CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (I00-I99)
Cardiovascular health relates to the health of the heart and blood vessels. The major underlying causes of death relating to cardiovascular health are coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and peripheral vascular disease. Cardiovascular disease (I00-I99) was the underlying cause for 48,456 deaths registered in Australia during 2008, which represented 34% of all deaths. These diseases contributed to a total of 83,085 deaths as either an underlying or associated cause of death.
Five of the top 20 leading underlying causes of death in 2008 were attributable to some form of Cardiovascular disease. These five causes accounted for 42,369 deaths, or 29% of all registered deaths in 2008. See Chapter 3 Leading Causes of Death for further information.
The standardised death rate for Cardiovascular disease was 197.6 per 100,000 population in 2008, a decrease from 286.6 per 100,000 population in 1999. The standardised death rate for males in 2008 was 234.8 per 100,000, and 166.7 per 100,000 for females.
Of those deaths due to Cardiovascular disease, 47% were male and 53% were female. Females dying from these diseases had a higher median age at death, 87.0 years compared with 81.3 years for males. The potential life lost due to Cardiovascular disease is much higher for males than females; 116,912 years for males compared with 49,320 for females.
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