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Special Article - Interstate migration 1999-2000 (Dec, 2000)
During 1999-2000, 367,400 people are estimated to have moved interstate, 3% more than in the previous financial year, 6% more than ten years ago and 47% more than twenty years ago. This contributed to a population turnover (the sum of interstate arrivals and departures and all permanent and long-term overseas arrivals and departures expressed as a proportion of the resident population)2 due to interstate migration, of 3.9% for Australia. For the States and Territories the turnover was 3.2% for New South Wales, 2.9% for Victoria, 5.0% for Queensland, 3.9% for South Australia, 3.4% for Western Australia, 5.6% for Tasmania, 17.3% for the Northern Territory and 12.8% for the Australian Capital Territory in 1999-2000.
Queensland continued to be the most popular destination for interstate arrivals during 1999-2000 (96,800), followed by New South Wales (93,000), Victoria (71,700) and Western Australia (31,500). New South Wales was the State with the largest number of interstate departures (108,600), followed by Queensland (77,800), Victoria (65,000) and Western Australia (32,200).
The most popular moves were again to or from Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. The highest interstate flow was from New South Wales to Queensland (50,800 persons), followed by a flow from Queensland to New South Wales (37,300 persons) and from New South Wales to Victoria (25,800 persons). The movement between Queensland and New South Wales resulted in the largest net gain of 13,500 persons to the population of Queensland. The movement between New South Wales and Victoria resulted in the second largest net gain of 2,700 persons to the population of Victoria.
Compared to their population size, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory experienced large population flows. However, because the inflows are roughly the same as the outflows, their net interstate migration remains small. In the Northern Territory, with an estimated total population of 195,500 at June 2000, there were 16,300 interstate arrivals and 17,100 interstate departures during 1999-2000 resulting in a net interstate migration loss of 870 people. In the Australian Capital Territory, with a population of 310,800 at June 2000, there were 19,400 arrivals and 20,200 departures resulting in a net interstate migration loss of 840 people.
AGE STRUCTURE OF INTERSTATE MIGRANTS
The most mobile people are young adults, aged 25-29 years and the surrounding ages. Of people who moved during 1999-2000, 38% were aged 20-34 years. From the ages of 25-29 years the proportion of people moving interstate decreased as age increased.
In 1999-2000 the median age of all interstate movers was 27.6 years. The Northern Territory (26.0 years) and the Australian Capital Territory (26.2 years) had the youngest median age of interstate arrivals. Tasmania (28.8 years) and Queensland (28.4 years) had the oldest median age of interstate arrivals with 18% and 16%, respectively, of their interstate arrivals over the age of 50. In these two States, as well as in South Australia, the median age of arrivals was higher than the median age of departures.
Tasmania had the lowest median age for interstate departures (26.0), with close to 70% of their departures aged under 35 years. Victoria (28.2 years) and New South Wales (27.9 years) had the oldest median age of interstate departures with 14% and 15%, respectively, of their departures aged over 50.
Further information about interstate migration and overseas migration is available in Migration, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 3412.0) released.
1 Includes 'education', 'be close to family and friends', and 'better lifestyle' responses. Source: ABS, Population Mobility, Victoria, October 1999 (Cat. no. 3237.2).
2 Martin Bell, Internal Migration in Australia 1986-91: Overview report, AGPS, Canberra, 1995, p120.
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