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COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
Persons aged under 15 years comprised 21% of the Tasmanian population at 30 June 2002 compared with 23% at 30 June 1992. Over this ten-year period, persons aged 65 years and over increased from 12% to 14% of the population, while the proportion of persons aged 85 years and over increased from 0.9% to 1.6%. At 30 June 2002, females comprised 56% of persons aged 65 years and over and 69% of persons aged 85 years and over.
POPULATION, Tasmania, 31 December
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
In 2002 there were 5,910 confinements resulting in 6,000 live births registered to mothers usually resident in Tasmania. Registrations of births were 7% lower than in 2001 (6,430 births) and 14% lower than in 1992 (6,990 births). There were 3,020 male births and 2,990 female births registered in 2002, giving a sex ratio of 101.1 males per 100 females.
The total fertility rate (TFR), that is the average number of babies that a woman could expect to give birth to in her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates, was 1.964 babies per woman in 2002. Since 1975, TFRs have been below the rate of 2.1 babies per woman, which is the rate required for natural replacement of the population.
The highest TFR was recorded in the Southern Statistical Division (2.44). The Greater Hobart Statistical Division experienced the lowest TFR of 1.86.
The upward trend in median ages of parents continued in 2002, to a high of 30.7 years for mothers and 32.8 years for fathers, reflecting the tendency for couples having children later in life. The 25-29 year age group had the highest fertility rate of 123.1 babies per 1,000 women in 2002.
AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES(a) Births per 1,000 women
Indigenous births are defined as births in which one or both parents identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. In 2002 there were 390 Indigenous births registered to parents who were usually resident in Tasmania. These births comprised 7% of all Tasmanian births.
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), Tasmania
In 2002 there were 3,980 registered deaths of persons usually resident in Tasmania, an increase of 6% from 1992 when there were 3,740 deaths. The increase in the number of deaths over time reflects the increasing size of the population and in particular, the increasing number of older people. In 2002, there were 2,030 male deaths and 1,950 female deaths.
Despite the ageing of the Tasmanian population, there has been little movement in the crude death rates over the last 10 years. The crude death rate (CDR) was 8.4 deaths per 1,000 population in 2002. However, a fall in death rates is observed when the rates are standardised to eliminate the effect of the changing age structure of population over time. The standardised death rates (SDR) have fallen from 9.1 deaths per 1,000 standard population in 1992 to 7.6 deaths per 1,000 standard population.
The highest SDR was recorded in the Mersey-Lyell Statistical Division (7.8 per 1,000 population) with the lowest rate being recorded in the Greater Hobart statistical division (7.3 per 1,000 population).
The CDRs for males have been slightly higher than those for females in the last decade even though the male population has a younger age structure than the female population. In 2002 there were 8.7 male deaths per 1,000 males in the population compared with 8.1 female deaths per 1,000 females in the population. SDRs show that there are significant differences between the mortality experiences of the sexes. In 1992, the male SDR was 11.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population and 49% higher than the female SDR of 7.5 deaths per 1,000 standard population. In 2002, the male SDR was 9.4 deaths per 1,000 standard population and 52% higher than the female SDR of 6.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population.
(a) Deaths per 1,000 population
In 2002, the main underlying causes of death were malignant neoplasms (1,180 deaths) and ischaemic heart diseases (770 deaths). The standardised death rate for malignant neoplasms was 225 deaths per 100,000 population in 2002 compared with 220 in 1992 representing an increase of 2%. The standardised death rate for ischaemic heart diseases decreased 35% from 222 to 145 per 100,000 population between 1992 and 2002.
In 2002, more people migrated to Tasmania than left for interstate or overseas. There were 2,700 persons who arrived from overseas with the intention of staying for at least 12 months or more and 2,200 persons who departed from Tasmania with the intention of staying abroad for at least 12 months. Of the 14,600 persons who changed their usual residence from interstate to Tasmania (arrivals), 4,000 persons (27%) came from Victoria, 3,700 persons (26%) from New South Wales and 3,400 persons (24%) from Queensland. Of the 14,700 persons who changed their usual residence from Tasmania to another state or territory (departures), 4,700 persons (32%) moved to Victoria, 4,100 persons (28%) to Queensland and 2,700 persons (19%) to New South Wales. Tasmania's largest net gain was from New South Wales (1,000 persons) and largest net losses were to Victoria (700 persons) and Queensland (700 persons).
INTERSTATE MIGRATION, 2002
In 2002, there were 2,610 marriages registered in Tasmania and at least one of the parties had been previously married in 1,030 (39%) of them. Ministers performed 1,000 (38%) marriages and 2,070 (80%) couples cohabited prior to their marriages. The crude marriage rate was 5.5 marriages per 1,000 persons residing in Tasmania.
In 2001 there were 1,440 divorces granted in Tasmania, 8% higher than in 2000.
The Tasmanian crude divorce rate for 2001 was 3.1 per 1,000 population, compared to the Australian crude divorce rate of 2.8 per 1,000 population.
The Greater Hobart Statistical Division (GHSD), which contained 42% of the Tasmanian population, had 42% of the State's births and 42% of the State's deaths in 2002. The GHSD's average total fertility rate over the three years 2000-2002 (1.86 births per woman) was less than the three-year average for the State (1.95 births per woman).
At 30 June 2002, the most populous Local Government Area (LGA) within Tasmania was Launceston, which had an estimated resident population of 62,600. Next came Clarence (49,600 persons), Hobart (47,500 persons), Glenorchy (44,100 persons), Kingborough (29,700) Devonport (24,200 persons), Central Coast (20,900 persons) and West Tamar (20,400 persons).
TEN MOST POPULOUS LGAS, 30 June 2002
Demographic data for all Tasmanian SLAs are available from the data cube linked at the foot of this page.
3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics
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