NET OVERSEAS MIGRATION (NOM)
- In 2009-10, NOM declined for the first time since 2003-04. Preliminary NOM in 2009-10 was estimated at 215,600 persons, which is 28% less than in 2008-09, when NOM was the highest on record at 299,900 persons.
- During 2009-10, NOM arrivals dropped by 11% (56,700 persons) compared to the previous year. However, NOM departures continued to increase with a growth of 13% (27,500 persons) from the previous financial year.
- NOM contributed the greatest number of people to the most populous states in 2009-10: New South Wales with a net of 66,000 persons, followed by Victoria (60,400) and Queensland (39,700). The Northern Territory had the lowest contribution with a net of 1,300 persons.
- In 2009-10, the population turnover due to overseas migration (gross overseas flows in relation to size of the population) was the highest in the Northern Territory at 4.1%. This was followed by Western Australia (3.9%), and the Australian Capital Territory (3.8%).
- An individual's actual travel behaviour and associated characteristics are only available from final NOM data. A time lag exists before capture of this final data as it can only be accurately recorded at the end of a 16 month reference period following a traveller's initial border crossing.
- Based on final NOM data from 2008-09 (a net of 299,900 persons), temporary visa holders contributed by far the most to NOM with 63% (a net of 189,200) of the total NOM figure for the year. Next were permanent arrivals at 29% (a net of 87,100). New Zealand citizens contributed 10% (a net of 30,200) to NOM, whereas Australian citizens with a net negative input to NOM contributed -1.0% (a net of -2,500).