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Regional statistics, South Australia 2003 (Cat. No. 1362.4) presents a statistical summary of key economic and social information for Local Government Areas (LGAs), Statistical Subdivisions (SSD) and Statistical Divisions (SD) in South Australia. This includes regions such as the Riverland, Yorke Peninsula, Flinders Ranges, Western Adelaide and Fleurieu.
MAP SHOWING SSDs IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA
It contains the latest available data (at the time of preparation), as well as historical data, for a selected range of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and some non-ABS data items.
Topics covered include population, births and deaths, labour force, income, income support customers, building approvals, property sales, agriculture, local government finance and motor vehicle registrations.
The publication contains:
This is the sixth issue of this publication and continues the ABS' strategy to improve the availability and range of statistical data at the regional level. It has been compiled to assist a variety of people, including regional policy makers, analysts, service providers, business people, community leaders and those with a general interest in understanding the composition and structure of a region, how a region contributes to the state's economy and to monitor and explain the cause of economic growth or decline.
The areas outside the Adelaide SD, are the main focus of the overview outlined below. Data for the Adelaide SD and South Australia are used for comparison purposes to help illustrate the current status of areas outside the Adelaide SD.
At 30 June 2002 the population of South Australia was estimated to be 1,520,242 persons. The Adelaide SD contains the majority of South Australia's population with 1,114,285 persons. The remainder of SA contains 405,957 persons, 26.7% of the state's total population.
Outside the Adelaide SD 28.7% of the population (116,312 persons) resided within the Outer Adelaide SD, which had a population growth of 2.0% (2,320 persons) in the 12 months ending 30 June 2002. The Northern SD, with 19.6% (79,474) of the population outside the Adelaide SD, also has a significant population base. Eyre SD and Yorke and Lower North SD have smaller populations with 8.4% (34,215) and 11.0% (44,542) respectively.
Mount Barker (DC) (with an estimated 24,368 persons), Mount Gambier (C) (23,506) and Whyalla (C) (21,903) are the largest LGAs outside the Adelaide SD. Orroroo/Carrieton (DC) in the Northern SD, with 1,009 persons, is the LGA with the smallest population. Elliston (DC) (1,152 persons), Kimba (DC) (1,205) in Eyre SD and Karoonda East Murray (DC) (1,253) in Murray Lands SD were the next least populated LGAs. The most populous LGA in South Australia was Onkaparinga (C) (in the Adelaide SD) with 152,106 persons, or 10.0% of the state's total population.
In the 12 months ending 30 June 2002 the largest population increases were recorded in Salisbury (C) (1,322 persons), Onkaparinga (C) (1,096), and Port Adelaide Enfield (C) (733). The Outer Adelaide SD experienced a population growth of 2.0% (2,320 persons).
BIRTHS AND DEATHS
The number of births to women usually resident in South Australia increased from 17,439 in 2000-01 to 17,479 in 2001-02. The crude birth rate for 2001-02 remained at 11.5 births per 1,000 resident population. The area outside the Adelaide SD also recorded an increase in the number of births between 2000-01 and 2001-02, from 4,842 to 4,886, but the crude birth rate remained at 12.0.
In the Adelaide SD the highest crude birth rate in 2001-02 was recorded in Playford (C) (15.7). Outside the Adelaide SD the highest crude birth rate was in Roxby Downs (M) (21.4). The LGA with the lowest crude birth rate in 2001-02 was Victor Harbor (C) (5.7).
In 2001-02 there were 11,684 deaths of South Australians, a decrease from 11,767 deaths in 2000-01. There was also an increase in the number of deaths outside the Adelaide SD over the same period, from 3,072 in 2000-01 to 3,228 in 2001-02.
For 2001-02 the crude death rate in South Australia was 7.7 deaths per 1,000 population. The crude death rate for the area outside the Adelaide SD was similar at 8.0. A crude death rate of 13.1 deaths per 1,000 population was recorded in the Yorke SSD, while in the Far North SSD the rate was 3.7 deaths per 1,000 population.
The Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR) produces estimates of unemployment rates derived from the ABS Labour Force Survey, Estimated Resident Population and Centrelink estimates. The DEWR unemployment rate for South Australia for the June quarter 2002 was estimated to be 6.7% compared with 7.4% for the same quarter of the previous year. The unemployment rate outside the Adelaide SD was 6.9%, up from 6.1% in the corresponding period of 2001, but lower than the June quarter of 1997 (8.0%).
For the June quarter 2002, unemployment rates above 10% were evident in the West Coast SSD (12.8%), Whyalla SSD (11.3%), Pirie SSD (11.1%) and Far North SSD (11.0%). Low unemployment rates were evident in Upper South East SSD (3.0%) and Mt Lofty Ranges SSD (3.7%), with the rate in each of these regions increasing from the corresponding quarter of the previous year.
Unemployment rates vary within and across regions. For the June quarter 2002 Peterborough (DC) and Coober Pedy (DC) in the state's north had unemployment rates estimated at 14.5% and 14.3% respectively, while in the same region, Roxby Downs (M) had an unemployment rate estimated at 2.8%. Other LGAs to record low unemployment rates for the June quarter 2002 were Kimba (DC) (0.8%), Tatiara (DC) (1.7%) and Le Hunte (DC) (1.9%).
Statistical Divisions, June quarter 2001 and 2002
For the financial year 1999-2000, the average individual annual taxable income in South Australia was $32,863, based on data compiled by the ATO. The average in the Adelaide SD was $33,850, while outside the Adelaide SD the average was $30,674. The Northern SD, with $33,281, had an average individual taxable income higher than the state average, while in Murray Lands SD the average was $27,968, the lowest of all SDs. In Adelaide SD, the Eastern SSD had the highest average at $40,463.
For LGAs outside the Adelaide SD, the average annual individual taxable income ranged form $50,297 in Roxby Downs (M) in the state's far north, to $21,613 in Orroroo/Carrieton (DC) in the mid-north of the state.
With the exception of Roxby Downs (M), Coober Pedy (DC) ($34,419) and Whyalla (C) ($34,242) all the other LGAs outside the Adelaide SD had an average individual annual taxable income lower than the average for the Adelaide SD.
With 26.7% of South Australia's total population, the area outside the Adelaide SD had similar proportions of persons receiving various income support assistance from the Commonwealth Department of Family and Community Services. Centrelink data show that at June 2002 there were 13,853 persons (27.6% of the state's total) outside the Adelaide SD receiving Newstart Allowance, 44,787 (26.2%) receiving an Age Pension and 16,411 (26.1%) receiving a Disability Support Pension.
The Northern SD, with 5.2% of South Australia's population, had 4,220 persons, or 8.4% of the state's total, receiving Newstart Allowance and 8,518 persons (5.0% of the state's total) receiving an Age Pension. The Outer Adelaide SD, with 7.7% of South Australia's population, had 2,823 persons, or 5.6% of the state's total, receiving Newstart Allowance and 12,610 persons (7.4%) receiving an Age Pension.
In the year ended 30 June 2002 there were 10,824 new residential dwelling units approved in South Australia. Outside the Adelaide SD there were 3,672 new residential dwelling units approved (33.9% of the state's total).
The trend of increasing numbers of new residential dwelling approvals for the state since 1996-97 resumed in 2001-02 after a reversal in 2000-01. All SDs recorded an increase in new residential approvals. The number of approvals increased by 110.7% (from 169 in 2000-01 to 356 in 2001-02) for the Eyre SD. Outer Adelaide SD also experienced a large rise in approvals, from 986 approvals in 2000-01 to 1,989 in 2001-02 (an increase of 101.7%). The value of new residential dwelling unit approvals for the area outside the Adelaide SD was $382.0m, up from $187.4m for the previous year.
Onkaparinga (C) (1,047) and Salisbury (C) (1,124) continued to have the greatest number of approvals for new residential dwellings in the Adelaide SD. The value of these approvals was $109.2m and $120.3m respectively. The LGAs outside the Adelaide SD with the greatest number of approvals of new residential dwellings were Alexandrina (DC) with 554, Mount Barker (DC) 372 and Victor Harbor (C) 249.
In contrast to the rise in the value of residential dwelling approvals between 2000-01 and 2001-02, the value of non-residential building approvals showed a decrease of $2.8m in the Adelaide SD (from $615.0m to $612.2m), while all other SDs showed an increase. The Outer Adelaide SD (up $29.4m to $62.8m) and Murray Lands SD (up $27.2m to $43.4m) showed the largest increases. Overall, the value of non-residential building approvals in areas outside the Adelaide SD rose from $102.8m to $183.4m. Within the Adelaide SD the Northern Adelaide SSD (down $59.6m to $146.2m) and Southern Adelaide SSD (down $25.4m to $64.6m) recorded the greatest falls in the value of non-residential building approvals, while the Eastern Adelaide SSD recorded a rise (up $89.6m to $298.6m). The LGAs of Playford (C) and Mitcham (C) recorded decreases in the value of non-residential approvals of $81.5m and $20.1m respectively, while Norwood, Payneham and St Peters (C) showed an increase of $26.0m.
NUMBER OF NEW RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNITS,
Statistical Divisions, Percentage change from 30 June 2001 to 30 June 2002
The trend of increasing numbers of residential property sales since 1996-97 in South Australia continued in 2001-02. South Australia had 40,314 sales, an increase of 10.9% on the previous year. Data record that sales outside the Adelaide SD rose 11.5% from 8,991 to 10,027. In the Adelaide SD the number of sales increased 10.7% from 27,368 in 2000-01 to 30,287 in 2001-02. All SDs in the state recorded an increase in the number of residential property sales.
Data from the Land Services Group of DAIS show the average value of residential property sales for 2001-02 in South Australia rose 16.8% (from $142,000 to $165,900) from the previous year. The average outside the Adelaide SD rose 16.2% to $116,100 compared with a 17.1% rise to $182,400 for the Adelaide SD. Since 1996-97, the average value of residential property sales in South Australia has increased by 46.0%.The area outside the Adelaide SD has increased by 39.0%, while the Adelaide SD has increased by 48.1%.
In 2001-02 the average residential sale price in the Outer Adelaide SD of $159,600 was over double the value of the average sale price in the Northern SD ($70,600).
High average residential property sale prices for 2001-02 were recorded in Walkerville (M) ($379,400) and Burnside (C) ($299,500) while the lowest average prices were recorded in Peterborough (DC) ($33,600) and Le Hunte (DC) ($48,300).
For the year ended 30 June 2001 the total value of agricultural production in South Australia was estimated to be $4,417.4m (up 47.3% from $2,999.7m in the previous period). The area outside the Adelaide SD accounted for $4,232.4m or 95.8% of this total. The total value of agricultural production in the Murray Lands SD was $1,203.1m while in the Northern SD it was $366.5m. Each SD outside Adelaide recorded a rise in the value of agricultural production from the previous year, ranging from an increase of 116.8% for the Eyre SD to 29.7% for the Outer Adelaide SD.
LGAs with a major agricultural activity include Loxton Waikerie (DC) with a value of agricultural production in 2001 of $364.0m, Yorke Peninsula (DC) ($232.7m), Renmark Paringa (DC) ($206.2m) and Tatiara (DC) ($195.0m).
Crops accounted for 75.7% ($3,343.6m) of the total value of the state's agricultural production. The production of crops in Loxton Waikerie (DC) accounted for 95.5% ($347.7m) of the total value of agricultural production in this LGA; for Yorke Peninsula (DC) this proportion was 91.2% ($212.2m), Renmark Paringa (DC) 99.6% ($205.3m) and Tatiara (DC) 72.8% ($141.9m).
The Coorong (DC) had production of livestock and livestock products to the value of $78.0m, accounting for 52.1% of its total value of agricultural production. Other LGAs with significant values for production of livestock and livestock products include Naracoorte and Lucindale (DC), Wattle Range (DC) and Grant (DC) with $72.5m, $72.1m and $71.2m respectively.
TOTAL VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES PRODUCED,
Statistical Divisions, Year ended 30 June 2000 and 2001
LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE
For the year ended 30 June 2002 the total outlay on goods, services and land by local government in South Australia increased by $114.9m (12.5%) to $1,033.7m; outside the Adelaide SD there was an increase of $47.2m (14.0%) to $383.6m.In the area outside the Adelaide SD outlay on infrastructure accounted for 30.4% ($116.6m), an increase over the previous year of 23.3%($22.0m) of the total outlay, while outlay on environmental services accounted for 11.7% ($44.9m), an increase of 27.7% ($6.7m). For the Adelaide SD outlay on infrastructure and environmental services in 2001-02 accounted for 16.3% ($106.2m) and 14.2% ($92.0m) respectively of the total outlay on goods, services and land.
In the area outside the Adelaide SD increases in the total outlay on goods, services and land between 2000-01 and 2001-02 were recorded in Outer Adelaide SD (from $78.4m to $98.7m, 25.9%) and Northern SD (from $65.0m to $75.1m, 15.5%) The Adelaide SD recorded an increase of 11.6% (from $582.4m to $650.1m) in the total outlay on goods, services and land from the previous year.
Rates per rateable property vary considerably across the state from $2,250 in Adelaide (C) and $1,073 in Tatiara (DC) to $248 in Orroroo/Carrieton (DC). In 2001-02 the average rate per rateable property was $778 per annum for South Australia, $677 for the area outside the Adelaide SD and $828 in the Adelaide SD.
NEW MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS
In the year ended 30 June 2001 there were 49,465 new motor vehicles registered in South Australia, an increase of 11.5% from the previous year. Of these, 9,963 or 20.1% were registered with the addresses of owners in areas outside the Adelaide SD. Between 1999-2000 and 2000-01, the number of new motor vehicle registrations increased slightly in most regions across the state. Areas outside the Adelaide SD with the largest increases of new motor vehicle registrations were Mt Barker (DC) (from 482 to 574), Whyalla (C) (from 288 to 374) and the Barossa (DC) (from 595 to 674). In the Adelaide SD, Mitcham (C) showed a significant rise in new motor vehicle registrations, from 2,557 to 3,555 (an increase of 39.0%).
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