Public libraries are particularly reliant on government funding for their operation, with 93% of their total income of $839m in 2003-04 coming from this source. The total expenses of public libraries in 2003-04 were $852.8m, of which $447.7m (53%) were labour costs. Other major expenses were purchases of library materials, and repairs and maintenance. The eight national and state archives were also highly dependent on government funding with $97.9m of their total $109.1m coming from this source.
10.8 INCOME AND EXPENSES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES - 2003-04
National and state libraries
All public libraries
|Government funding |
|Australia and state/territory |
|Income from services to clients |
|Total income(a) |
|Labour costs |
|Telecommunication services |
|Repair and maintenance |
|Purchases of library materials |
|Total expenses(b) |
|- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) |
|(a) Total includes other income such as fundraising, sales of goods etc. |
|(b) Total includes other expenses such as subscription payments, freight, etc. |
|Source: ABS, Public Libraries, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8561.0). |
According to Cultural Funding by Government, 2005-06 (cat. no. 4183.0)
, the Australian Government increased funding for public libraries from $54.9m in 2004-05 to $66.7m in 2005-06, an increase of 21.5%. State and territory government funding of libraries increased by 16.9% over the same period, from $337.1m to $394.0m.
Australian Government funding for archives also increased, from $65.2m in 2004-05 to $67.4m in 2005-06. By comparison, state and territory government funding for archives fell by 22.3% over the same period, from $61.4m to $47.7m.
Substantial funding of libraries and archives also occurs at the local government level, but these data were not available for 2005-06.