Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification. Note: some roles within this unit group are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks Include:

  • directing fishing operations by using knowledge about the species sought, fishing areas, seasons and the capabilities of the vessel and crew
  • directing crew in catching fish, molluscs and crustacea at varying depths using nets, lines, poles, pots and traps
  • planning, controlling and coordinating the operational and maintenance requirements of a ship's propulsion and domestic plant and equipment
  • operating plant and equipment and performing routine maintenance on ship's systems including mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, steam generating, and fire prevention and control systems
  • controlling and directing shipping operations to ensure the safe and efficient loading and transport of cargo and passengers
  • ensuring compliance with regulations pertaining to safety at sea and protection of the marine environment
  • directing the activities of the deck crew for navigational support tasks, berthing and unberthing, maintenance, cleaning and painting of superstructures, and repair and replacement of defective deck gear and equipment
  • navigating a ship by supervising the ship's course and speed according to predetermined passage plans and safety procedures
  • examining and approving design plans of hulls and equipment such as main propulsion engines, auxiliary boilers and turbines, electrical power generating plant, refrigeration and airconditioning plant and pumping systems
  • conducting periodic surveys throughout a ship's life to ensure standards are maintained

Occupations:

  • 231211 Master Fisher
  • 231212 Ship's Engineer
  • 231213 Ship's Master
  • 231214 Ship's Officer
  • 231215 Marine Surveyor
  • 231299 Marine Transport Professionals nec

231211 Master Fisher

Controls a fishing vessel and fishing operations to catch and preserve fish, crustacea and molluscs. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

231212 Ship's Engineer

Alternative Title:

  • Marine Engineer

Controls and manages the operation and maintenance of a ship's plant and equipment. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

Specialisations:

  • Mechanical Engineering Officer (Navy)
  • Weapons Electrical Engineering Officer (Navy)

231213 Ship's Master

Alternative Title:

  • Ship's Captain

Controls and manages the operations of a ship or boat. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

Specialisations:

  • Dredge Master
  • Ship's Pilot
  • Tug Master

231214 Ship's Officer

Alternative Title:

  • Deck Officer

Navigates and controls the safe operation of a ship and supervises and coordinates the activities of deck crew. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

Specialisations:

  • Navigating Officer (Ship's)
  • Seaman Officer (Navy)

231215 Marine Surveyor

Alternative Title:

  • Ship's Surveyor

Surveys machines and hulls of ships to ensure they are constructed, equipped and maintained according to safety standards, rules and regulations laid down by marine authorities. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

231299 Marine Transport Professionals nec

This occupation group covers Marine Transport Professionals not elsewhere classified. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 2 Note: some roles within this occupation are at ANZSCO Skill Level 1.

Occupations in this group include:

  • Boating Safety Officer
  • Marine Safety Officer
  • Vessel Traffic Officer
Minor Group

232 Architects, Designers, Planners and Surveyors

Architects, Designers, Planners and Surveyors design building exteriors and interiors, and landscapes; conduct survey work to precisely position geographical features, and design, prepare and revise maps; design information for visual communication, publication and display, and products for manufacture; and develop and implement plans and policies for controlling the use of land.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. For some occupations at least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • obtaining advice from and providing information to clients and management about design, size, materials and costs associated with new buildings and alterations to existing buildings
  • consulting with professionals and clients about external area designs, costs and construction
  • designing and compiling map manuscripts using digital and graphical source material such as aerial photographs, satellite imagery, survey documents, existing maps and records, and reports and statistics
  • planning and designing land subdivision projects and negotiating details with local governments and other authorities
  • formulating design concepts for clothing, textiles, industrial, commercial and consumer products, jewellery and building interiors
  • undertaking research and analysing functional, spatial, commercial, cultural, safety and aesthetic requirements
  • preparing sketches, diagrams, illustrations and samples to communicate design concepts
  • determining the objectives and constraints of design briefs by consulting with clients and stakeholders
  • compiling and analysing data on economic, legal, political, cultural, demographic, sociological, physical and environmental factors affecting land use
Unit Group

2321 Architects and Landscape Architects

Architects and Landscape Architects design commercial, industrial, institutional, residential and recreational buildings and landscapes.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • obtaining advice from clients and management to determine type, style, and size of planned buildings and alterations to existing buildings
  • providing information regarding designs, materials, and estimated building times
  • preparing project documentation, including sketches and scale drawings, and integrating structural, mechanical and aesthetic elements in final designs
  • writing specifications and contract documents for use by builders and calling tenders on behalf of clients
  • consulting with Professionals and clients about external area designs, costs and construction
  • compiling and analysing site and community data about geographical and ecological features, landforms, soils, vegetation, site hydrology, visual characteristics and human-made structures, to formulate land use and development recommendations, and for preparing environmental impact statements
  • preparing reports, site plans, working drawings, specifications and cost estimates for land development, showing location and details of proposals, including ground modelling, structures, vegetation and access
  • inspecting construction work in progress to ensure compliance with plans, specifications, and quality standards

Occupations:

  • 232111 Architect
  • 232112 Landscape Architect

232111 Architect

Plans and designs buildings, provides concepts, plans, specifications and detailed drawings, negotiates with builders and advises on the procurement of buildings. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Conservation or Heritage Architect

232112 Landscape Architect

Plans and designs land areas for projects such as open space networks, parks, schools, institutions, roads, external areas for all building types, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial and residential sites.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2322 Surveyors and Spatial Scientists

Surveyors and Spatial Scientists plan, direct and conduct survey work to determine and delineate boundaries and features of tracts of land, marine floors and underground works, prepare and revise maps, charts and other geographic products, and analyse, present and maintain geographical information about locations in space and time.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • determining the position of points of interest on the earth's surface including marine floors, and preparing the final product data in digital form
  • supervising the preparation of plans, maps, charts and drawings, to give pictorial representations and managing spatial information systems
  • undertaking research and development of surveying and photogrammetric measurement systems, cadastral systems and land information systems
  • planning and designing land subdivision projects and negotiating details with local governments and other authorities
  • advising Architects, Engineering Professionals, environmental and other scientists or other relevant professionals on the technical requirements of surveying, mapping, and spatial information systems
  • compiling and evaluating data, interpreting codes of practice, and writing reports concerning survey measurement, land use and tenure
  • preparing site plans and survey reports required for conveyancing and land ownership matters
  • evaluating, compiling and maintaining spatial information using a range of digital and graphical source materials, including aerial photographs, satellite imagery, survey documents, existing maps and records, historical data, reports and statistics
  • analysing and interpreting data to design maps, graphs, plans, drawings, and three-dimensional models using geographic information and related systems
  • developing and trialling new applications for use in geographic information systems
  • supervising and coordinating the work of Surveying or Spatial Science Technicians in the production and reproduction of geographic products

Occupations:

  • 232212 Surveyor
  • 232213 Cartographer
  • 232214 Other Spatial Scientist

232212 Surveyor

Plans, directs and conducts survey work to determine, delineate, plan and precisely position tracts of land, natural and constructed features, coastlines, marine floors and underground works, and manages related information systems. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Cadastral Surveyor
  • Engineering Surveyor
  • Geodetic Surveyor
  • Hydrographic Surveyor
  • Mine Surveyor
  • Photogrammetric Surveyor

232213 Cartographer

Applies scientific, mathematical and cartographic design principles to prepare and revise maps, charts and other forms of cartographic output.

Skill Level: 1

232214 Other Spatial Scientist

Acquires, integrates, analyses, interprets, presents, manages and distributes information about locations in space and time, and develops related equipment, software and services.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Geographic Information Systems Manager
  • Geospatial Analyst
Unit Group

2323 Fashion, Industrial and Jewellery Designers

Fashion, Industrial and Jewellery Designers plan, design, develop and document products for manufacture and prepare designs and specifications of products for mass, batch and one-off production.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • determining the objectives and constraints of the design brief by consulting with clients and stakeholders
  • undertaking product research and analysing functional, commercial, cultural and aesthetic requirements
  • formulating design concepts for clothing, textiles, industrial, commercial and consumer products, and jewellery
  • preparing sketches, diagrams, illustrations, plans, samples and models to communicate design concepts
  • negotiating design solutions with clients, management, and sales and manufacturing staff
  • selecting, specifying and recommending functional and aesthetic materials, production methods and finishes for manufacture
  • detailing and documenting the selected design for production
  • preparing and commissioning prototypes and samples
  • supervising the preparation of patterns, programs and tooling, and the manufacture process

Occupations:

  • 232311 Fashion Designer
  • 232312 Industrial Designer
  • 232313 Jewellery Designer

232311 Fashion Designer

Plans, designs and develops clothing, accessories, footwear or other items of personal apparel considering the form and construction of clothing, historical styles and contexts, contemporary and cultural trends, colour, fabric, and decoration, and the techniques and processes available for manufacture.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Costume Designer

232312 Industrial Designer

Alternative Title:

  • Product Designer

Plans, designs, develops and documents industrial, commercial or consumer products for manufacture with particular emphasis on ergonomic (human) factors, marketing considerations and manufacturability, and prepares designs and specifications of products for mass or batch production.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Ceramic Designer
  • Furniture Designer
  • Glass Designer
  • Textile Designer

232313 Jewellery Designer

Conceptualises and designs prototypes and details for the manufacture of jewellery and objects for personal adornment, such as watches and spectacles, homewares and other objects, such as trophies and silverware, using metals, precious stones, plastics, engraving, casting and fabrication, to develop designs for mass or batch production or one-off commissions.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2324 Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators

Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators design information for visual and audio communication, publication and display using print, film, electronic, digital and other forms of visual and audio media.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • determining the objectives and constraints of the design brief by consulting with clients and stakeholders
  • undertaking research and analysing functional communication requirements
  • formulating design concepts for the subject to be communicated
  • preparing sketches, diagrams, illustrations and layouts to communicate design concepts
  • negotiating design solutions with clients, management, sales and production staff
  • selecting, specifying or recommending functional and aesthetic materials and media for publication, delivery or display
  • detailing and documenting the selected design for production
  • supervising or carrying out production in the chosen media
  • may archive information for future client use

Occupations:

  • 232411 Graphic Designer
  • 232412 Illustrator
  • 232413 Multimedia Designer
  • 232414 Web Designer

232411 Graphic Designer

Alternative Title:

  • Graphic Artist

Plans, designs, develops and prepares information for publication and reproduction using text, symbols, pictures, colours and layout to achieve commercial and communication needs with particular emphasis on tailoring the message for the intended audience.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Exhibition Designer
  • Film and Video Graphics Designer
  • Publication Designer

232412 Illustrator

Plans, designs, develops, and prepares pictures and diagrams to communicate messages, clarify meaning, assist in presentations and illustrate stories, using traditional and digital media such as drawing, painting, drafting, collage, models, photography, and image capture and manipulation software.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Animator
  • Cartoonist
  • Technical Illustrator

232413 Multimedia Designer

Alternative Titles:

  • Digital Media Designer
  • Interactive Media Designer

Plans, designs and develops the production of digitally delivered information, promotional content, instructional material and entertainment through online and recorded digital media using static and animated information, text, pictures, video and sound to produce information and entertainment tailored to an intended audience and purpose.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Instructional Designer

232414 Web Designer

Plans, designs, develops and prepares information for Internet publication with particular emphasis on the user interface, ease of navigation and location of information using text, pictures, animation, sound, colours, layout and data sources to deliver information tailored to an intended audience and purpose.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2325 Interior Designers

Interior Designers plan, design, detail and supervise the construction of commercial, industrial, retail and residential building interiors to produce an environment tailored to a purpose, with particular emphasis on space creation, space planning, and factors that enhance living and working environments.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia:

  • AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In New Zealand:

  • NZQF Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2)

In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks Include:

  • determining the objectives and constraints of the design brief by consulting with clients and stakeholders
  • researching and analysing spatial, functional, efficiency, safety and aesthetic requirements
  • formulating design concepts for building interiors
  • preparing sketches, diagrams, illustrations and plans to communicate design concepts
  • negotiating design solutions with clients, management, suppliers and construction staff
  • selecting, specifying and recommending functional and aesthetic materials, furniture and products for interiors
  • detailing and documenting selected design for construction
  • supervising the construction of interiors

Occupation:

  • 232511 Interior Designer

232511 Interior Designer

Plans, designs, details and supervises the construction of commercial, industrial, retail and residential building interiors to produce an environment tailored to a purpose, with particular emphasis on space creation, space planning, and factors that enhance living and working environments.

Skill Level: 2

Specialisations:

  • Commercial Interior Designer
  • Environmental Designer
  • Residential Interior Designer
  • Retail Interior Designer
Unit Group

2326 Urban and Regional Planners

Urban and Regional Planners develop and implement plans and policies for the controlled use of urban and rural land, and advise on economic, environmental and social factors affecting land use.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • compiling and analysing data on economic, legal, political, cultural, demographic, sociological, physical and environmental factors affecting land use
  • conferring with government authorities, communities, Architects, social scientists, Legal Professionals, and planning, development and environmental specialists
  • devising and recommending use and development of land, and presenting narrative and graphic plans, programs and designs to groups and individuals
  • advising governments and organisations on urban and regional planning and resource planning
  • reviewing and evaluating environmental impact reports
  • staying up-to-date with changes in building and zoning codes, regulations and other legal issues
  • may serve as mediators in disputes over planning proposals and projects
  • may speak at public meetings and appear before government to explain planning proposals

Occupation:

  • 232611 Urban and Regional Planner

232611 Urban and Regional Planner

Develops and implements plans and policies for the controlled use of urban and rural land, and advises on economic, environmental and social factors affecting land use.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Land Planner
  • Resource Management Planner (NZ)
  • Town Planner
  • Traffic and Transport Planner
Minor Group

233 Engineering Professionals

Engineering Professionals design, plan and organise the testing, construction, installation and maintenance of structures, machines and their components, and production systems and plants, and plan production schedules and work procedures to ensure engineering projects are undertaken efficiently and in a cost effective manner.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • planning and designing chemical process systems, civil engineering projects, electrical power equipment and facilities, electronic components used in computer and industrial applications, mechanical equipment and systems, mining and drilling operations, and other engineering projects
  • drafting and interpreting specifications, drawings and plans, and determining construction methods
  • supervising the construction of structures, water and gas supply and transportation systems, and the manufacture, installation, operation and maintenance of equipment, machines and plant
  • organising and managing project labour and the delivery of materials, plant and equipment
  • estimating total costs and preparing detailed cost plans and estimates as tools for budgetary control
  • resolving design and operational problems in the various fields of engineering through the application of engineering technology
Unit Group

2331 Chemical and Materials Engineers

Chemical and Materials Engineers design and prepare specifications for chemical process systems and the construction and operation of commercial-scale chemical plants, supervise industrial processing and fabrication of products undergoing physical and chemical change, and investigate the properties of metals, ceramics, polymers and other materials and assess and develop their engineering and commercial applications.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • preparing designs for chemical process systems and planning control systems for processes such as those used to remove and separate components, effect chemical changes, test and evaluate fuels, transfer heat, and control the storing and handling of solids, liquids and gases
  • monitoring the operation and maintenance of equipment to achieve maximum efficiency under safe operating conditions
  • ensuring correct materials and equipment are used and that they conform to specifications
  • diagnosing malfunctions in chemical plants and instituting remedial action
  • studying product utilisation and pollution control problems
  • reviewing plans for new products and submitting material selection recommendations in accordance with design specifications and factors such as strength, weight and cost
  • planning and implementing laboratory operations to develop new materials and fabrication procedures for new materials to fulfil production cost and performance standards
  • conferring with producers of materials, such as metals, ceramics, polymers, cements and elastomers, during the investigation and evaluation of materials suitable for specific product applications
  • reviewing product failure data and implementing laboratory tests to establish or reject possible causes, and advising on ways to overcome any problems

Occupations:

  • 233111 Chemical Engineer
  • 233112 Materials Engineer

233111 Chemical Engineer

Designs and prepares specifications for chemical process systems and the construction and operation of commercial-scale chemical plants, and supervises industrial processing and fabrication of products undergoing physical and chemical changes. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233112 Materials Engineer

Investigates the properties of metals, ceramics, polymers and other materials and assesses and develops their engineering and commercial applications. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2332 Civil Engineering Professionals

Civil Engineering Professionals design, plan, organise and oversee the construction of civil engineering projects such as dams, bridges, pipelines, gas and water supply schemes, sewerage systems, roads, airports and other structures; analyse the likely behaviour of soil and rock when placed under pressure by proposed structures and design structural foundations; analyse the statical properties of all types of structures and test the behaviour and durability of materials used in their construction; plan and develop transportation systems; and estimate and monitor the construction costs of projects.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • determining construction methods, materials and quality standards, and drafting and interpreting specifications, drawings, plans, construction methods and procedures
  • organising and directing site labour and the delivery of construction materials, plant and equipment, and establishing detailed programs for the coordination of site activities
  • obtaining soil and rock samples at different depths across sites and testing samples to determine strength, compressibility and other factors that affect the behaviour of soil and rock when a structure is imposed and determining the safe loading for the soil
  • studying architectural and engineering drawings and specifications to estimate total costs, and preparing detailed cost plans and estimates as tools to assist in budgetary control
  • monitoring changes to designs, assessing effects on cost, and measuring, valuing and negotiating variations to designs
  • analysing structural systems for both static and dynamic loads
  • designing structures to ensure they do not collapse, bend, twist or vibrate in undesirable ways
  • assessing present and future travel flow patterns taking into account population increase and needs change
  • designing the physical aspects of transportation systems such as highways, railroads, urban transit, air transportation, logistical supply systems and their terminals

Occupations:

  • 233211 Civil Engineer
  • 233212 Geotechnical Engineer
  • 233213 Quantity Surveyor
  • 233214 Structural Engineer
  • 233215 Transport Engineer

233211 Civil Engineer

Plans, designs, organises and oversees the construction and operation of dams, bridges, pipelines, gas and water supply schemes, sewerage systems, airports and other civil engineering projects. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Airfield Engineer Officer (Air Force)
  • Hydraulics Engineer

233212 Geotechnical Engineer

Plans, directs and conducts survey work to analyse the likely behaviour of soil and rock when placed under pressure by proposed structures, and designs above and below ground foundations. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233213 Quantity Surveyor

Alternative Titles:

  • Building Economist
  • Construction Economist

Estimates and monitors construction costs from the project feasibility stage, through tender preparation, to the construction period and beyond. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233214 Structural Engineer

Analyses the statical properties of all types of structures, tests the behaviour and durability of materials used in their construction, and designs and supervises the construction of all types of structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233215 Transport Engineer

Plans and develops transport systems to improve infrastructure efficiency and the cost effectiveness of moving people and freight. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Roading Engineer (NZ)
Unit Group

2333 Electrical Engineers

Electrical Engineers design, develop and supervise the manufacture, installation, operation and maintenance of equipment, machines and systems for the generation, distribution, utilisation and control of electric power.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • planning and designing power stations and power generation equipment
  • determining the type and arrangement of circuits, transformers, circuit-breakers, transmission lines and other equipment
  • developing products such as electric motors, components, equipment and appliances
  • interpreting specifications, drawings, standards and regulations relating to electric power equipment and use
  • organising and managing resources used in the supply of electrical components, machines, appliances and equipment
  • establishing delivery and installation schedules for machines, switchgear, cables and fittings
  • supervising the operation and maintenance of power stations, transmission and distribution systems and industrial plants
  • designing and installing control and signalling equipment for road, rail and air traffic
  • may specialise in research in areas such as power generation and transmission systems, transformers, switchgear and electric motors, telemetry and control systems

Occupation:

  • 233311 Electrical Engineer

233311 Electrical Engineer

Designs, develops and supervises the manufacture, installation, operation and maintenance of equipment, machines and systems for the generation, distribution, utilisation and control of electric power. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Electrical Design Engineer
  • Railway Signalling Engineer
  • Signalling and Communications Engineer
Unit Group

2334 Electronics Engineers

Electronics Engineers design, develop, adapt, install, test and maintain electronic components, circuits and systems used for computer, communication, command and warfare systems, entertainment, transport and other industrial applications.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • designing electronic components, circuits and systems used for computer, communication and control systems, command and warfare systems, and other industrial applications
  • designing software, especially embedded software, to be used within such systems
  • developing apparatus and procedures to test electronic components, circuits and systems
  • supervising installation and commissioning of computer, communication and control systems, and ensuring proper control and protection methods
  • establishing and monitoring performance and safety standards and procedures for operation, modification, maintenance and repair of such systems
  • designing communications bearers based on wired, optical fibre and wireless communication media
  • analysing communications traffic and level of service, and determining the type of installation, location, layout and transmission medium for communication systems
  • designing and developing signal processing algorithms and implementing these through appropriate choice of hardware and software
  • designing the architecture, modelling and integration of communication and control systems, command and warfare systems, and other industrial applications

Occupation:

  • 233411 Electronics Engineer

233411 Electronics Engineer

Designs, develops, adapts, installs, tests and maintains electronic components, circuits and systems used for computer, communication, command and warfare systems, entertainment, transport and other industrial applications. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Combat System Engineer
Unit Group

2335 Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers

Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers design, organise and oversee the construction, operation, logistics and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations, establish programs for the coordination of manufacturing activities, and ensure usage of resources is cost effective.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • developing and reviewing functional statements, organisational charts and project information to determine functions and responsibilities of workers and work units and to identify areas of duplication
  • establishing work measurement programs and analysing work samples to develop standards for labour utilisation
  • analysing workforce utilisation, facility layout, operational data and production schedules and costs, to determine optimum worker and equipment efficiencies
  • designing mechanical equipment, machines, components, products for manufacture, and plant and systems for construction
  • developing specifications for manufacture, and determining materials, equipment, piping, material flows, capacities and layout of plant construction and systems
  • organising and managing project labour and the delivery of materials, plant and equipment
  • establishing standards and policies for installation, modification, quality control, testing, inspection and maintenance according to engineering principles and safety regulations
  • carrying out inspections to ensure optimum performance is maintained
  • directing the maintenance and coordinating the requirements for new designs, surveys and maintenance schedules

Occupations:

  • 233511 Industrial Engineer
  • 233512 Mechanical Engineer
  • 233513 Production or Plant Engineer

233511 Industrial Engineer

Investigates and reviews the logistics and utilisation of personnel, facilities, equipment and materials, current operational processes and established practices, to recommend improvement in the quality and efficiency of operations in a variety of commercial, industrial and production environments. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Engineering Assurance Engineer

  • Integrated Logistics Support Engineer

  • Process Engineer (Industrial)

233512 Mechanical Engineer

Plans, designs, organises and oversees the assembly, erection, commissioning, operation and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Airconditioning Engineer
  • Building Services Engineer
  • Heating and Ventilation Engineer

233513 Production or Plant Engineer

Plans, directs and coordinates the design, construction, modification, continued performance and maintenance of equipment and machines in industrial plants, and the management and planning of manufacturing activities. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Automation and Control Engineer
  • Maintenance Engineer (Shipbuilding)
Unit Group

2336 Mining Engineers

Mining Engineers plan and direct the engineering aspects of locating and extracting minerals, petroleum and natural gas from the earth.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks Include:

  • conducting preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with prospectors, Geologists, Geophysicists, other mineral scientists and other engineers to determine the resources present, the feasibility of extracting the reserves, and the design and development of the extraction process
  • preparing operation and project cost estimates and production schedules, and reporting progress, production and costs compared to budget
  • determining the most suitable methods of ore extraction taking account of such factors as depth of overburden, and attitude and physical characteristics of deposits and surrounding strata
  • preparing plans for tunnels and chambers, location and construction of mine shafts, layout of mine development and the application of appropriate mining techniques, often using computer modelling
  • assessing the natural, technical, financial and safety risks associated with the phases of the project development, construction and operations
  • determining the safety of processes, order of extraction and safety of mine walls, evaluating the risk of slippage and advising on the prevention of slippage and rock falls
  • planning and coordinating the utilisation of labour and equipment consistent with efficiency targets, statutes, safety guidelines and environmental conditions
  • planning and conducting research and providing advice on engineering operations for the exploration, location and extraction of petroleum and natural gas
  • determining location for drilling
  • deciding on types of derrick and equipment including seabed platforms
  • devising methods of controlling the flow of oil and gas from wells

Occupations:

  • 233611 Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum)
  • 233612 Petroleum Engineer

233611 Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum)

Plans and directs the engineering aspects of locating and extracting minerals from the earth. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Process Engineer (Mining)

233612 Petroleum Engineer

Plans and directs the engineering aspects of locating and extracting petroleum or natural gas from the earth. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Mud Engineer
  • Petrophysical Engineer
Unit Group

2339 Other Engineering Professionals

This unit group covers Engineering Professionals not elsewhere classified. It includes Aeronautical Engineers, Agricultural Engineers, Biomedical Engineers, Engineering Technologists, Environmental Engineers and Naval Architects / Marine Designers.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Occupations:

  • 233911 Aeronautical Engineer
  • 233912 Agricultural Engineer
  • 233913 Biomedical Engineer
  • 233914 Engineering Technologist
  • 233915 Environmental Engineer
  • 233916 Naval Architect / Marine Designer
  • 233999 Engineering Professionals nec

233911 Aeronautical Engineer

Performs and supervises engineering work concerned with the design, development, manufacture, maintenance and modification of aircraft for flight. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Aeronautical Engineering Officer (Navy)
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer Officer - Aeronautical (Air Force)
  • Aerospace Engineer Officer - Armament (Air Force)
  • Aerospace Engineer Officer - Electronics (Air Force)
  • Avionics Systems Engineer
  • Weapons Aeronautical Engineering Officer (Navy)

233912 Agricultural Engineer

Alternative Title:

  • Natural Resources Engineer

Performs and supervises engineering work related to the use and development of agricultural land, buildings, machines and equipment. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233913 Biomedical Engineer

Applies knowledge and methodology of physics, engineering, mathematics, computing, physical chemistry and materials science to problems in biology and the treatment and prevention of human disease. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Bioengineer
  • Clinical Engineer
  • Medical Engineer

233914 Engineering Technologist

Analyses and modifies new and existing engineering technologies and applies them in the testing and implementation of engineering projects. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Biomedical Engineering Technologist
  • Industrial Engineering Technologist
  • Mining Engineering Technologist
  • Safety Engineering Technologist
  • Structural Engineering Technologist

233915 Environmental Engineer

Assesses the impact on air, water, soil and noise levels in the vicinity of engineering projects, plans and designs equipment and processes for the treatment and safe disposal of waste material, and assesses what may cause problems for the environment in the long-term. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

233916 Naval Architect / Marine Designer

Designs and oversees the construction and repair of marine craft and floating structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Shipbuilding Designer

233999 Engineering Professionals nec

This occupation group covers Engineering Professionals not elsewhere classified. Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Acoustic Engineer
  • Calibration Engineer
  • Corrosion Engineer
  • Fire Safety Engineer
  • Mechatronics Engineer
  • Product Design Engineer
  • Safety Engineer
  • Test and Activation Engineer (Naval Shipbuilding)

Minor Group

234 Natural and Physical Science Professionals

Natural and Physical Science Professionals perform analytical, conceptual and practical tasks in relation to environmental factors and agricultural production, the chemical and physical properties of the universe, the extraction and processing of mineral ores, life forms including the physiology and biochemistry of humans, plants and animals, and disease prevention.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • advising farmers on techniques for improving crop and livestock production
  • conducting experiments and tests to identify the chemical composition and reactive properties of natural substances and processed materials
  • developing conservation and management policies for biological resources, such as fish populations and forests, and establishing standards and developing approaches for the control of pollution and the rehabilitation of areas disturbed by activities such as mining, timber felling and overgrazing
  • conducting studies of minerals and the nature and formation of the earth's crust, and carrying out mineral exploration
  • studying the forms and structures of organs and tissues of the body by systematic observation, dissection and microscopic examination
  • investigating the effects of environmental factors, such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography and disease, on plant and animal growth
  • analysing samples of body tissue and fluids to develop techniques to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
  • treating animals medically and surgically, and administering and prescribing drugs, analgesics, and general and local anaesthetics for animals
  • conducting experiments to discover and develop industrial, medical and other practical applications of physics
  • studying and applying chemical and metallurgical techniques for extracting and refining metallic materials from their ores and concentrates
Unit Group

2341 Agricultural, Fisheries and Forestry Scientists

Agricultural, Fisheries and Forestry Scientists advise farmers, primary industries and government on aspects of farming, fisheries, aquaculture and forestry, develop techniques for increasing productivity, and study and develop plans and policies for the management of land, fisheries and forest areas.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • collecting and analysing data and samples of produce, feed, soil, water quality and other factors affecting stock and production
  • advising Farmers and Farm Managers on techniques for improving production, and alternative options
  • advising farmers on issues such as livestock and crop disease, control of pests and weeds, soil improvement, animal husbandry and nutrition and feeding programs
  • studying environmental and other factors affecting commercial crop production, pasture growth, animal breeding, fisheries, and forests and forest trees
  • studying the effects of cultivation techniques, soils, insects and diseases on production
  • developing procedures and techniques for solving problems and improving the efficiency of production
  • managing forest and aquatic resources to maximise their long-term commercial, recreational and environmental benefits for the community
  • studying the propagation and culture of forest trees, methods for improving the growth of stock and the effects of thinning on forest yields
  • preparing plans for reafforestation and devising efficient harvesting systems
  • investigating, planning and implementing management procedures to cope with the effects of fires, floods, droughts, soil erosion, insect pests and diseases

Occupations:

  • 234111 Agricultural Consultant
  • 234113 Forester / Forest Scientist
  • 234114 Agricultural Research Scientist
  • 234115 Agronomist
  • 234116 Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientist

234111 Agricultural Consultant

Alternative Title:

  • Agricultural Adviser

Advises farmers, agricultural businesses, rural industries and government on the production, processing and distribution of farm products.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Agricultural Extension Officer
  • Landcare Officer

234113 Forester / Forest Scientist

Studies, develops and manages forest areas to maintain commercial and recreational uses, conserve flora and fauna, and protect against fire, pests and diseases.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Forestry Adviser
  • Forestry Consultant

234114 Agricultural Research Scientist

Alternative Title:

  • Agricultural Scientist

Researches and studies commercial plants, animals, and cultivation techniques to enhance the productivity of farms and agricultural industries.

Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientists are excluded from this occupation. Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientists are included in Occupation 234116 Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientist.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Research Agronomist

234115 Agronomist

Provides advice on quality, production and management of crops and livestock by assessing growing conditions and environmental factors and examining crops and livestock.

Research Agronomists are excluded from this occupation. Research Agronomists are included in Occupation 234114 Agricultural Research Scientist.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Sales Agronomist

234116 Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientist

Alternative Title:

  • Aquaculture or Fisheries Research Scientist

Studies commercial marine and aquatic plants, animals, ecosystems, and aquaculture techniques to assess stock and enhance the productivity of aquatic wild harvest and aquaculture and developing better ways of harvesting fish and plants.

Marine Biologists are excluded from this occupation. Marine Biologists are included in Occupation 234516 Marine Biologist.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2342 Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists

Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists study the chemical and physical properties of substances, develop and monitor chemical processes and production, develop new and improve existing food products, and plan and coordinate the production of wine and spirits.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification. In the case of Wine Makers, at least five years of experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • conducting experiments and tests to identify the chemical composition and reactive properties of natural substances and processed materials
  • analysing and conducting research to develop theories, techniques and processes, and testing the reliability of outcomes under different conditions
  • developing practical applications of experimental and research findings
  • testing food products for flavour, colour, taste, texture and nutritional content
  • advising on preserving, processing, packaging, storing and delivering foods
  • developing quality control procedures and safety standards for the manufacture of food products
  • examining grape samples to assess ripeness, sugar and acid content, and determining suitability for processing
  • coordinating winemaking processes, directing workers in testing and crushing grapes, fermenting juices, and fortifying, clarifying, maturing and finishing wines
  • blending wines according to formulae and knowledge of winemaking techniques

Occupations:

  • 234211 Chemist
  • 234212 Food Technologist
  • 234213 Wine Maker

234211 Chemist

Studies the chemical and physical properties of substances, and develops and monitors chemical processes and production.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Analytical Chemist
  • Industrial Chemist

234212 Food Technologist

Alternative Title:

  • Food Scientist

Develops new and improves existing food products, and sets standards for producing, packaging and marketing food.

Skill Level: 1

234213 Wine Maker

Alternative Title:

  • Oenologist

Plans, supervises and coordinates the production of wine or spirits from selected varieties of grapes.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2343 Environmental Scientists

Environmental Scientists study, develop, implement and advise on policies and plans for managing and protecting the environment, flora, fauna and other natural resources.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • evaluating habitat, wildlife and fisheries needs, and formulating short- and long-term management goals and objectives
  • enforcing laws and regulations to conserve and protect fish and wildlife
  • carrying out environmental impact assessments for a wide range of development projects
  • proposing solutions to address negative environmental impact
  • studying the effects of factors, such as terrain, altitude, climatic and environmental change, sources of nutrition, predators and the impacts of humans, on animal and plant life
  • studying and analysing pollution, atmospheric conditions, demographic characteristics, ecology, mineral, soil and water samples
  • developing conservation and management policies for biological resources, such as fish populations and forests, and establishing standards and developing approaches for the control of pollution and the rehabilitation of areas disturbed by activities such as mining, timber felling and overgrazing
  • implementing policies and organising activities in designated parks and other areas to conserve and protect natural and cultural heritage
  • participating in management planning by providing environmental information and making inventories of plants, animals and items of cultural and heritage significance

Occupations:

  • 234311 Conservation Officer
  • 234312 Environmental Consultant
  • 234313 Environmental Research Scientist
  • 234314 Park Ranger
  • 234399 Environmental Scientists nec

234311 Conservation Officer

Develops and implements programs and regulations for the protection of fish, wildlife and other natural resources.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Landcare Facilitator

234312 Environmental Consultant

Alternative Titles:

  • Environmental Adviser
  • Environmental Auditor
  • Environmental Officer

Analyses and advises on policies guiding the design, implementation and modification of government or commercial environmental operations and programs.

Skill Level: 1

234313 Environmental Research Scientist

Alternative Title:

  • Environmental Scientist

Studies and develops policies and plans for the control of factors which may produce pollution, imbalance in or degradation of the environment.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Air Pollution Analyst
  • Ecologist
  • Land Degradation Analyst
  • Water Quality Analyst

234314 Park Ranger

Assists in controlling a State or national park, scenic area, historic site, nature reserve, recreation area or conservation reserve in accordance with authorised policies and priorities.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Land and Sea Ranger

234399 Environmental Scientists nec

This occupation group covers Environmental Scientists not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Environmental Educator
  • Soil Scientist
Unit Group

2344 Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists

Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum and ground water, and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, thermal and oceanographic activity. Geographers are excluded from this unit group.

Geographers are included in Unit Group 2724 Social Professionals.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • conducting preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with prospectors, Mining Engineers, Metallurgists, and other mineral scientists and engineers
  • preparing and supervising the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers
  • conducting studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth's crust and the minerals contained in it
  • studying and dating fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, and to assess their commercial applications
  • studying the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity, on the formation of the earth's surface and sea beds
  • carrying out exploration to determine the resources present by sampling, examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
  • conducting surveys of variations in the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features
  • investigating the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth's mantle and crust
  • studying the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth's crust
  • performing laboratory and field studies, and aerial, ground and drill hole surveys

Occupations:

  • 234411 Geologist
  • 234412 Geophysicist
  • 234413 Hydrogeologist

234411 Geologist

Studies the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth to increase scientific knowledge and to develop practical applications in fields such as mineral exploitation, civil engineering, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Marine Geologist
  • Palaeontologist

234412 Geophysicist

Studies the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locates minerals, petroleum or ground water, and detects, monitors and forecasts seismic, magnetic, electrical, geothermal and oceanographic activity.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Oceanographer
  • Seismologist

234413 Hydrogeologist

Monitors, measures, analyses and describes the earth’s surface and groundwater resources and many aspects of the water cycle, including human use of water resources.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2345 Life Scientists

Life Scientists examine the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of humans, animals, plants, insects, and other living organisms to better understand how living organisms function and interact with each other and the environment in which they live.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • designing and conducting experiments, making observations and measurements, researching information, analysing data, preparing or supervising the preparation of laboratory reports and scientific papers, presenting findings at scientific meetings and conferences, and supervising the work of staff
  • studying the forms and structures of bodily organs and tissues by systematic observation, dissection and microscopic examination
  • investigating the chemical structure and function of living cells and their isolated components, organs and tissues in humans, animals, plants, and micro-organisms
  • examining micro-organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, yeast and their enzymes, and using the knowledge gained to create and develop new, and improve existing, products, materials and processes
  • investigating the effects of environmental factors, such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography and disease, on plant growth
  • planning and undertaking experiments to study, measure and understand marine animals and plants
  • studying the growth and characteristics of micro-organisms, such as bacteria, algae and fungi, and the effects they have on plants, animals and humans to develop medical, veterinary, industrial, environmental and other practical applications
  • investigating the interrelationships between animals in their natural surroundings, in captivity and in laboratories

Occupations:

  • 234511 Life Scientist (General)
  • 234513 Biochemist
  • 234514 Biotechnologist
  • 234515 Botanist
  • 234516 Marine Biologist
  • 234517 Microbiologist
  • 234521 Entomologist
  • 234522 Zoologist
  • 234599 Life Scientists nec

234511 Life Scientist (General)

Alternative Title:

  • Biologist (General)

Studies the origin, anatomy, physiology, reproduction and behaviour of living organisms and the ways in which they interact with the environment in which they live.

Skill Level: 1

234513 Biochemist

Studies the biochemistry of living organisms and the molecular structure and function of related components.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Enzyme Chemist
  • Protein Chemist

234514 Biotechnologist

Studies the anatomy, physiology and characteristics of living organisms and isolated biological molecules, and develops new materials for applying to a range of purposes.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Cell Geneticist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Molecular Geneticist

234515 Botanist

Studies the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and ecology of plants.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Plant Pathologist
  • Plant Physiologist
  • Plant Taxonomist

234516 Marine Biologist

Studies the anatomy, physiology, functions, characteristics, behaviour and environments of all forms of life living in the sea and connected water bodies.

Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientists are excluded from this occupation. Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientists are included in Occupation 234116 Aquaculture or Fisheries Scientist.

Skill Level: 1

234517 Microbiologist

Studies microscopic forms of life such as bacteria, viruses and protozoa.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Bacteriologist (Non-medical)

234521 Entomologist

Studies the anatomy, physiology, characteristics, ecology, behaviour, environments, and impact of insects.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Entomologist (Biosecurity)
  • Medical Entomologist

234522 Zoologist

Studies the anatomy, physiology, characteristics, ecology, behaviour, and environments of animals.

Skill Level: 1

234599 Life Scientists nec

This occupation group covers Life Scientists not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Anatomist
  • Animal Behaviourist
  • Neuroscientist
  • Parasitologist
  • Pharmacologist (Non-clinical)
  • Physiologist
  • Toxicologist
Unit Group

2346 Medical Scientists

Medical Scientists conduct medical tests to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases and health conditions.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Tasks Include:

  • preparing tissue sections for microscopic examination
  • examining and analysing samples to study the effects of microbial infections
  • developing techniques to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and respiratory or sleep disorders
  • advising Medical Practitioners on the interpretation of tests and methods used in  diagnosis and treatment
  • setting up the steps and rules of medical testing
  • operating and maintaining laboratory and testing equipment
  • maintaining laboratory and testing quality assurance and safety standards
  • preparing scientific papers and reports

Occupation:

  • 234611 Medical Laboratory Scientist
  • 234612 Respiratory Scientist

234611 Medical Laboratory Scientist

Alternative Titles:

  • Hospital Scientist
  • Medical Scientific Officer

Conducts medical laboratory tests to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • IVF Embryologist

234612 Respiratory Scientist

Conducts lung function tests to support the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory and sleep disorders, in consultation with other medical professionals.

Skill Level: 1

Unit Group

2347 Veterinarians

Veterinarians diagnose, treat and prevent animal diseases, ailments and injuries.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks Include:

  • treating animals medically and surgically, and administering and prescribing drugs, analgesics, and general and local anaesthetics
  • determining the presence and nature of abnormal conditions by physical examination, laboratory testing and through diagnostic imaging techniques including radiography and ultrasound
  • performing surgery, dressing wounds and setting broken bones
  • rendering obstetric services to animals
  • participating in programs designed to prevent the occurrence and spread of animal diseases
  • inoculating animals against, and testing for, infectious diseases and notifying authorities of outbreaks of infectious animal diseases
  • performing autopsies to determine cause of death
  • advising clients on health, nutrition and feeding, hygiene, breeding and care of animals
  • may provide professional services to commercial firms producing biological and pharmaceutical products
  • may specialise in the treatment of a particular animal group or in a particular specialty area such as cardiology, chiropractic, dermatology or critical care

Occupation:

  • 234711 Veterinarian

234711 Veterinarian

Alternative Title:

  • Veterinary Surgeon

Diagnoses, treats and prevents animal diseases, ailments and injuries. Registration or licensing is required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Veterinary Parasitologist
  • Veterinary Pathologist
Unit Group

2349 Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals

This unit group covers Natural and Physical Science Professionals not elsewhere classified. It includes Conservators, Metallurgists, Meteorologists and Physicists and Exercise Physiologists.

Indicative Skill Level:

In Australia and New Zealand:

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification. In the case of Conservators, at least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

Registration or licensing may be required.

Occupations:

  • 234911 Conservator
  • 234912 Metallurgist
  • 234913 Meteorologist
  • 234914 Physicist
  • 234915 Exercise Physiologist
  • 234999 Natural and Physical Science Professionals nec

234911 Conservator

Plans and organises the conservation of materials and objects in libraries, archives, museums, art galleries and other institutions.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Art Conservator

234912 Metallurgist

Researches, develops, tests, controls and provides advice on processes used in extracting metals from their ores, and processes used for casting, alloying, heat treating or welding refined metals, alloys and other materials to produce commercial metal products or develop new alloys, techniques and processes.  Registration or licensing may be required.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisation:

  • Welding Engineer

234913 Meteorologist

Studies the physics and dynamics of the atmosphere to increase understanding of weather and climate, and to forecast changes in the weather and long-term climatic trends.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Climatologist
  • Weather Forecaster

234914 Physicist

Studies matter, space, time, energy, forces and fields and the interrelationship between these physical phenomena to further understanding of the laws governing the behaviour of the universe, and seeks to apply these laws to solve practical problems and discover new information about the earth and the universe.

Skill Level: 1

Specialisations:

  • Astronomer
  • Medical Physicist

234915 Exercise Physiologist

Assesses, plans and implements exercise programs for preventing and managing chronic diseases and injuries, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, depression, cancer and arthritis, and assists in restoring optimal physical function, health and wellness.

Skill Level: 1

234999 Natural and Physical Science Professionals nec

This occupation group covers Natural and Physical Science Professionals not elsewhere classified.

Skill Level: 1

Occupations in this group include:

  • Materials Scientist
  • Metrologist
  • Polymer Scientist